Dunhuang Mural 敦煌壁画

Level 1

 
Transcript

在人类创造的所有财富中,

zài rén lèi chuàng zào de suǒ yǒu cái fù zhōng
Among the treasure people generated,


艺术财富,

yì shù cái fù
artistic treasure,

是很重要的一部分。

shì hěn zhòng yào de yí bù fen
remains an important part.


壁画也在巨大的艺术财富中占据了很重要的一部分。

ér bì huà yě zài jù dà de yì shù cái fù zhōng zhàn jùle hěn zhòng yào de yíbù fen

In the huge artistic treasure, mural stands a very important part.


壁画是墙壁上的艺术。

bì huà shì qiáng bì shàng de yì shù

The mural is the art on the wall.


就是人们把画直接在墙上。

jiù shì rén men bǎ huà zhí jiēhuà zài qiáng shàng

People draw pictures directly on the wall.


壁画作为建筑物的附属部分,

bì huà zuò wéi jiàn zhù wù de fù shǔ bù fen

As an attachment to buildings,

它的装饰美化功能发挥了很大的作用,

tā de zhuāng shì měi huà gōng néng fā huī le hěn dà de zuò yòng

it plays a great role in decoration and beautification,

而且壁画是人类历史上最早的绘画形式之一。

ér qiě bì huà shì rén lèi lì shǐ shàng zuì zǎo de huì huà xíng shì zhī yī

and it is one of the earliest drawing forms in the human history.


在中国汉朝时期,

zài zhōng guó hàn cháo shí qī
In the course of Han dynasty,

已经有在墙壁上作画的记载

yǐ jīng yǒu zài qiáng bì shàng zuò huà de jì zǎi le
there were records of paintings on walls.


大多数是在石窟,墓室或者寺庙的墙壁上。
dà duō shù shì zài shí kū ,mù shì huò zhě sì miào de qiáng bì shàng
Most of them were on the walls of caves, tombs or temples.

中国有很多石窟,

zhōng guó yǒu hěn duō shí kū
There are numerous stone grottoes in China,

石窟的墙壁上基本都有画,

shí kū de qiáng bì shàng jī běn dōu yǒu huà

all the walls are basically decorated with paintings,


这篇文章要讲的就是敦煌壁画。
zhè piān wén zhāng yào jiǎng de jiù shì dūn huáng bì huà

this article is about the Dunhuang mural.


敦煌在中国的西北部,

dūn huáng zài zhōng guó de xī běi bù

Dunhuang lies in the northwestern part of China,

敦煌壁画是敦煌艺术的重要组成部分。

dūn huáng bì huà shì dūn huáng yì shù de zhòng yào zǔ chéng bù fen
Dunhuang mural stands an important component in the Dunhuang Art.


敦煌壁画内容非常丰富,

dūn huáng bì huà nèi róng fēi cháng fēng fù ,

The contents of the Dunhuang mural are very rich,

壁画的数量非常的多,

bì huà de shù liàng fēi cháng de duō ,
there are numerious murals,


而且壁画的绘画技艺很高超。

ér qiě bì huà de huì huà jì yì hěn gāo chāo 。
and the mural painting skills are very high.

壁画主要描绘了神的各种姿态

bì huà de zhǔ yào miáo huì le shén de gè zhǒng zī tài
The main part of the mural depicts the various poses of the gods,


其中最有名的就是敦煌的飞天舞,

qí zhōng zuì yǒu míng de jiù shì dūn huáng de fēi tiān wǔ
of which the Flying Dance of the Dunhuang mural enjoys the most reputation,


更让人惊喜的是,

gèng ràng rén jīng xǐ de shì

even more surprising.


人们把敦煌壁画上的飞天舞,

rén men bǎ dūn huáng bì huà shàng de fēi tiān wǔ

People put the Flying Dance on the Dunhuang mural,


在现实生活中排练了出来。

zài xiàn shí shēng huó zhōng pái liàn le chū lái

adapted with rehearsed in actual life.


