Open Class Chinese - Daily Mandarin-

I want to buy a pair of trousers

牛仔裤好像永远都不会过时, 无论在哪个年代都是非常时尚的。 因为它休闲又时尚,所以不管是男人或女人, 老人或是小孩都喜欢穿牛仔裤。刚好我们的主角李玉今天正打算去商场买一条裤子, 到底她会买到自己喜欢的牛仔裤吗?


Jeans never seems to go out of fashion, it’s always in, no matter what decade. Because of its style and casualness, everyone loves them, whether you are a woman, man, old or young. Coincidentally, our main character Li plans to buy a pair of trousers at the mall today, will she find the jeans she truly likes?

Warm Up

00:00 / 00:41

大家好!欢迎大家来到 Happy School Online 学习汉语,我们刚刚说了,李玉打算去商场买一条裤子,可是大家都知道买到自己满意的衣服可不是一件容易的事儿,款式,颜色,还有尺寸都很重要。

所以这节课我们会学到一些在买衣服过程中会用到的词语和句子,比如尺寸的大小,价格的高低。


接下来我们一起看一下李玉买裤子的过程吧!


Hi Everyone! Welcome to Happy School Online for Chinese learning. As we just mentioned, Li plans to go to the mall to buy a pair of trousers. Everyone knows that it’s not easy to find a satisfying piece of clothing, the style, color and size are all important.

Therefore, we will learn some of the words and sentences generally used when shopping. Such as fitting, and pricing.


Next, lets all observe Li’s trouser buying process.

Listen to conversation

Li plans to buy a pair of trousers at the mall today, will she find the jeans she truly likes?

Slow speed version

Play the audio track

00:00 / 00:50

您好,请问您需要什么?

nín hǎo ,qǐng wèn nín xū yào shén me ?

Hello, may I help you?

00:00 / 00:05

我想买一条牛仔裤。

wǒ xiǎng mǎi yì tiáo niú zǎi kù 。

I want to buy a pair of jeans.

00:00 / 00:04

当然可以, 这是我们最新款的牛仔裤。

dāng rán kě yǐ , zhè shì wǒ men zuì xīn kuǎn de niú zǎi kù 。

Of course. These are our latest jeans.

00:00 / 00:07

就这件吧。

jiù zhè jiàn ba 。

I’ll get this one.

00:00 / 00:02

您需要什么尺寸的?

nín xū yào shén me chǐ cùn de ?

What size do you like?

00:00 / 00:04

有没有M码?

yǒu méi yǒu M mǎ ?

Do you have size M?

00:00 / 00:03

有的, 您可以试穿一下。

yǒu de , nín kě yǐ shì chuān yí xià 。

Yes, you can try it on.

00:00 / 00:05

我就买这件了,多少钱?

wǒ jiù mǎi zhè jiàn le ,duō shao qián ?

I'll take it. How much is it.

00:00 / 00:04

300元。

300 yuán.

300 rmb.

00:00 / 00:02

Content

00:00 / 04:17

平常我们去商场买衣服的时候,售货员都会很热情的问我们:想买什么?有什么可以帮助您的?等等。所以我们最常听到售货员的说话, 就是: 您好,请问您需要什么?


When shopping for clothes at the mall, normally the sales person would enthusiastically ask us; what are you looking for, how can I help and so on. The most common thing we hear the sales person say is; “Hi, how may I help you?”


李玉告诉售货员她想买一条裤子,所以如果售货员问你想要什么的时候,你就可以用这个句子:我想买一条牛仔裤 或者 我想要一条牛仔裤。


Li told the sales person that she wants to buy a pair of trousers, so if a sales person asks what are looking for, you can say the following; 我想买

一条牛仔裤 或者 我想要一条牛仔裤。


这里 “买 buy” 就是 “to buy”,那或许就有人要问了, “to sell” 在汉语中如何说呢? "to sell" 在汉语中就是 “卖 sell” ,大家一定要注意 “买” 和 “卖” 的发音,“买” means  "to buy" 声调是三声,而 “卖” means “to sell” 声调是四声,大家一定要区分开哦,除此之外,它们的字形也很像,但是 “卖” 也就是 “sell” 比买 “buy” 多了上面的一横和一撇。


Here, “买” is “to buy”. Then someone may ask, how would you say “to sell” in Chinese? “to sell” in Chinese is “卖”. Everyone must pay attention to the pronunciations to  “买” and “卖” ,  “买” means  “to buy”  tone is 3 tones, and  “卖” means “to sell” tone is four tones, everyone must distinguish the difference. Other than that, the fonts are also similar, though  “卖” means“sell”which has an additional cross and slash a the top, compared to “buy”.


售货员知道了李玉的需求以后,马上就给她推荐了她们商场最新款的牛仔裤。我们说了买衣服的时候买到自己喜欢的款式很重要,李玉很喜欢售货员给自己推荐的牛仔裤,于是她想去试穿一下。


After finding out Li’s preference, the sales staff quickly recommended her their newest jeans collection in the store. We talked about the importance of buying the style of clothes we like. Li really liked the jeans recommendation from the sales staff and she wants to try it on.


售货员问李玉: “您需要什么尺寸的?” ,意思就是 What size do you need?  其实这句话还可以这样说:“您穿多大码的?”  “码” 就是 “尺码” 英语中就是  yard / size  的意思。


The sales staff asked Li;  “您需要什么尺寸的?” , means What size do you need? There’s actually another way to say it;  “您穿多大码的?” ,  “码” means “码数” in English that means yard / size.


