Embroidery 刺绣

Level 1

 
Transcript

刺绣是中国一个很传统的工艺

cì xiù shì zhōng guó yígè hěn chuán tǒng de gōng yì
Embroidery is a very traditional Chinese craft.


刺绣是用穿着彩色的线,
cì xiù shì yòng zhēn chuān zhe cǎi sè de xiàn,
Embroidery is the wearing of colored thread with a needle,


将设计的花纹在纺织品上,
jiāng shè jì de huā wén xiùzài fǎng zhī pǐn shàng
apply the design pattern to the textile


可以绣出各种各样的花纹
kě yǐ xiù chū gè zhǒng gè yàng de huā wén
to embroider a variety of patterns


各种各样的图案,非常漂亮
gè zhǒng gè yàng de tú àn ,fēi cháng piāo liang
and a variety of graphics, they are very beautiful.


刺绣在中国有着2000年的历史了,
cì xiù zài zhōng guó yǒu zhe liǎng qiān nián de lì shǐ le ,
Embroidery has a history of 2,000 years in China,


各个朝代有各个朝代的特色。
gè gè cháo dài yǒu gè gè cháo dài de tè sè。
each dynasty has its specialty.


刺绣对手工工艺的要求非常高,
cì xiù duì shǒu gōng gōng yì de yào qiú fēi cháng gāo ,
Embroidery requires a high degree of craftsmanship,


很多人都是了很长时间才学会的。
hěn duō rén dōu shì huā le hěn zhǎng shí jiān cái xué huì de。
a lot of people take a long time to master it.


刺绣不仅在中国受欢迎,
cì xiù bù jǐn zài zhōng guó shòu huān yíng ,
Embroidery is not only popular in China,


在国外也很受欢迎。
zài guó wài yě hěn shòu huān yíng 。
but also very popular abroad.


我希望刺绣会越来越好,
wǒ xī wàng cì xiù kě yǐ yuè lái yuè hǎo ,
I hope embroidery would get better and better,


让越来越多的人喜欢。
ràng yuè lái yuè duō de rén xǐ huan ,
let more people like it.


Learning Vocabulary
  • 刺绣 [ cì xiù ] (n) embroidery
    刺绣非常漂亮。
    cì xiù fēi cháng piāo liàng 。
    The embroidery is very beautiful.


  • 传统的 [ chuán tǒng de ] (adj) traditional
    春节是一个传统的节日。
    chūn jiē shì yígè chuán tǒng de jiē rì。
    Spring Festival (Chinese New Year) is a traditional festival.


  • 针 [ zhēn ] (n) needle
    小孩子要小心针。
    xiǎo hái zǐ yào xiǎo xīn zhēn。
    Children should be careful of needles.


  • 绣 [ xiù ] (v) to embroidery
    他在衣服上绣了一只蜜蜂。
    tā zài yī fú shàng xiù le yī zhī mì fēng 。
    He embroidered a bee on his coat .


  • 花纹 [ huā wén ] (n) pattern
    这些花纹很精美。
    zhè xiē huā wén hěn jīng měi 。
    These patterns are exquisite.


  • 图案 [ tú àn ] (n) graphic
    这本书里有一些很有意思的图案。
    zhè běn shū lǐ yǒu yī xiē hěn yǒu yì sī de tú àn 。
    There are some interesting graphics in this book.


  • 漂亮 [ piāo liang ] (adj) beautiful, pretty 【HSK1,lesson5】
    我爷爷的花园很漂亮。
    wǒ yé ye de huā yuán hěn piāo liang 。
    My grandfather's garden is very beautiful.


  • 花 [ huā ] (v) to spend 【HSK3,lesson4】
    这道题花了我很长时间。
    zhè dào tí huā le wǒ hěn cháng shí jiān 。
    This question took me a long time.

Learning Grammar

“是”(verb to be) 字句  The “是”Sentence


“是”字句是由“是”构成的判断句,是为了表达人或者事物等于或者属于什么。“是”字句的否定形式是在“是”前面加上“不”。


The "是" sentence is an assertion made up of "是" to express what a person or thing is equal to or belongs to. The negative form of the word "是" is to add "不" before "是".


Examples:


  • 大卫是美国人。
    David is an American.


  • 我妈妈是老师。
    My mother is a teacher.


  • 我妹妹是初中生。
    My sister is a junior high school student.

Transcript

刺绣是中国一个很传统的工艺。

cì xiù shì zhōng guó yígè hěn chuán tǒng de gōng yì
Embroidery is a very traditional Chinese craft.


刺绣是用针穿着彩色的线,

cì xiù shì yòng zhēn chuān zhe cǎi sè de xiàn

Embroidery is the wearing of colored thread with a needle, 


将设计的花纹绣在纺织品

jiāng shè jì de huā wén xiù zài fǎng zhī pǐn shàng

apply the design pattern to the textile


可以绣出各种各样的花纹,

kě yǐ xiù chū gè zhǒng gè yàng de huā wén

to embroider a variety of patterns


各种各样的图案,非常漂亮。

gèzhǒng gè yàng de tú àn ,fēi cháng piāo liang

and a variety of graphics, they are very beautiful.