敦煌壁画因为它独特的艺术风格,

dūn huáng bì huà yīn wèi tā dú tè de yì shù fēng gé

Due to its unique artistic style,


吸引了非常多的人去观看,去拍照,

xī yǐn le fēi cháng duō de rén qù guān kàn ,qù pāi zhào

a lot of people are attracted to appreciate, to take photos,


这其实对壁画有很大的伤害

zhè qí shí duì bì huà yǒu hěn dà de shāng hài

posing harm to the murals,


所以好好保护壁画,

suǒ yǐ qǐng hǎo hǎo bǎo hù bì huà
and (we) thus need to well protect the mural,


这样才能让敦煌壁画流传千古。
zhè yàng cái néng ràng dūn huáng bì huà liú chuán qiān gǔ

in order to makes the Dunhuang mural profound and long standing.


Learning Vocabulary

财富 [ cái fù ] (n) - treasure

  • 他继承了一笔财富。
    tā jì chéng le yì bǐ cái fù
    He inherited a treasure.


壁画 [ bì huà ] (n) - mural

  • 这些壁画太漂亮啦!
    zhè xiē bì huà tài piāo liang la !
    How beautiful these murals are!


占据 [ zhàn jù ] (v) - to occupy, to take up

  • 这些废品占据了整个房间。
    zhè xiē fèi pǐn zhàn jù le zhěng ge fáng jiān
    The waste took up the whole room.


画 [ huà ] (v) - to paint, to draw

  • 这是你画的吗?
    zhè shì nǐ huà de ma
    Did you draw this?


发挥 [ fā huī ] (v) - to play

  • 他这次考试发挥超常。
    tā zhè cì kǎo shì fā huī chāo cháng
    He played exceptionally well in the exam.


石窟 [ shí kū ] (n) - stone grottoes

  • 我们昨天去参观石窟了。
    wǒ men zuó tiān qù cān guān shí kū le
    We visited the stone grottoes yesterday.


姿态 [ zī tài ] (n) - posture

  • 这些画像的姿态都很美丽。
    zhè xiē huà xiàng de zī tài dōu hěn měi lì
    The posture of these portraits is very beautiful.


伤害 [ shāng hài ] (v) - to hurt

  • 请不要伤害动物。
    qǐng búyào shāng hài dòng wù
    Please don't hurt animals.


Learning Grammar

“了”表示完成或者发生

“了”Indicating Occurrence or Completion


“了”一般用于句尾,表示某种情况完成或者发生;“了”也用于动词后带宾语,动词后的宾语一般要有定语,比如数量词,形容词或者代词作定语。


"了" is usually used at the end of a sentence to indicate that something has been done or happened. "了" is also used after a verb with an object. The object after the verb usually has an attribute, such as quantifier, adjective or pronoun.


Examples:


我买了一些水果。
I bought some fruit.


我做完作业了。
I have finished my homework.


我洗了几件衣服。
I did some laundry.





用“请”的祈使句

Imperative Sentence With “请”


动词“请”后面加上其他动词可以构成一种祈使句,用来表达希望,呼吁、建议。

The verb "请" can be followed by another verb to form an imperative sentence that expresses hope, appeal, or suggestion.


Examples:


  • 出门请随手关灯。
    Please turn off the light when you go out.


  • 请不要乱扔垃圾。
    Please don't litter.


  • 请不要污染水资源。
    Please don't pollute the water.

Transcript

在人类创造的所有财富中,

zài rén lèi chuàng zào de suǒ yǒu cái fù zhōng
Among the treasure people generated,


艺术财富,

yì shù cái fù
artistic treasure,

是很重要的一部分。

shì hěn zhòng yào de yí bù fen
remains an important part.


而壁画也在巨大的艺术财富中占据了很重要的一部分,

ér bì huà yě zài jù dà de yì shù cái fù zhōng zhàn jù le hěn zhòng yào de yíbù fen

In the huge artistic treasure, mural stands a very important part.


壁画是墙壁上的艺术。

bì huà shì qiáng bì shàng de yì shù

The mural is the art on the wall.


就是人们把画直接画在墙上。

jiù shì rén men bǎ huà zhí jiē huà zài qiáng shàng

People draw pictures directly on the wall.


壁画作为建筑物的附属部分,

bì huà zuò wéi jiàn zhù wù de fù shǔ bù fen

As an attachment to buildings,

它的装饰美化功能发挥了很大的作用,

tā de zhuāng shì měi huà gōng néng fā huī le hěn dà de zuò yòng

it plays a great role in decoration and beautification,

而且壁画是人类历史上最早的绘画形式之一。

ér qiě bì huà shì rén lèi lì shǐ shàng zuì zǎo de huì huà xíng shì zhī yī

and it is one of the earliest drawing forms in the human history.