李玉告诉售货员她穿 M 码的裤子。在汉语中尺寸的单位就是 “码” ,大码,意思是 large size,小码,意思是 small size,中码,意思是 medium size,还有一个均码是 free size。如果你在网上购物,比如说淘宝,买衣服的时候会有颜色和尺寸的选项,尺寸的选项会有 XS, S, M, L, XL, XXL 等等,它们依次是最小码到大码。


Li told the sales staff that she wears the size M. In Chinese, the unit for size is “码”, 大码 means large size, 小码 means small size,中码 means medium size, and there’s a 均码 which means free size. If you are shopping on line, such as 淘宝, you have color and sizing selections for the clothing option. Sizing options are XS, S, M, L, XL, XXL and etc. They are in the order of small to large sizes.


李玉试穿了一下裤子,很满意,她决定买这条裤子了,于是就问售货员: “多少钱?” 这里李玉省略了前面的主语,完整的句子应该是 “这条裤子多少钱?”


Li was very satisfied with trying on the jeans. She decided to buy this pair of jeans and asked the sales staff;  “多少钱?” Notice here, Li skipped the subject in the front, the entire sentence should be  “这条裤子多少钱?” 


在汉语中询问价格就用这句话:物品名称 + 多少钱? 比如:"这双鞋子多少钱? / 这个手表多少钱?"   对话中李玉想买这条裤子,于是她问售货员: “多少钱?” 这句话很实用,大家一定要多多练习。


To ask about the price in Chinese use this sentence set up:  物品名称 + 多少钱?  E.g.  这双鞋子多少钱? / 这个手表多少钱?  In the dialog, Li wanted this trouser so she asked the sales staff;  “多少钱?”  Which is a very useful sentence, you should all practice some more on it.


售货员告诉李玉这条裤子 300元的时候,李玉觉得贵了,售货员告诉她会员可以打八折,打八折的意思是 20% discount offer, 即是只收取 百分之八十的价钱, 所以我们叫做八折。而 “会员” 就是 VIP 客户。


When the sales staff told Li this pair of trousers coast $300 Li thought it was too pricy. The sales staff told her members gets 20% off, 打八折 means 20% discount, also means they will charge 80% of the total price. This is why we say 八折 and “会员” means VIP client / member.


李玉说自己是会员,结局我们可以猜到,李玉应该是买了这条裤子,毕竟遇到喜欢的不容易,大家在购物过程中遇到喜欢的也要抓住机会。


Li said she’s a member, we can guess Li, likely had bought this pair of trousers as the end result. After all it’s not easy to find what you like, when finding something you like while shopping, you have to capture the opportunity.

Vocabulary to know

00:00 / 00:02

条 [tiáo] (m)

(Used for clothes among other items), piece

00:00 / 00:03

这条裤子是我爸爸的。

zhè tiáo kù zi shì wǒ bà ba de 。

This pair of trousers is my father's.

00:00 / 00:02

当然 [dāng rán ]

Of course

00:00 / 00:05

太阳当然是从东方升起,从西方落下。

tài yáng dāng rán shì cóng dōng fāng shēng qǐ ,cóng xī fāng luò xià 。

Of course the sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

00:00 / 00:02

尺寸 [chǐ cùn] (n)

Size

00:00 / 00:04

这件衣服的尺寸太大了。

zhè jiàn yī fu de chǐ cùn tài dà le 。

This dress size is too large.

00:00 / 00:02

码 [mǎ ] (m)

Yard

00:00 / 00:03

我穿 M 码的衣服。

wǒ chuān Mmǎ de yī fu 。

I wear size M clothes.

00:00 / 00:01

贵 [guì ] (adj)

Expensive

00:00 / 00:03

这件衣服真的好贵啊!

zhè jiàn yī fu zhēn de hǎo guì a !

This dress is really expensive.

00:00 / 00:02

优惠 [yōu huì ] (n)

Discounts

00:00 / 00:03

这些水果有没有优惠?

zhè xiē shuǐ guǒ yǒu méi yǒu yōu huì ?

Do you have a discount on these fruits?

00:00 / 00:02

打折 [dǎ zhé ] (v)

Discount

00:00 / 00:04

商场正在打折,快去买衣服吧!

shāng chǎng zhèng zài dǎ zhé ,kuài qù mǎi yī fu ba !

The department store is having a sale. Go and buy some clothes!

Rules of Grammar

句子“……多少钱?”
Sentence “……多少钱?”

句子“……多少钱?”通常是询问价格的,“多少”是一个代词,“多少钱”的意思就是“How much?”


The sentence “……多少钱?”typically refers to asking about the price. “多少”is a pronoun, “多少钱”means “how much?”

Example: 

这 双 鞋 子 多 少 钱 ?

zhè shuāng xié zi duō shao qián ?

How much is this pair of shoes?


这 束 花 多 少 钱?

zhè shù huā duō shao qián ?

How much is the bouquet?


一 大 杯 咖 啡 多 少 钱?

yí dà bēi kā fēi duō shao qián ?

How much is a large cup of coffee?

Recap

00:00 / 00:39

好了,现在我们来复习一下,通过这节课呢,我们学习了在商场里买衣服的时候如何挑选衣服的尺寸,码数是如何表达的,如何和商家讨价还价。


Alright lets all review this lesson material. When shopping at the mall, we learned how to choose clothes size, to express sizing, and how to bargain with the shop.


还要注意“买”和“卖”的区别


Watch the difference between “买” and “卖”


还有很重要,很实用的如何用汉语询问价格:“货品名称 + 多少钱?”


Also, an important and useful way to ask about the price in Chinese: “……多少钱?”


怎么样,有没有信心全都记住,没关系,平时多多练习就好了。


How about that, do you have any confidence to memorize it all? Don’t worry! Just need to do more practices.

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