刺绣在中国有着2000年的历史了,

cìxiù zài zhōng guó yǒu zhe liǎng qiān nián de lìshǐ le 

Embroidery has a history of 2,000 years in China,


各个朝代有各个朝代的特色。

gè gè cháo dài yǒu gè gè cháo dài de tè sè

each dynasty has its specialty.

刺绣对手工工艺的要求非常高,

cì xiù duì shǒu gōng gōng yì de yào qiú fēi cháng gāo 

Embroidery requires a high degree of craftsmanship,


它对人的耐心体力也是一种考验,

tā duì rén de nài xīntǐ lì yě shì yìzhǒng kǎo yàn
it is a test of one's patience and physical strength,


需要人们花很长时间去学习。

xū yào rén men huā hěn cháng shí jiān qù xué xí 。
it takes one a long time to master it.

即使这样,每年还是会有很多人去学刺绣。

jíshǐ zhè yàng ,měi nián hái shì huì yǒu hěn duō rén qù xué cìxiù 

Even so, a lot of people still try to learn embroidery every year.


刺绣不仅在中国受欢迎,

cì xiù bù jǐn zài zhōng guó shòu huān yíng
Embroidery is not only popular in China,


在国外也很受欢迎
zài guó wài yě hěn shòu huān yíng
but also very popular abroad.

很多人将刺绣作为一种很好的礼物送给朋友。
hěn duō rén jiāng cì xiù zuò wéi yìzhǒng hěn hǎo de lǐ wù sòng gěi péng you 

Many people give embroidery to their friends as a good gift.


我相信刺绣会越来越好,

wǒxiàng xìn cì xiù kě yǐ yuè lái yuè hǎo 

I believe embroidery would get better and better,

让越来越多的人喜欢。

ràng yuè lái yuèduō de rén xǐhuan 

let more people like it.

Learning Vocabulary
  • 彩色的 [ cǎi sè de ] (adj.) – colorful
    傍晚的天空是彩色的。
    bàng wǎn de tiān kōng shìcǎi sède 。
    The evening sky is colorful.


  • 纺织品 [ fǎng zhīpǐn ] (n) – textile
    我家附近有一个纺织品工厂。
    wǒjiāfùjìn yǒu yígèfǎng zhīpǐn gōng chǎng 。
    There is a textile factory near my home.


  • 朝代 [ cháo dài ] (n) - dynasty
    唐朝是一个很繁盛的朝代。
    táng cháo shìyígèhěn fán shèng de cháo dài 。
    The tang dynasty is a prosperous dynasty.


  • 手工工艺 [ shǒu gōng gōng yì ] (n) - artisan craftsmanship
    我很喜欢手工工艺。
    wǒhěn xǐhuan shǒu gōng gōng yì 。
    I like artisan craftsmanship very much.


  • 耐心 [ nài xīn ] (n) - patience
    不管做什么事都要有耐心。
    bùguǎn zuòshíme shìdōu yào yǒu nài xīn 。
    Whatever you do, your patience is a must.


  • 体力 [ tǐlì ] (n) - physical power
    运动很耗费体力。
    yùn dòng hěn hào fèi tǐlì 。
    Exercise exhausts much of physical power.


  • 欢迎 [ huān yíng ] (v) - to welcome  【HSK3, lesson18】
    很欢迎你来我家做客。
    hěn huān yíng nǐlái wǒjiāzuòkè 。
    You are very welcome to my home.

Learning Grammar

代词“每”(each, every)


代词“每”后面跟量词,指全体中的任何一个或者是一组。

The pronoun "每 " is followed by a quantifier, which refers to any one or group of the whole.


Examples: 


  • 他每年都会去国外旅游。
    He travels abroad every year.


  • 我每天骑自行车去学校。
    I go to school by bike every day.


  • 他爸爸每个月回来一次。
    His father comes back every month.

Transcript

刺绣是中国一个很传统的工艺,

cì xiù shì zhōng guó yígè hěn chuán tǒng de gōng yì
Embroidery is a very traditional Chinese craft,


它是美术和工艺的结合。
tā shì měi shù hé gōng yì de jié hé
it is a combination of art and craft.


刺绣是用针穿着彩色的线,

cì xiù shì xiān yòng zhēn chuān zhe cǎi sè de xiàn

Embroidery is the wearing of colored thread with a needle first,

将设计的花纹绣在纺织品上,

zài jiāng shè jì de huā wén xiù zài fǎng zhī pǐn shàng

next apply the design pattern to the textile,


然后就可以绣出各种各样的花纹了,

rán hòu jiù kě yǐ xiù chū gè zhǒng gè yàng de huā wén le

then embroider a variety of patterns


各种各样的图案,漂亮极了

gèzhǒng gè yàng de tú àn , piāo liang jí le

and a variety of graphics, they are extremely beautiful.


