Open Class Chinese - Daily Mandarin-

What day is today?

Hi, how are you all doing? What’s the date for you today? I wrote up this lesson material on the 16th of June, 2020. How far ago is it from your current time?

Warm Up

00:00 / 00:58

大家好,欢迎大家来到 Happy School Online 学习汉语,刚才我已经询问了大家当你学习这节课的时候, 你所在的日期,因为我们都知道,日常生活中,日期的表达很重要,当你有一天来到中国,有个中国朋友问你“请问今天是几号?”,他可能不会英语,那么你就要用汉语去回答说:比如今天是16th Jun 2020, 即是 2020 年 6 月 16 号 / 日。


Hi Everyone! Welcome to Happy School Online for mandarin learning. Earlier I asked for the date that you are learning this lesson on. As we all know, dates are very important daily language. One random day in China, your Chinese friend may ask you “请问今天是几号?”  He may not speak English so you will have to respond in Chinese, for an example: today’s date is 16th of June, 2020. Which is 2020 年 6 月 16 号 / 日.


所以今天我们要学习的两个很重要的句子就是:

请问今天是几号?

回答:今天是 2020 年 6 月 16 号 / 日。


So, two of very important sentences we are learning today are:

What is the day today?

Answer: Today is 16th of June 2020.


我们一起来看对话吧!


Let us have a look at the following conversation.

Listen to conversation

Today, Nono kept asking his mother what's the date today, because he wanted to know when his birthday would come.

Play the audio track

00:00 / 00:44

妈妈, 今天是哪一年几月几号星期几?

mā ma , jīn tiān shì nǎ yì nián jǐ yuè jǐ hào xīng qī jǐ ?

Mom, what’s the date and what day is it today?

00:00 / 00:06

今天是2019年6月11号, 星期四,有什么事吗?

jīn tiān shì 2019 nián 6 yuè 11 hào , xīng qī sì ,yǒu shén me shì ma ?

Today is June 11, 2019, Thursday. What’s the matter?

00:00 / 00:07

那前天呢?

nà qián tiān ne ?

What about the day before yesterday?

00:00 / 00:02

前天就是 6 月 9 号啊!

qián tiān shì 6 yuè 9 hào a!

The day before yesterday was June 9th.

00:00 / 00:03

那昨天呢?

nà zuó tiān ne ?

What about yesterday?

00:00 / 00:03

昨天就是 6 月 10 号啊!

zuó tiān jiù shì 6yuè 10hào a !

Yesterday was June 10th.

00:00 / 00:03

那明天呢?

nà míng tiān ne ?

What about tomorrow?

00:00 / 00:03

明天就是 6 月 12 号啊!

míng tiān jiù shì 6 yuè 12 hào a !

Tomorrow is June 12th.

00:00 / 00:04

那后天呢?

nà hòu tiān ne ?

What about the day after tomorrow?

00:00 / 00:03

Content

00:00 / 03:48

今天的对话很有意思啊,不知道大家看懂了没有,大致的意思就是女儿不停地问妈妈什么时候是她的生日,最后闹了一场有趣的笑话,这个女儿真的很可爱。 好,我们一起来分析对话。


Today’s conversation is really interesting, not sure if everyone has gotten the story here. Basically, the daughter kept on asking her mom when will it be her birthday. It all ended up being a joke, this daughter was too cute.  Ok, let’s all analyze this conversation.


第一句话女儿就问妈妈:今天是哪一年几月几号,星期几 ?   这一句话里面包含了 "年、月、日、星期" 。   “年” 意思是 "Year", “月” 意思是 "Month", “日” 意思是 “Day”, “星期” 的意思是 “Week”, “几” 是一个疑问代词,没有实际的意思。今天是哪一年几月几号,星期几?  这句话的意思就是 What’s the date and What day is it today?


First thing the daughter asked her mom:  今天是哪一年几月几号,星期几? This sentence includes the year, month, day, the week.   “年” mean "Year", “月” means "Month",   “日” means "Day",   “星期” means "Week",   “几” is the interrogative pronoun, none specific.   今天是哪一年几月几号星期几 ?   This sentence is saying “What’s the year, month, day and the week today?


妈妈回答说:今天是 2019 年 6 月 11 号,星期四,有什么事吗?   与英语不同,汉语表达日期的顺序是:年 + 月 + 日 + 星期,是从大到小的顺序来表达的,比如妈妈说的:今天是 2019 年 6 月 11 号,星期四。 

我们也可以多举几个例子,今天是 2020 年 5 月 20 号,星期三; 昨天是 2020 年 6 月 15 号,星期一。


Mom said, Today’s 11th of June, 2019, Thursday, what’s the matter? It’s different from English. Chinese express dates by Year + Month + Day + Week, with decreasing order of importance. For an example mom said:  今天是 2019 年 6 月 11 号,星期四,   we can also say 今天是 2020 年 5 月 20号,星期三 or  昨天是 2020 年 6 月 15 号,星期一.


另外,妈妈问女儿:有什么事吗?这句话的意思是 What's the matter?很简单的一句话,不用多说,但也要多练习,日常口语很重要。


Plus, mom asked daughter: 有什么事吗? This sentence means “What’s the matter?” A simple sentence no need to elaborate, however should also practice more of it, since daily conversation is very important.


