Open Class Chinese - Daily Mandarin-

Greet in the morning

In the morning,  "Good morning", or simply "Morning" are common spoken greetings in English.  Let see the morning greeting in Mandarin.

Listen to conversation

In the morning, Teacher Zhang is reading a book in the park. She meets some friends and greets with each other.

Play the audio track

00:00 / 00:15

早上好!

zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo!

Good morning!

00:00 / 00:02

早上好!

zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo!

Good morning!

00:00 / 00:02

早上好!

zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo!

Good morning!

00:00 / 00:02

早!

zǎo!

Morning!

00:00 / 00:02

张老师, 早上好!

zhānɡ lǎo shī,zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo!

Good morning, Teacher Zhang !

00:00 / 00:04

李太太,您早!

lǐ tài tai,nín zǎo!

Good morning, Mrs. Li !

00:00 / 00:03

Vocabulary to know

00:00 / 00:02

早上 [ zǎo shɑnɡ ] (wt)

Morning

00:00 / 00:04

我 今 天 早 上 是 八 点 起 床 的。

wǒ jīn tiān zǎo shɑnɡ shì bā diǎn qǐ chuánɡ de。

I got up at eight this morning.

00:00 / 00:02

好 [ hǎo ] (adj)

Good, fine

00:00 / 00:02

你们好。

nǐ men hǎo。

Hello!

00:00 / 00:01

你 [ nǐ ] (n)

You

00:00 / 00:03

你是学生吗?

nǐ shì xué shēng ma?

Are you a student?

00:00 / 00:02

你们 [ nǐ men ] (n)

You (plural)

00:00 / 00:03

你们是学生吗?

nǐ men shì xué shenɡ mɑ ?

Are you students?

00:00 / 00:02

您 [ nín ] (n)

You (polite form)

00:00 / 00:03

您是老师吗?

nín shì lǎo shī mɑ?

Are you a teacher?

00:00 / 00:02

老师 [ lǎo shī ] (n)

Teacher

00:00 / 00:03

这是我的汉语老师。

zhè shì wǒ de hàn yǔ lǎo shī。

This is my Chinese teacher.

00:00 / 00:02

太太 [ tài tɑi ] (n)

Mrs, wife

00:00 / 00:04

李太太是一位老师。

lǐ tài tɑi shì yí wèi lǎo shī 。

Mrs. Li is a teacher.

00:00 / 00:02

张 [ zhānɡ ] (n)

A Chinese family name

00:00 / 00:03

这是张老师。

zhè shì zhānɡ lǎo shī 。

This is teacher Zhang.

00:00 / 00:02

李 [ lǐ ] (n)

A Chinese family name

00:00 / 00:03

她是李小姐吗?

tā shì lǐ xiáo jiě mɑ ?

Is she Miss Li?

Rules of Grammar

您 [ nín ] (n)

To show a greater level of politeness and respect to a person, nín is used (instead of nǐ).

nǐ is used for a person who is younger or lower in social status than you.



Example: 

Literally in English,


  • 您貴姓? (nín guì xìng?) means "What is your honourable surname?"


  • 你叫什么名字? (nǐ jiào shénme mínɡ zi?) means "What is your name?"

"早上好 zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo" and "早 zǎo"

Difference between "早上好 zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo" and "早 zǎo"

"早 zǎo" is the short form of "早上好 zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo", means ‘Good morning’.

"早zǎo" is only used for those who are a hasty encounter or an unfamiliar person.

Example: 

  • Say "Good morning" to your boss, you say, "早上好 zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo".


  • Say "Good morning" to an unfamiliar encounter, you say, "早 zǎo".

Extended Learning

(1) Greetings at Different Times

In addition to greetings in the morning, Chinese people also greet others at other time periods using the following:


Greeting at noon

中 午 好 zhōnɡ wǔ hǎo (Good Afternoon)


Greeting in the afternoon

下 午 好 xià wǔ hǎo (Good Afternoon)


Greeting in the evening or at night

晚 上 好 wǎn shɑnɡ hǎo (Good Evening)




(2) Greetings A Person with Titles


It is always safe to greet persons in professional settings by announcing their surnames followed by their titles. Two simple rules worth paying attention as follows:

When talking to a person who is a profession or senior like Minister, Head of Department, Teacher, Professor, Doctor, etc, be sure to use appropriate titles when addressing them. For examples: Teacher Zhang, Professor Zhou.


Note the words order difference between Chinese and English when addressing a person. In English, title of a person is put in front of the surname, while it is put after the surname in Mandarin. For examples,

In English, we often use Mrs. Li, Teacher Zhang, however, in Mandarin, we use 李 太 太 (lǐ tài tɑi), 张 老 师 (zhānɡ lǎo shī).

Useful and Common Titles, including:

先生 (xiānshenɡ), Mr.

小姐 (xiáo jiě), Miss

教授 (jiào shòu), Professor

经理 (jīnɡ lǐ), Manager

医生 (yī shenɡ), Doctor

老板 (láo bǎn), Boss

Chinese Surnames - There are more than 1,600 different Chinese surnames. Top 10 surnames are most common and populous, and its total population is about 550 million people. They are:

王 (wánɡ)

李 (lǐ)

张 (zhānɡ)

刘 (liú)

陈 (chén)

杨 (yánɡ)

赵 (zhào)

黄 (huánɡ)

周 (zhōu)

吴 (wú)

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