Open Class Chinese - Daily Mandarin-

Go shopping

Warm Up

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大家好!欢迎大家来到 Happy School Online 学习汉语。我们可以邀请朋友看电影,打篮球,参加 party,也可以邀请朋友一起购物,购物在我们生活中是必不可少的,所以这节课我们就一起学习和购物有关的对话吧。今天的对话比较长,有些难度,希望大家打起精神,认真学习对话。


Hello everybody! Welcome to Happy School Online for Chinese learning. We can invite our friends to see a movie, play basketball, to a party, or invite our friends to go shopping, and shopping is an indispensable part of our life. So, let's all learn some shopping related conversations together in this lesson. Today's conversation is rather long and more difficult. I hope you can keep your spirits up and focus on the dialog learning.

Listen to conversation

Li Yu and Wang Hua went shopping together, and Li Yu saw a dress she liked very much.

Play the audio track

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我想买件裙子。

wǒ xiǎng mǎi jiàn qún zi

I want to buy a dress.

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这件怎么样?

zhè jiàn zěn me yàng

How about this one?

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这件裙子很适合你。

zhè jiàn qún zi hěn shì hé nǐ

This dress suits you very well.

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我也觉得,就买这件裙子吧,

wǒ yě jué de, jiù mǎi zhè jiàn qún zi ba

I agree. I'll take this dress.

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售货员,请问这件裙子多少钱?

shòu huò yuan, wèn zhè jiàn qún zi duō shǎo qián

Excuse me, how much is this dress?

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这件裙子120元。

zhè jiàn qún zi 120 yuán

This dress is 120 yuan.

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好贵啊,能便宜点吗?

hǎo guì a, néng pián yi diǎn ma

That's expensive. Can you make it cheaper?

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那就100元吧。

nà jiù 100 yuán ba

One hundred yuan, please.

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好的,成交。

hǎo de chéng jiāo

Ok, deal.

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Content

00:00 / 03:40

刚才大家已经大概学习了对话,对话的内容呢,就是王华约李玉去购物,然后李玉就在商场开开心心的买了一条裙子,今天的难度可能有些大,但是呢,别担心,我们现在逐句来讲解。


Just now we roughly learned the dialogue, the content of the dialogue is that Wang Hua invited Li Yue to go shopping, and then Li Yue in the mall happily bought a skirt. Today's degree of difficulty may be a little bigger, but don't worry, we will now explain them sentence by sentence.


她们俩到了商场之后,李玉想要买一条裙子,“买” 就是 "to buy",那或许就有人要问了,  "to sell" 在汉语中如何说呢? "to sell" 在汉语中就是 “卖”,大家一定要注意 "买" 和“卖”的发音,“买”的意思是 "to buy" 声调是三声 ( mǎi买 ) ,而“卖”的意思是 "to sell" 声调是四声 ( mài 卖 ),大家一定要区分开哦,除此之外,它们的字形也很像,但是“卖”也就是 "sell" 比买 "buy" 多了上面的一横和一撇,大家要多练多写才会掌握。


When they got to the store, Li Yu wanted to buy a dress. "买" means "to buy",  So, someone might ask, "how do you say "to sell" in Chinese?". "卖" means to sell in Chinese, we must pay attention to the pronunciation of the "买" and "卖",    "买" means "to buy",it has the third tone, and "卖" means "to sell" it has the fourth tone, we must distinguish them clearly. In addition, the glyph also like very similar, however, "卖" means to sell, which has a cross and a left at the top. You will have to practice more Chinese writing to master it.


李玉说:我想买件裙子。这里的“件”在汉语中是一个单位词,它通常放在衣服的前面,大家以后就会注意到 “件”是很频繁的一个词语。


Li Yu says: 我想买件裙子.    The "件" here is a unit word in Chinese, and it's usually placed in front of the garment. You will notice it later that it’s a frequently used word.


听到李玉想买裙子,王华马上给李玉挑了一条裙子,问她:“这件怎么样?”,“怎么样”  是一个疑问代词,它通常用来询问状况或者是征求意见。


Hearing that Li Yue wanted to buy a skirt, Wang Hua immediately picked out a dress for Li Yu and asked her, "这件怎么样".    "怎么样"  is a interrogative pronoun that is often used to ask about a situation or to ask for an opinion.


