Dunhuang Mural 敦煌壁画

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Transcript

在人类创造的所有财富中,

zài rén lèi chuàng zào de suǒ yǒu cái fù zhōng
Among the treasure people generated,


艺术财富,

yì shù cái fù
artistic treasure,

是很重要的一部分。

shì hěn zhòng yào de yí bù fen
remains an important part.


壁画也在巨大的艺术财富中占据了很重要的一部分。

ér bì huà yě zài jù dà de yì shù cái fù zhōng zhàn jùle hěn zhòng yào de yíbù fen

In the huge artistic treasure, mural stands a very important part.


壁画是墙壁上的艺术。

bì huà shì qiáng bì shàng de yì shù

The mural is the art on the wall.


就是人们把画直接在墙上。

jiù shì rén men bǎ huà zhí jiēhuà zài qiáng shàng

People draw pictures directly on the wall.


壁画作为建筑物的附属部分,

bì huà zuò wéi jiàn zhù wù de fù shǔ bù fen

As an attachment to buildings,

它的装饰美化功能发挥了很大的作用,

tā de zhuāng shì měi huà gōng néng fā huī le hěn dà de zuò yòng

it plays a great role in decoration and beautification,

而且壁画是人类历史上最早的绘画形式之一。

ér qiě bì huà shì rén lèi lì shǐ shàng zuì zǎo de huì huà xíng shì zhī yī

and it is one of the earliest drawing forms in the human history.


在中国汉朝时期,

zài zhōng guó hàn cháo shí qī
In the course of Han dynasty,

已经有在墙壁上作画的记载

yǐ jīng yǒu zài qiáng bì shàng zuò huà de jì zǎi le
there were records of paintings on walls.


大多数是在石窟,墓室或者寺庙的墙壁上。
dà duō shù shì zài shí kū ,mù shì huò zhě sì miào de qiáng bì shàng
Most of them were on the walls of caves, tombs or temples.

中国有很多石窟,

zhōng guó yǒu hěn duō shí kū
There are numerous stone grottoes in China,

石窟的墙壁上基本都有画,

shí kū de qiáng bì shàng jī běn dōu yǒu huà

all the walls are basically decorated with paintings,


这篇文章要讲的就是敦煌壁画。
zhè piān wén zhāng yào jiǎng de jiù shì dūn huáng bì huà

this article is about the Dunhuang mural.


敦煌在中国的西北部,

dūn huáng zài zhōng guó de xī běi bù

Dunhuang lies in the northwestern part of China,

敦煌壁画是敦煌艺术的重要组成部分。

dūn huáng bì huà shì dūn huáng yì shù de zhòng yào zǔ chéng bù fen
Dunhuang mural stands an important component in the Dunhuang Art.


敦煌壁画内容非常丰富,

dūn huáng bì huà nèi róng fēi cháng fēng fù ,

The contents of the Dunhuang mural are very rich,

壁画的数量非常的多,

bì huà de shù liàng fēi cháng de duō ,
there are numerious murals,


而且壁画的绘画技艺很高超。

ér qiě bì huà de huì huà jì yì hěn gāo chāo 。
and the mural painting skills are very high.

壁画主要描绘了神的各种姿态

bì huà de zhǔ yào miáo huì le shén de gè zhǒng zī tài
The main part of the mural depicts the various poses of the gods,


其中最有名的就是敦煌的飞天舞,

qí zhōng zuì yǒu míng de jiù shì dūn huáng de fēi tiān wǔ
of which the Flying Dance of the Dunhuang mural enjoys the most reputation,


更让人惊喜的是,

gèng ràng rén jīng xǐ de shì

even more surprising.


人们把敦煌壁画上的飞天舞,

rén men bǎ dūn huáng bì huà shàng de fēi tiān wǔ

People put the Flying Dance on the Dunhuang mural,


在现实生活中排练了出来。

zài xiàn shí shēng huó zhōng pái liàn le chū lái

adapted with rehearsed in actual life.


敦煌壁画因为它独特的艺术风格,

dūn huáng bì huà yīn wèi tā dú tè de yì shù fēng gé

Due to its unique artistic style,


吸引了非常多的人去观看,去拍照,

xī yǐn le fēi cháng duō de rén qù guān kàn ,qù pāi zhào

a lot of people are attracted to appreciate, to take photos,


这其实对壁画有很大的伤害

zhè qí shí duì bì huà yǒu hěn dà de shāng hài

posing harm to the murals,


所以好好保护壁画,

suǒ yǐ qǐng hǎo hǎo bǎo hù bì huà
and (we) thus need to well protect the mural,


这样才能让敦煌壁画流传千古。
zhè yàng cái néng ràng dūn huáng bì huà liú chuán qiān gǔ

in order to makes the Dunhuang mural profound and long standing.


Learning Vocabulary

财富 [ cái fù ] (n) - treasure

  • 他继承了一笔财富。
    tā jì chéng le yì bǐ cái fù
    He inherited a treasure.


壁画 [ bì huà ] (n) - mural

  • 这些壁画太漂亮啦!
    zhè xiē bì huà tài piāo liang la !
    How beautiful these murals are!


占据 [ zhàn jù ] (v) - to occupy, to take up

  • 这些废品占据了整个房间。
    zhè xiē fèi pǐn zhàn jù le zhěng ge fáng jiān
    The waste took up the whole room.


画 [ huà ] (v) - to paint, to draw

  • 这是你画的吗?
    zhè shì nǐ huà de ma
    Did you draw this?


发挥 [ fā huī ] (v) - to play

  • 他这次考试发挥超常。
    tā zhè cì kǎo shì fā huī chāo cháng
    He played exceptionally well in the exam.


石窟 [ shí kū ] (n) - stone grottoes

  • 我们昨天去参观石窟了。
    wǒ men zuó tiān qù cān guān shí kū le
    We visited the stone grottoes yesterday.


姿态 [ zī tài ] (n) - posture

  • 这些画像的姿态都很美丽。
    zhè xiē huà xiàng de zī tài dōu hěn měi lì
    The posture of these portraits is very beautiful.


伤害 [ shāng hài ] (v) - to hurt

  • 请不要伤害动物。
    qǐng búyào shāng hài dòng wù
    Please don't hurt animals.


Learning Grammar

“了”表示完成或者发生

“了”Indicating Occurrence or Completion


“了”一般用于句尾,表示某种情况完成或者发生;“了”也用于动词后带宾语,动词后的宾语一般要有定语,比如数量词,形容词或者代词作定语。


"了" is usually used at the end of a sentence to indicate that something has been done or happened. "了" is also used after a verb with an object. The object after the verb usually has an attribute, such as quantifier, adjective or pronoun.


Examples:


我买了一些水果。
I bought some fruit.


我做完作业了。
I have finished my homework.


我洗了几件衣服。
I did some laundry.





用“请”的祈使句

Imperative Sentence With “请”


动词“请”后面加上其他动词可以构成一种祈使句,用来表达希望,呼吁、建议。

The verb "请" can be followed by another verb to form an imperative sentence that expresses hope, appeal, or suggestion.


Examples:


  • 出门请随手关灯。
    Please turn off the light when you go out.


  • 请不要乱扔垃圾。
    Please don't litter.


  • 请不要污染水资源。
    Please don't pollute the water.

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