Open Class Chinese - Daily Mandarin-
大家好！欢迎大家来到 Happy School Online 学习汉语。我们可以邀请朋友看电影，打篮球，参加 party，也可以邀请朋友一起购物，购物在我们生活中是必不可少的，所以这节课我们就一起学习和购物有关的对话吧。今天的对话比较长，有些难度，希望大家打起精神，认真学习对话。
Hello everybody! Welcome to Happy School Online for Chinese learning. We can invite our friends to see a movie, play basketball, to a party, or invite our friends to go shopping, and shopping is an indispensable part of our life. So, let's all learn some shopping related conversations together in this lesson. Today's conversation is rather long and more difficult. I hope you can keep your spirits up and focus on the dialog learning.
Listen to conversation
Li Yu and Wang Hua went shopping together, and Li Yu saw a dress she liked very much.
Play the audio track
wǒ xiǎng mǎi jiàn qún zi
I want to buy a dress.
zhè jiàn zěn me yàng
How about this one?
zhè jiàn qún zi hěn shì hé nǐ
This dress suits you very well.
wǒ yě jué de, jiù mǎi zhè jiàn qún zi ba
I agree. I'll take this dress.
shòu huò yuan, wèn zhè jiàn qún zi duō shǎo qián
Excuse me, how much is this dress?
zhè jiàn qún zi 120 yuán
This dress is 120 yuan.
hǎo guì a, néng pián yi diǎn ma
That's expensive. Can you make it cheaper?
nà jiù 100 yuán ba
One hundred yuan, please.
hǎo de chéng jiāo
Just now we roughly learned the dialogue, the content of the dialogue is that Wang Hua invited Li Yue to go shopping, and then Li Yue in the mall happily bought a skirt. Today's degree of difficulty may be a little bigger, but don't worry, we will now explain them sentence by sentence.
她们俩到了商场之后，李玉想要买一条裙子，“买” 就是 "to buy"，那或许就有人要问了， "to sell" 在汉语中如何说呢？ "to sell" 在汉语中就是 “卖”，大家一定要注意 "买" 和“卖”的发音，“买”的意思是 "to buy" 声调是三声 ( mǎi买 ) ，而“卖”的意思是 "to sell" 声调是四声 ( mài 卖 )，大家一定要区分开哦，除此之外，它们的字形也很像，但是“卖”也就是 "sell" 比买 "buy" 多了上面的一横和一撇，大家要多练多写才会掌握。
When they got to the store, Li Yu wanted to buy a dress. "买" means "to buy", So, someone might ask, "how do you say "to sell" in Chinese?". "卖" means to sell in Chinese, we must pay attention to the pronunciation of the "买" and "卖", "买" means "to buy"，it has the third tone, and "卖" means "to sell" it has the fourth tone, we must distinguish them clearly. In addition, the glyph also like very similar, however, "卖" means to sell, which has a cross and a left at the top. You will have to practice more Chinese writing to master it.
Li Yu says: 我想买件裙子. The "件" here is a unit word in Chinese, and it's usually placed in front of the garment. You will notice it later that it’s a frequently used word.
Hearing that Li Yue wanted to buy a skirt, Wang Hua immediately picked out a dress for Li Yu and asked her, "这件怎么样". "怎么样" is a interrogative pronoun that is often used to ask about a situation or to ask for an opinion.
李玉也觉得这条裙子很好看，她很喜欢，所以李玉打算买这条裙子。买东西的时候当然要询问价格，在汉语中询问价格就用这句话：物品名称 + 多少钱？ 比如：这双鞋子多少钱？ / 这个手表多少钱？ 对话中李玉想买这件裙子，于是她问售货员： “这件裙子多少钱？” 这句话很实用，也比较有难度，所以大家一定要多多练习。
Li Yu also thought the dress was nice andshe really liked it, so Li Yu decided to buy the dress. When you buy something, of course you have to ask about the price. To ask for the price in Chinese you say : Item name + 多少钱？ For example, These shoes + 多少钱?, This watch + 多少钱？ In the dialogue Li Yu wanted to buy this dress, so she asks the salesman, “This skirt多少钱？”This sentence is very useful, but also a bit difficult, you all must practice few more times.
平常我们买东西的时候，会在心里衡量一下买得贵了还是便宜了，李玉也一样，当售货员告诉李玉这件裙子120元的时候，李玉说: 好贵啊! 能便宜一点吗? 李玉觉得贵了，于是她和售货员讨价还价，售货员最后同意100元卖给她。大家都知道“元”是人民币单位，这里的“贵”就是 "expensive"，“便宜”就是 "cheap" 的意思，他们是一组反义词。
Usually, when we are buying, we tend to evaluate whether it is expensive or cheap. The same goes for Li Yu. When the saleswoman told her that the dress was 120 yuan, Li Yu thought it was too expensive, so she bargained with the saleswoman, who finally agreed with 100 yuan. As we all know, yuan is a unit of RMB, so the word "贵" means "expensive", and the word "便宜" means "cheap". They are a set of antonyms.
After a around of bargain, Li Yu was very happy to buy her favorite dress. Makes me want to go shopping too!
Vocabulary to know
购物 [ gòu wù ] (v)
wǒ zuó tiān péi wǒ mā ma qù gòu wù le 。
I went shopping with my mother yesterday.
买 [ mǎi ] (v)
jīn tiān shāng chǎng dǎ zhé ，wǒ mǎi le hǎo duō yī fu 。
There’s sale at the mall today. I bought a lot of clothes.
件 [ jiàn ] (m)
(used for clothes among other items) piece
zhè jiàn yī fu zěn me yàng ？
How about this dress?
怎么样 [ zěn me yang ] (pron)
(indicating nature, condition or manner) how
jīn tiān tiān qì zěn me yàng ？
How's the weather today?