李玉也觉得这条裙子很好看,她很喜欢,所以李玉打算买这条裙子。买东西的时候当然要询问价格,在汉语中询问价格就用这句话:物品名称 + 多少钱? 比如:这双鞋子多少钱? / 这个手表多少钱?   对话中李玉想买这件裙子,于是她问售货员: “这件裙子多少钱?”  这句话很实用,也比较有难度,所以大家一定要多多练习。


Li Yu also thought the dress was nice andshe really liked it, so Li Yu decided to buy the dress. When you buy something, of course you have to ask about the price. To ask for the price in Chinese you say : Item name + 多少钱? For example, These shoes + 多少钱?, This watch + 多少钱? In the dialogue Li Yu wanted to buy this dress, so she asks the salesman, “This skirt多少钱?”This sentence is very useful, but also a bit difficult, you all must practice few more times.


平常我们买东西的时候,会在心里衡量一下买得贵了还是便宜了,李玉也一样,当售货员告诉李玉这件裙子120元的时候,李玉说: 好贵啊! 能便宜一点吗? 李玉觉得贵了,于是她和售货员讨价还价,售货员最后同意100元卖给她。大家都知道“元”是人民币单位,这里的“贵”就是 "expensive",“便宜”就是 "cheap" 的意思,他们是一组反义词。


Usually, when we are buying, we tend to evaluate whether it is expensive or cheap. The same goes for Li Yu. When the saleswoman told her that the dress was 120 yuan, Li Yu thought it was too expensive, so she bargained with the saleswoman, who finally agreed with 100 yuan. As we all know, yuan is a unit of RMB, so the word  "贵" means "expensive", and the word  "便宜"  means "cheap". They are a set of antonyms.


就这样经过一番讨价还价,李玉很开心的买到了自己喜歡的裙子,说的我都想去购物了。


After a around of bargain, Li Yu was very happy to buy her favorite dress. Makes me want to go shopping too!

Vocabulary to know

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购物 [ gòu wù ] (v)

Go shopping

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我昨天陪我妈妈去购物了。

wǒ zuó tiān péi wǒ mā ma qù gòu wù le 。

I went shopping with my mother yesterday.

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买 [ mǎi ] (v)

to buy

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今天商场打折,我买了好多衣服。

jīn tiān shāng chǎng dǎ zhé ,wǒ mǎi le hǎo duō yī fu 。

There’s sale at the mall today. I bought a lot of clothes.

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件 [ jiàn ] (m)

(used for clothes among other items) piece

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这件衣服怎么样?

zhè jiàn yī fu zěn me yàng ?

How about this dress?

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怎么样 [ zěn me yang ] (pron)

(indicating nature, condition or manner) how

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今天天气怎么样?

jīn tiān tiān qì zěn me yàng ?

How's the weather today?

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漂亮 [ piào liang ] (adj)

beautiful, pretty

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她是一个超级漂亮的女孩。

tā shì yí gè chāo jí piāo liang de nǚ hái 。

She is a very beautiful girl.

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多少 [ duō shao ] (pron)

How much, how many

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这里有多少个苹果?

zhè lǐ yǒu duō shao gè píng guǒ ?

How many apples are there?

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钱 [ qián ] (n)

Money

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你能借给我100元钱吗?

nǐ néng jiè gěi wǒ 100yuán qián ma ?

Can you lend me a hundred dollars

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元 [ yuan ] (m)

unit of money

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你现在还剩多少元钱?

nǐ xiàn zài hái shèng duō shao yuán qián ?

How much do you have left now?

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便宜 [ pián yi ] (adj)

cheap, inexpensive

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这里的水果好便宜。

zhè lǐ de shuǐ guǒ hǎo pián yi 。

The fruit here is really cheap.

Recap

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这节课呢,我们学习了一些在购物中会用到的很重要的句子和词语。


In this lesson, we have learned some important words and sentences used during the shopping scenario.


如果是询问价格就用“物品+多少钱?”这个句子。


When asking for the price use this sentence "item name" +多少钱?


如果是询问状况或者征询意见,就要用疑问代词“怎么样”


Use the interrogative pronoun "怎么样" if you are asking about a situation or for an opinion.  If you are asking for an opinion or about a situation, you can use the interrogative pronoun "怎么样".


還要注意“买”和“卖”的发音,意思还有字形的差别。


Do pay attention to the pronunciation, meaning and glyph difference of "买" and "卖",


“贵”和“便宜”在购物中也是会用到的词语,意思一定要掌握好。


"贵" and "便宜" are also used in shopping, the meaning must be well grasped.

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