在中国汉朝时期,

zài zhōng guó hàn cháo shí qī
In the course of Han dynasty,

已经有在墙壁上作画的记载了,

yǐ jīng yǒu zài qiáng bì shàng zuò huà de jì zǎi le
there were records of paintings on walls.


大多数是在石窟,墓室或者寺庙的墙壁上。
dà duō shù shì zài shí kū ,mù shì huò zhě sì miào de qiáng bì shàng
Most of them were on the walls of caves, tombs or temples.

中国有很多石窟,

zhōng guó yǒu hěn duō shí kū
There are numerous stone grottoes in China,

石窟的墙壁上基本都有画

shí kū de qiáng bì shàng jī běn dōu yǒu huà

all the walls are basically decorated with paintings,


这篇文章要讲的就是敦煌壁画。
zhè piān wén zhāng yào jiǎng de jiù shì dūn huáng bì huà

this article is about the Dunhuang mural.


敦煌是在中国的西北部,

dūn huáng zài zhōng guó dexī běi

Dunhuang lies in the northwestern part of China,

敦煌壁画是敦煌艺术的重要组成部分。

dūn huáng bì huà shì dūn huáng yì shù de zhòng yào zǔ chéng bù fen
Dunhuang mural stands an important component in the Dunhuang Art.


敦煌壁画内容非常丰富,

dūn huáng bì huà nèi róng fēi cháng fēng fù

The contents of Dunhuang mural are very rich,
 
壁画的数量非常的多,

bì huà de shù liàng fēi cháng de duō
there are numerous murals,


而且壁画的绘画技艺很高超。

ér qiě bì huà de huì huà jì yì hěn gāo chāo
and the mural painting skills are very high.

壁画主要描绘了神的各种姿态。

bì huà de zhǔ yào miáo huì le shén de gè zhǒng zī tài
The main part of the mural depicts the various poses of the gods,


其中最有名的就是敦煌的飞天舞,

qí zhōng zuì yǒu míng de jiù shì dūn huáng de fēi tiān wǔ
of which the Flying Dance of the Dunhuang mural enjoys the most reputation,


更让人惊喜的是,

gèng ràng rén jīng xǐ de shì

even more surprising.


人们把敦煌壁画上的飞天舞,

rén men bǎ dūn huáng bì huà shàng de fēi tiān wǔ

People put the Flying Dance on the Dunhuang mural,


在现实生活中排练了出来。

zài xiàn shí shēng huó zhōng pái liàn le chū lái

adapted with rehearsed in actual life.


因为敦煌壁画独特的艺术风格,

yīn wèi dūn huáng bì huà dú tè de yì shù fēng gé

Due to its unique artistic style,


所以吸引了非常多的人去观看,去拍照临摹,

suǒ yǐ xī yǐn le fēi cháng duō de rén qù guān kàn ,qù pāi zhào lín mó

a lot of people are attracted to appreciate, to take photos,


敦煌壁画在给予了人们很多灵感的同时,

dūn huáng bì huà zài gěi yǔ le rén men hěn duō líng gǎn de tóng shí

While the Dunhuang mural gave people a lot of inspiration,


也受到了伤害。

yě shòu dào le shāng hài
it also poses harm (to the murals).


因此为了能让我们的后代看到美丽的敦煌壁画,
yīn cǐ wéi le néng ràng wǒ men de hòu dài kàn dào měi lì de dūn huáng bì huà

Therefore, in order to let our descendants to appreciate the beautiful Dunhuang mural,


我们应该保护好壁画,
wǒ men yīng gāi bǎo hù hǎo bì huà

we need to well protect the murals,


这样才会使敦煌壁画源远流长。

zhè yàng cái huì shǐ dūn huáng bì huà yuán yuǎn liú zhǎng

to make the Dunhuang mural profound and long standing.


Learning Vocabulary

墙壁 [ qiáng bì ] (n) - wall

  • 墙壁上爬了一只壁虎。
    qiáng bìshang pále yìzhībìhǔ 。
    A gecko climbed on the wall.


附属 [ fùshǔ ](n) - attachment

  • 壁画是建筑的附属部分。
    bìhuàshìjiàn zhùde fùshǔbùfen
    The mural is an attachment part of the building.


