Open Class Chinese - Daily Mandarin-

Self Introduction

We learn a language for communication and to meet more friends. First step to making more friends is to exchange introduction. So, for this lesson we will learn how to self-introduce in Chinese.

Warm Up

00:00 / 00:27

大家好!欢迎大家来到 Happy School Online 学习汉语,这节课我们会学习到几个在汉语中进行自我介绍的很常见,经常会用到的句子。比如:很高兴认识你、你叫什么名字?等等。


接下来我们就一起认真听对话吧!


Hi Everyone! Welcome to Happy School Online for Mandarin learning. In this lesson, we will learn some sentences that are commonly used to introduce ourselves in Chinese. E.g. Nice to meet you. What's your name? And so on.


Now let us listen to the dialogue carefully!

Listen to conversation

The first time Wang Hua and Li Yu met, they introduced each other.

Play the audio track

00:00 / 00:15

你好!

Nǐ hǎo!

Hello!

00:00 / 00:02

你好!

Nǐ hǎo!

Hi!

00:00 / 00:02

我叫王华,你叫什么名字?

Wǒ jiào wáng huá, nǐ jiào shén me míng zi ?

My name is Wanghua. What's your name?

00:00 / 00:04

我叫李玉,很高兴认识你。

wǒ jiào lǐ yù, hěn gāo xìng rèn shi nǐ.

My name is Li Yu. Nice to meet you.

00:00 / 00:04

我也很高兴认识你。

wǒ yě hěn gāo xìng rèn shi nǐ.

Nice to meet you, too.

00:00 / 00:03

Content

00:00 / 03:08

不知道大家有没有认真听呢,对话很简短,但是需要掌握的句型还是很重要的。首先我们来看看“你好”这个词语。当你对别人说“你好”的时候,别人也会说“你好”。


Not sure if everyone listened carefully, the conversation was brief but it is still important to capture the sentence style.  First let's look at the word "你好". When you say "你好" to someone, they will say "你好" as well.



大家要注意  “你好” 的发音,因为 “你” 是三声声调, “好” 也是三声声调,所以在读的时候会有变调, “你好 / 你好” 可能比较难,记得要多练习几遍哦。


Everyone should pay attention to the pronunciation of "你好", because "你" is three tones, "好" is also three tones, so there will be tone changes when reading out loud, particularly difficult in repeat. Do remember to practice this several times.



在中国我们最常见的问候语就是 “你好 !”,但却不是最常用的,因为我们和熟悉的人不会用 “你好” 去打招呼,通常情况下 “你好” 是两个人初次见面或者见面次数不多,不太熟才会用 “你好” 去相互问候。


The most common form of greeting in China is "你好", but it is not the most commonly used, because in between familiar people we do not use "你好" to say hello, usually "你好" is when two people meet for the first few times. Only strangers will use "你好" to greet each other.



需要补充的是,“您” 是比 “你” 更礼貌的一个人称代词。“您好” 是一种礼貌问候语,像是对客人,客户,老板,或者长辈,师长所表达的一种尊敬。


It should be added that "您" is a more polite pronoun than "你". "您好" is a polite greeting, to express a level of respect, such as to the guests, customers, bosses, or elders and teachers.



要注意“您”和“你”他们俩的发音是不同的,一个是 “nín” / 一个是 “nǐ”。


Do note, "您" and "你" are pronounced differently: " nín " and " nǐ".



“ 叫 ” 是一个动词,当你想要告诉别人你的名字时,你可以说 “我叫……”  ,比如 :  I'm Harper. 我就可以说:我叫 Harper,或者也可以说:我是 Harper,怎么样? 这个不难学吧。


“叫”is a verb, when you want to tell someone your name, you can say "我叫..." e.g., I'm Harper. I can say: 我叫Harper. Or I can also say: 我是 Harper. It isn’t hard to learn, right?