接着女儿又问了妈妈 “前天 / 昨天 / 明天 / 后天” 分别是几号?  妈妈根据时间的推算也都告诉了女儿,这里要重点讲一下 “前天 / 昨天 / 明天 / 后天” 这几个词语的意思。


The daughter followed up with another question to mom “前天 / 昨天 / 明天 / 后天” 分别是几号?  The mom described everything to the daughter based on precise time estimates. At this point, this sentence “前天 / 昨天 / 明天 / 后天”  should be emphasized a little more.


“前天” 的意思就是 The day before yesterday,   “昨天” 的意思是 Yesterday, “明天” 就是 Tomorrow, “后天” 就是 The day after tomorrow。 这几个词语希望大家能够背下来。


“前天” means the day before yesterday, “昨天” means yesterday, “明天” means tomorrow, and “后天”is the day after tomorrow. I hope everyone can memorize these words.


女儿为什么要不停地问日期呢,她说:到底什么时候才是我的生日呢?原来她是想知道什么时候才是她的生日,“到底” 的意思是 "on earth"。


Why did the daughter kept on asking about the dates, she said:  到底什么时候才是我的生日呢?  Because she wanted to know when will be her birthday. “到底” means "on earth".


那她的生日是什么时候呢?  她说:要多长时间才能到 2011 年 03 月 31 日,星期五。  小朋友,时间可不会倒流回 2011 年啊,以后每年的 3 月 31 日都是你的生日哦,要是小朋友知道这个消息一定会很开心的。


When will be her birthday? She said: it will be a long time till 2011年 03 月31 日, 星期五. Children don’t quite understand the dates doesn’t reverse back to 2011, 31stof June, instead each following year will be her birthday, that girl will be really happy if she hears about this.


这里的 “多长时间” 就是 How long。

好了,这些就是今天的对话精讲部分,如果一时看不懂,可以多回放几遍。


Here, “多长时间” means "How much time".

Ok then, those are the highlights of the today’s conversation. You can replay this several more times if you don’t understand it at first.

Vocabulary to know

00:00 / 00:01

今天【jīn tiān】(n)

Today

00:00 / 00:03

今天的天气真好。

jīn tiān de tiān qì zhēn hǎo 。

The weather today is good.

00:00 / 00:02

年【nián】(n)

Year

00:00 / 00:03

年是一个时间单位。

nián shì yí ge shí jiān dān wèi 。

What day is today?

00:00 / 00:01

月【yuè】(n)

Month

00:00 / 00:03

你这个月的业绩如何?

nǐ zhè ge yuè de yè jì rú hé ?

How was your performance this month?

00:00 / 00:01

号【hào】(n)

Day

00:00 / 00:03

今天20号。

jīn tiān 20 hào 。

Today is the 20th.

00:00 / 00:02

星期【xīng qī】(n)

Week

00:00 / 00:03

他忙了一个星期。

tā máng le yí ge xīng qī 。

He had a busy week.

00:00 / 00:02

昨天【zuó tiān】(n)

Yesterday

00:00 / 00:03

你昨天去购物了吗?

nǐ zuó tiān qù gòu wù le ma ?

Did you go shopping yesterday?

00:00 / 00:02

明天【míng tiān】(n)

Tomorrow

00:00 / 00:03

你明天有空吗?

nǐ míng tiān yǒu kòng ma ?

Are you free tommorrow?

00:00 / 00:02

后天【hòu tiān】(n)

The day after tomorrow

00:00 / 00:03

后天是你的生日吗?

hòu tiān shì nǐ de shēng rì ma ?

Is your birthday the day after tomorrow?

00:00 / 00:02

前天【qián tiān】(n)

The day before yesterday

00:00 / 00:03

你前天去哪里了?

nǐ qián tiān qù nǎ lǐ le ?

Where did you go the day before yesterday?

Rules of Grammar

日期的表达:年、月、日/号、星期
Expression Of a date : year, month, date, day of the week

汉语的日期表达是遵循从大到小的原则,先是年、月,再是日/号,最后是星期。

In Chinese dates are expressed by Year + Month + Day + Week, with decreasing order of importance.

Example: 

  • 今天是2018年8月1号,星期三。
    jīn tiān shì 2018nián 8yuè 1hào ,xīng qī sān 。
    Today is year 2018, August 1st, Wednesday.


  • 2019年11月22日,星期五。
    2019nián 11yuè 22rì ,xīng qī wǔ 。
    Friday, November 22, 2019.


  • 2020年6月16号,星期二。
    2020nián 6yuè 16hào ,xīng qī èr 。
    Tuesday, June 16, 2020.

Recap

00:00 / 00:53

学习完了这节课的内容,我们来复习一下。

这节课我们学习了汉语中日期的表达,日期的表达模式是从大到小:年、月、日/号,星期,还有一句很重要的话:今天几号了? What's the date today?


Let us have a review here after studying over the class material.

In this class we learned the way dates are expressed in Chinese, its date model follows by Year + Month + Day + Week, with decreasing order of importance. Also an important sentence here: 今天几号了?  What's the date today?


“前天 / 昨天 / 明天 / 后天” 的意思,“前天” 的意思就是 The day before yesterday, “昨天” 的意思是 Yesterday, “明天” 就是 Tomorrow, “后天” 就是 The day after tomorrow。


Meanings of  “前天 / 昨天 / 明天 / 后天” , “前天” means The day before yesterday, “昨天” is yesterday, “明天” is Tomorrow,finally “后天” is The day after tomorrow。

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