Open Class Chinese - Daily Mandarin-

Greet in the morning

In the morning,  "Good morning", or simply "Morning" are common spoken greetings in English.  Let see the morning greeting in Mandarin.

Warm Up

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Listen to conversation

In the morning, Teacher Zhang is reading a book in the park. She meets some friends and greets with each other.

Play the audio track

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Greet in the morning

早上好!

zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo!

Good morning!

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Greet in the morning

早上好!

zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo!

Good morning!

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Greet in the morning

早上好!

zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo!

Good morning!

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Greet in the morning

早!

zǎo!

Morning!

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Greet in the morning

张老师, 早上好!

zhānɡ lǎo shī,zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo!

Good morning, Teacher Zhang !

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Greet in the morning

李太太,您早!

lǐ tài tai,nín zǎo!

Good morning, Mrs. Li !

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Content

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Vocabulary to know

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早上 [ zǎo shɑnɡ ] (wt)

Morning

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我 今 天 早 上 是 八 点 起 床 的。

wǒ jīn tiān zǎo shɑnɡ shì bā diǎn qǐ chuánɡ de。

I got up at eight this morning.

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好 [ hǎo ] (adj)

HSK L1 Unit 1

Good, fine

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你们好。

nǐ men hǎo。

Hello!

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你 [ nǐ ] (n)

HSK L1 Unit 1

You

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你是学生吗?

nǐ shì xué shēng ma?

Are you a student?

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你们 [ nǐ men ] (n)

You (plural)

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你们是学生吗?

nǐ men shì xué shenɡ mɑ ?

Are you students?

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您 [ nín ] (n)

You (polite form)

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您是老师吗?

nín shì lǎo shī mɑ?

Are you a teacher?

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老师 [ lǎo shī ] (n)

HSK L1 Unit 2

Teacher

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这是我的汉语老师。

zhè shì wǒ de hàn yǔ lǎo shī。

This is my Chinese teacher.

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太太 [ tài tɑi ] (n)

Mrs, wife

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李太太是一位老师。

lǐ tài tɑi shì yí wèi lǎo shī 。

Mrs. Li is a teacher.

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张 [ zhānɡ ] (n)

A Chinese family name

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这是张老师。

zhè shì zhānɡ lǎo shī 。

This is teacher Zhang.

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李 [ lǐ ] (n)

A Chinese family name

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她是李小姐吗?

tā shì lǐ xiáo jiě mɑ ?

Is she Miss Li?

Rules of Grammar

您 [ nín ] (n)

To show a greater level of politeness and respect to a person, nín is used (instead of nǐ).

nǐ is used for a person who is younger or lower in social status than you.



Example: 

Literally in English,


  • 您貴姓? (nín guì xìng?) means "What is your honourable surname?"


  • 你叫什么名字? (nǐ jiào shénme mínɡ zi?) means "What is your name?"

"早上好 zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo" and "早 zǎo"

Difference between "早上好 zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo" and "早 zǎo"

"早 zǎo" is the short form of "早上好 zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo", means ‘Good morning’.

"早zǎo" is only used for those who are a hasty encounter or an unfamiliar person.

Example: 

  • Say "Good morning" to your boss, you say, "早上好 zǎo shɑnɡ hǎo".


  • Say "Good morning" to an unfamiliar encounter, you say, "早 zǎo".

Recap

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