那如果你想要知道别人的名字时,你可以问“你叫什么名字?”意思就是“what's your name?”。 “什么”就是 “what” ,而 “名字” 就是 “name” ,这句话你可以将它背下来,一定会用到,因为我们和别人第一次见面的时候肯定会互相介绍姓名,这句话会帮到你哦。


If you want to know someone's name, you can ask "你叫什么名字?"What's your name?"什么" means "what" and "名字" means "name". You can learn it by heart and use it when you meet someone for the first time, this phrase will be very handy!




在英语中,我们很常见的一句话是 “nice to meet you”,在汉语中就是 “很高兴认识你” 的意思,也是用于初次见面的礼貌用语。所以如果有人对你说 “很高兴认识你” ,你也应该回答说“我也很高兴认识你。”或者你也可以说 “我也是”。 这里的 “也” 就是 “also, too” 的意思。


A very common phrase in English is "nice to meet you", which in Chinese means "很高兴认识你" and it’s also a polite phrase for when meeting someone for the first time. So, if someone says to you "很高兴认识你," you should also reply "我也很高兴认识你." Or you can say " 我也是 ".  Here, "也” means "also, too”.


Vocabulary to know

00:00 / 00:01

你 [ nǐ ] (pron)

you

00:00 / 00:02

你从哪里来?

nǐ cóng nǎ lǐ lái ?

Where are you from?

00:00 / 00:01

好 [ hǎo ] (adj)

good, fine

00:00 / 00:03

我爷爷的身体很好。

wǒ yé ye de shēn tǐ hěn hǎo 。

My grandpa is in good health.

00:00 / 00:01

您 [ nín ] (pron)

(polite)you

00:00 / 00:03

您是我们的老师吗?

nín shì wǒ men de lǎo shī ma ?

Are you our teacher?

00:00 / 00:01

你们 [ nǐ men ] (pron)

(plural)you

00:00 / 00:03

你们都是学生吗?

nǐ men dōu shì xué shēng ma ?

Are you all students?

00:00 / 00:01

叫 [ jiào ] (v)

to call, to be called

00:00 / 00:02

你叫什么名字?

nǐ jiào shén me míng zi ?

What is your name?

00:00 / 00:01

什么 [ shén me ] (pron)

what

00:00 / 00:02

他在说什么?

tā zài shuō shén me ?

What is he saying?

00:00 / 00:02

名字 [ míng zi ] (n)

name

00:00 / 00:03

你有中文名字吗?

nǐ yǒu zhōng wén míng zi ma ?

Do you have a chinese name?

00:00 / 00:01

很 [ hěn ] (adv)

very, quite

00:00 / 00:02

我很高兴认识你。

wǒ hěn gāo xìng rèn shi nǐ 。

I'm glad to meet you.

00:00 / 00:01

高兴 [ gāo xìng ] (adj)

glad, happy

00:00 / 00:04

他考上了心仪的大学,高兴极了。

tā kǎo shàng le xīn yí de dà xué ,gāo xìng jí le 。

He was admitted to his favorite university and was very happy.

Recap

00:00 / 00:56

这节课呢,我们学习了如何用汉语进行自我介绍,首先我们要向别人打招呼说 “你好” ,之后要向别人介绍自己的名字 “我叫……” ,介绍完自己的名字如果你想知道别人的名字,就可以询问 “你叫什么名字” 。 认识了别人,你可以礼貌的对他说 “很高兴认识你” ,这样一个简单又实用的介绍就完成了。


要注意 “你好” 和 “您” 的发音,还要记得 “您” 是 “你” 的礼貌用语。


In this class, we have learned how to introduce ourselves in Chinese. First, we have to say "你好" to others, then introduce yourself as "我叫...". Afterwards if you want to know someone's name, you can ask "你叫什么名字?". Once you get to know someone, you can politely say "很高兴认识你." this is the completion of a simple and useful introduction.


Pay attention to the pronunciation of“你好”and“您”, remember that“您”is a polite way of saying "you".

 

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