装饰 [ zhuāng shì ] (v) - to decorate

  • 我的房间被装饰的好看极了。
    wǒde fáng jiān bèi zhuāng shìde hǎo kàn jíle
    My room is beautifully decorated.


记载 [ jìzǎi ](n)(v) - record

  • 这些故事都被记载在书上了。
    zhèxiēgùshìdōu bèi jìzǎi zài shūshàng le
    These stories are recorded in books.


墓室 [ mù shì ] (n) – tomb

  • 帝王的墓室很大。
    dìwáng de mùshìhěn dà
    The emperor's tomb was large.


西北 [ xī běi ] (n) – Northwest

  • 西北方向有一只狼。
    xīběi fāng xiàng yǒu yìzhīláng
    There is a wolf in the northwest.


源远流长 [ yuán yuǎn liú cháng ] (adj) - profound and long standing

  • 希望我们人类的艺术可以源远流长。
    xī wàng wǒmen rén lèi de yì shù kě yǐ yuán yuǎn liú zhǎng
    May our human arts be profound and long standing.


Learning Grammar

关联词“因为……,所以……”

The Pair of Conjunctions “因为……,所以……”


他们是连接两个表示因果关系的分句,“因为”表示原因,“所以”表示结果。他们可以成对出现,也可以只出现一个。


They are connected by two clauses, "因为" means cause , "所以" means effect. They can appear in pairs or just one.


Examples:

  • 因为他找到真爱了,所以他很幸福。
    He is happy because he has found true love.


  • 因为敦煌壁画很很好看,所以吸引了许多人。
    As the Dunhuang murals are so beautiful, they attract many people.


  • 我今天没去学校,因为我生病了。
    I didn't go to school today because I was ill.

Transcript

在人类创造的所有财富中,

zài rén lèi chuàng zào de suǒ yǒu cái fù zhōng
Among the treasure people generated,


艺术财富,

yì shù cái fù
artistic treasure,

是很重要的一部分。

shì hěn zhòng yào de yí bù fen
remains an important part.


在巨大的艺术财富中,

zài jù dà de yì shù cái fù zhōng

In the huge artistic one,


壁画独占一隅
bì huà dú zhàn yì yú

mural stands an exclusive corner.


壁画是墙壁上的艺术。

bì huà shì qiáng bì shàng de yì shù

The mural is the art on the wall.


就是人们画直接画在墙上。

jiù shì rén men huà zhí jiē huà zài qiáng shàng

People draw pictures directly on the wall.
 
壁画作为建筑物的附属部分,

bì huà zuò wéi jiàn zhù wù de fù shǔ bù fen

As an attachment to buildings,

它的装饰美化功能发挥了很大的作用,

tā de zhuāng shì měi huà gōng néng fā huī le hěn dà de zuò yòng

it plays a great role in decoration and beautification,

而且壁画是人类历史上最早的绘画形式之一。

ér qiě bì huà shì rén lèi lì shǐ shàng zuì zǎo de huì huà xíng shì zhī yī

and it is one of the earliest drawing forms in the human history.


在中国汉朝时期,

zài zhōng guó hàn cháo shí qī
In the course of Han dynasty,

已经有在墙壁上作画的记载了,

yǐ jīng yǒu zài qiáng bì shàng zuò huà de jì zǎi le
there were records of paintings on walls.


大多数是在石窟,墓室或者寺庙的墙壁上。
dà duō shù shì zài shí kū ,mù shì huò zhě sì miào de qiáng bì shàng
Most of them were on the walls of caves, tombs or temples.

中国有很多石窟,

zhōng guó yǒu hěn duō shí kū
There are numerous stone grottoes in China,

石窟的墙壁上基本都有画,

shí kū de qiáng bì shàng jī běn dōu yǒu huà

all the walls are basically decorated with paintings,


这篇文章要讲的就是敦煌壁画。
zhè piān wén zhāng yào jiǎng de jiù shì dūn huáng bì huà

this article is about the Dunhuang mural.


敦煌在中国的西北部,

dūn huáng zài zhōng guó de xī běi bù ,

Dunhuang lies in the northwestern part of Chin,

敦煌壁画是敦煌艺术的重要组成部分。

dūn huáng bì huà shì dūn huáng yì shù de zhòng yào zǔ chéng bù fen
Dunhuang mural stands an important component in the Dunhuang Art.


