Open Class Chinese - Daily Mandarin-

Greet in a Questionnaire Survey

Have you conducted any questionnaire survey before in the street? Or, be invited to fill in a questionnaire for a survey study? In this unit, we see how to use the greeting words or phrases to request a survey interviewee to respond and complete a questionnaire in Mandarin as follows.

Listen to conversation

Meng Jie is carrying out a questionnaire survey in the street. An interviewee Wen Bo is invited to participate in her survey. Let us see what goes next.

Play the audio track

00:00 / 00:46

早 上 好 , 小 姐 !

zǎoshang hǎo,xiǎo jiě

Good morning, Madam!

00:00 / 00:02

能 帮 忙 做 一 份 问 卷 调 查 吗 ?

néng bāng máng zuò yí fèn wèn juàn diào chá ma ?

Could you help me with a questionnaire?

00:00 / 00:03

你 好 , 先 生 !

nǐ hǎo, xiānsheng !

Hello, Sir!

00:00 / 00:02

能 帮 忙 做 一 份 问 卷 调 查 吗 ?

néng bāng máng zuò yí fèn wèn juàn diào chá ma ?

Could you help me with a questionnaire?

00:00 / 00:03

好 呀 。

hǎo ya 。

Okay.

00:00 / 00:02

不 好 意 思 , 你 有 铅 笔 吗  ?

bù hǎo yì si,nǐ yǒu qiān bǐ ma ?

Excuse me,Do you have a pencil?

00:00 / 00:04

做 问 卷 调 查 要 付 钱 吗 ?

zuò wèn juàn diào chá yào fù qián ma ?

Do I need to pay for a questionnaire?

00:00 / 00:04

不 好 意 思 ! 我 说 的 是 铅 笔 , 不 是 钱 币 呀!

bù hǎo yì si! wǒ shuō de shì qiān bǐ,bú shì qián bì ya!

Oh! It means a pencil, not money.

00:00 / 00:05

我 的 笔 芯 刚 刚 断 了 。

wǒ de bǐ xīn gāng gāng duàn le 。

My pencil has just broken.

00:00 / 00:03

Vocabulary to know

00:00 / 00:01

能 [ nénɡ ] (mod)

Can, may

00:00 / 00:03

我 能 用 一 下 你 的 笔 吗 ?

wǒ nénɡ yònɡ yí xià nǐ de bǐ mɑ ?

Can I use your pen?

00:00 / 00:02

帮忙 [ bānɡ mánɡ ] (v)

To help

00:00 / 00:02

要 帮 忙 吗 ?

yào bāng máng ma ?

Can l help you?

00:00 / 00:01

份 [ fèn ] (mw)

Portion (of)

00:00 / 00:04

可 以 给 我 一 份 报 纸 吗 ?

ké yǐ ɡěi wǒ yí fèn bào zhǐ mɑ ?

May I have a newspaper please?

00:00 / 00:03

问卷调查 [ wèn juàn diào chá ] (n)

Questionnaire

00:00 / 00:04

能 帮 忙 做 一 份 问 卷 调 查 吗 ?

néng bāng máng zuò yí fèn wèn juàn diào chá ma ?

Could you help me with a questionnaire?

00:00 / 00:02

铅笔 [ qiān bǐ ] (n)

Pencil

00:00 / 00:03

这 是 谁 的 铅 笔 ?

zhè shì shuí de qiān bǐ?

Whose pencil is this?

00:00 / 00:02

要 (需要) [ yào (xū yào) ] (v)

To need

00:00 / 00:03

你 需 要 买 什 么 吗 ?

nǐ xū yào mǎi shén me ma ?

Do you need to buy something?

00:00 / 00:02

付钱 [ fù qián ] (v-o)

To pay

00:00 / 00:05

我 们 在 这 儿 付 钱 还 是 在 前 台 ?

wǒ men zài zhèr fù qián hái shì zài qián tái ?

Do we pay here or at the front?

00:00 / 00:02

刚刚 [ɡānɡ ɡāng ] (adv)

Just

00:00 / 00:03

你 刚 刚 做 了 什 么 ?

nǐ ɡānɡ ɡānɡ zuò le shén me ?

What have you just done?

00:00 / 00:02

请 [ qǐnɡ ] (v)

Please

00:00 / 00:02

请 慢 用。

qǐnɡ màn yònɡ 。

Please enjoy your meal.

Rules of Grammar

能 néng

One of usages of " 能 néng " is to express possibility, it is often used before a verb to form polite questions, similar to "would it be possible" in English.

Example: 

  1. " 你 能 帮 忙 做 问 卷 调 查 吗 ? nǐ néng bāng máng zuò wèn juàn diào chá ma ? "
    Could you help me with a questionnaire?

  2. " 我 能 问 你 一 个 问 题 吗 ? wǒ néng wèn nǐ yí gè wèn tí ma ? "
    Could I ask you a question ?

跟 gēn

  • When " 跟 gēn " is used as a preposition, it means "with" in English. It always comes before a verb to express a sentence of "doing something with somebody".

  • The pattern of such usage is " Subject + 跟 gēn + Person + Verb + Object ".

Example: 

  • " 我 之 后 会 跟 你 联 络 。 wǒ zhī hòu huì ɡēn nǐ lián luò 。"  I’ll contact you later.

  • " 不 要 跟 我 说 话!bú yào ɡēn wǒ shuō huà !"  Don’t talk to me !

完 wán

  • " 完 wán " is used to indicate that an action is finished or completed. It is always to put " 完 wán " after a verb to form result complements.

  • The structure of the usage is " Subject + Verb + 完 wán + object ".

Example: 

  • " 请 你 填 完 问 卷 调 查。qǐnɡ nǐ tián wán wèn juǎn diào chá 。  Please complete the questionnaire.

  • " 我 没 看 完 这 本 书。wǒ méi kàn wán zhè běn shū 。 " I didn't finish reading this book.

Write Chinese

能 [ nénɡ] (mod)

请 [ qǐnɡ ] (v)

Extended Learning

Mandarin is a tonal language, different pitches of a sound in a word affects their meanings.


In Mandarin Chinese, there are four basic tones and a neutral tone. So, if you get the tones of a word wrong, you might end up saying the wrong thing.


For example, " qiān bǐ  "  means " a pencil ", but if you get that tone wrong with " 钱 币 qián bì ", it would mean money or coin.

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