刺绣在中国有着2000年的历史了,种类不一

cì xiù zài zhōng guó yǒu zhe liǎng qiān nián de lì shǐ le ,zhǒng lèi bù yī

Embroidery has a history of 2,000 years in China, with different kinds of variety,

各个朝代有各个朝代的特色。

gè gè cháo dài yǒu gè gè cháo dài de tè sè

each dynasty has its specialty.

在中国,很多地方都有刺绣,

zài zhōng guó ,hěn duō dì fang dōu yǒu cì xiù 

In China, many places have embroidery,


但苏州刺绣是最有名的。
dàn sū zhōu cìxiù shì zuì yǒu míng de 

but Suzhou embroidery is the most famous.


刺绣对手工工艺的要求非常高,

cì xiù duì shǒu gōng gōng yì de yào qiú fēi cháng gāo 

Embroidery requires a high degree of craftsmanship,


它对人的耐心和体力也是一种考验

tā duì rén de nài xīn hé tǐ lì yě shì yìzhǒng kǎo yàn
it is a test of one's patience and physical strength,


需要人们花很长时间去学习。

xū yào rén men huā hěn cháng shí jiān qù xué xí
it takes one a long time to master it .

所以由于技艺的高超,刺绣的价格一般很

suǒ yǐ yóu yú jì yìde gāo chāo ,cìxiù de jià gé yì bān hěn guì 

So, because of requiring high skills, price of embroidery is in general  extremely expensive,


但这不妨碍人们喜爱她。
dàn zhè bù fáng ài rén men xǐ ài tā 

but such a high price  does not stop people from loving it.


刺绣不仅在中国受欢迎,

cì xiù bù jǐn zài zhōng guó shòu huān yíng
Embroidery is not only popular in China,


在国外也很受欢迎。
zài guó wài yě hěn shòu huān yíng
but also very popular abroad.

很多人将刺绣作为一种礼物送给朋友。
hěn duō rén jiāng cì xiù zuò wéi yìzhǒng lǐ wù sòng gěi péng you 

Many people give embroidery to their friends as a gift.


我相信刺绣会越来越好,

wǒxiàng xìn cì xiù kě yǐ yuè lái yuè hǎo 

I believe embroidery would get better and better,

会让越来越多的人喜欢。

huì ràng yuè lái yuèduō de rén xǐhuan 

let more people like it.

Learning Vocabulary
  • 美术 [ měi shù ] (n) - the fine arts
    我要去上美术课了。
    wǒ yào qù shàng měi shù kè le 。
    I'm going to fine arts class.


  • 种类不一 [ zhǒng lèi bù yī ] (adj.) - different kinds of variety
    图书馆的书种类不一。
    túshūguǎn de shūzhǒng lèi bùyī 。
    There are different kinds of books in the library


  • 考验 [ kǎo yàn ] (n) - ordeal
    例句:爬山是对我们体力的一种考验。
    páshān shìduìwǒmen tǐlìde yìzhǒng kǎo yàn 。
    Mountain climbing is a test of our physical strength.


  • 高超 [ gāo chāo ] (adj) - excellent, superb
    那位工匠的技艺很高超。
    nàwèi gōng jiàng de jìyìhěn gāo chāo 。
    The craftsman has excellent skills.


  • 贵 [ guì ] (adj) – expensive
    这些水果好贵。
    zhèxiēshuǐguǒhǎo guì 。
    These fruits are very expensive.


  • 妨碍 [ fáng ài ] (v) to hamper, to obstruct
    请不要妨碍警察办案。
    qǐng búyào fáng ài jǐng chá bàn àn 。
    Please don't stand in the way of the police.


  • 礼物 [ lǐ wù ] (n) gift, present
    这是送给你的礼物。
    zhèshìsòng gěi nǐde lǐwù 。
    Here's a present for you.

Learning Grammar

极了 (extremely, very)


"极了"是一种程度的表达,在汉语中,表示最高的程度可以用句型“形容词/心理动词+极了”。


"Extremely" is an expression of degree. In Chinese, the highest degree can be expressed by the sentence pattern "adjective/psychological verb + extremely".


Examples:


这场电影好看极了。
The movie was wonderful.


假期的机票贵极了。
Air tickets for the holidays are extremely expensive.


中国菜好吃极了。
Chinese food is delicious.





时间顺序:先……,然后…… (first …., then ….)


“先……,然后……”表示动作发生的先后顺序。


"First..., then..." to indicate the sequence of the action, which is the similar to “first …, then …" pattern in English.


Examples:


  • 我先回家,然后去找你。
    I go home first, then meet you.


  • 我们先逛街,然后去看电影。
    Let's go shopping first, then go to the movies.


  • 他先坐飞机,然后坐一个小时的地铁才到这里。
    He took the plane first, then took the subway for an hour before arrival here.