敦煌壁画风格迥异,姿态万千,

dūn huáng bì huà fēng gé jiǒng yì ,zī tài wàn qiān

The Dunhuang mural boasts different styles, diverse gestures,

而且壁画规模宏大,技艺精湛

ér qiě bì huà guī mó hóng dà ,jì yì jīng zhàn
with magnificence and exquisite craftsmanship.


壁画主要描绘了神的各种姿态,

bì huà de zhǔ yào miáo huì le shén de gè zhǒng zī tài
The main part of the mural depicts the various poses of the gods,


其中最有名的就是敦煌的飞天舞,

qí zhōng zuì yǒu míng de jiù shì dūn huáng de fēi tiān wǔ ,
of which the Flying Dance of the Dunhuang mural enjoys the most reputation,


更让人惊喜的是,

gèng ràng rén jīng xǐ de shì ,

even more surprising.


人们把敦煌壁画上的飞天舞,

rén men bǎ dūn huáng bì huà shàng de fēi tiān wǔ ,

People put the Flying Dance on the Dunhuang mural,


在现实生活中排练了出来。

zài xiàn shí shēng huó zhōng pái liàn le chū lái 。

adapted with rehearsed in actual life.


敦煌壁画因为它独特的艺术风格,

dūn huáng bì huà yīn wèi tā dú tè de yì shù fēng gé ,

Due to its unique artistic style,


吸引了非常多的人去欣赏

xī yǐn le fēi cháng duō de rén qù xīn shǎng

a lot of people are attracted to appreciate,


也给予了人们很多灵感

yě gěi yǔ le rén men hěn duōlíng gǎn

and gain some inspiration.


任何时候艺术都离不开创新

rèn hé shí hou yì shù dōu lí bù kāi chuàng xīn
Art will fail without innovation anytime,


敦煌壁画将现代艺术和传统艺术结合在一起,
dūn huáng bì huà jiāng xiàn dài yì shù hé chuán tǒng yì shù jié hé zài yì qǐ

with an integration between modern art and traditional one,


才会使敦煌壁画源远流长。
cái huì shǐ dūn huáng bì huà yuán yuǎn liú zhǎng
it makes the Dunhuang mural profound and long standing.


Learning Vocabulary

独占一隅 [ dú zhàn yì yú ] - exclusive corner

  • 我的书在我狭小的房间里独占一隅。
    wǒde shūzài wǒxiáxiǎo de fáng jiān lǐdúzhàn yìyú
    My books cover an exclusive corner in my tiny room.


寺庙 [ sì miào ] (n) - temple

  • 远处的小山上有一座寺庙。
    yuǎn chùde xiǎo shān shàng yǒu yízuòsìmiào
    There is a temple in the remote hill.


风格迥异 [ fēng géjiǒng yì ] - different styles

  • 这本书风格迥异,我很喜欢。
    zhèběn shūfēng géjiǒng yì ,wǒhěn xǐhuan
    I like the book home to different styles.


技艺精湛 [ jì yì jīng zhàn ] - exquisite craftsmanship

  • 因为他技艺精湛,所以很多人喜欢他的作品。
    yīn wéi tājìyìjīng zhàn ,suǒyǐhěn duōrén xǐhuan tāde zuòpǐn
    In the light of his exquisite craftsmanship, many people are fond of his works.


排练 [ pái liàn ] (v) - to rehearsal

  • 他们正在排练节目。
    tāmen zhèng zài pái liàn jiémù 。
    They are rehearsing their programme.


灵感 [ líng gǎn ] (n) - afflatus, inspiration

  • 大自然给了她灵感。
    dàzìrán gěi le tālíng gǎn
    She gains an inspiration from the nature.


创新 [ chuàng xīn ](v) - to innovate

  • 创新才会进步。
    chuàng xīn cái huìjìn bù
    Innovation leads to progress.


Learning Grammar

把字句:A把B+ V +在/到/给
The Ba Sentence: A把B+ V +在/到/给


在汉语中,对某人或者某事物做出某些动作,使其位置发生相应的改变,多用“把”字句表达。


In Chinese, to make some action to someone or something, so that the position of the corresponding change, the use of "把" sentence expression.


Examples:


  • 你把书放到桌子上吧。
    You put the book on the desk.


  • 他们把画挂在墙上了。
    They hung the drawing on the wall.


  • 我妈妈把花搬到了阳台上。
    My mother moved the flowers to the balcony.