Peking Opera 京剧

Level 1

 
Transcript

中国的戏曲有很多种,

zhōng guó de xì qǔ yǒu hěn duō zhǒng ,
There are many kinds of operas in China,


但是一说到戏曲

dàn shì yì shuō dào xì qǔ
but when it comes to opera,

我们马上就能想到的。

wǒ men mǎ shàng jiù néng xiǎng dào de 。
what crosses our mind right away,


应该是京剧了,

yīng gāi shì jīng jù le ,

should be the Peking Opera.


京剧又被称为乱弹和国剧。

jīng jù yòu bèi chēng wéi luàn tán hé guó jù 。

Peking Opera is also known as strum and National Opera,


他是中国五大戏曲之一,

tā shì zhōng guó wǔ dà xì qǔ zhī yī ,

it stands as one of the five great operas in China,


还是中国和世界非物质文化遗产。

hái shì zhōng guó hé shì jiè fēi wù zhì wén huà yí chǎn 。
and it is also the Chinese and World Intangible Cultural Heritage.,


京剧的前身是清初流行于江南地区的徽班,

jīng jù de qián shēn shì qīng chū liú háng yú jiāng nán dì qū de huī bān ,
The predecessor of Peking Opera was Hui Combo with great popularity in Jiangnan region over the early of Qing Dynasty,

徽班就是安徽的戏班子。

huī bān jiù shì ān huī de xì bān zi。

Hui Combo is opera troupe produced from Anhui.

徽班流动性强,

huī bān liú dòng xìng qiáng ,

With intense mobility of Hui Combo,


与其他剧种接触频繁

yǔ qí tā jù zhǒng jiē chù pín fán
and its frequent contact with other operas,

在声腔上互有交流渗透,

zài shēng qiāng shàng hù yǒu jiāo liú shèn tòu ,
to present interaction and penetration in the tune,


四大徽班进京
sì dà huī bān jìn jīng hòu
upon the arrival of Four Hui Combos in Beijing

吸收了其他一些优秀的戏曲唱腔。

yòu xī shōu le qí tā yì xiē yōu xiù de xì qǔ chàng qiāng 。

the Four Hui Combos absorbed some other excellent operas,

这才形成了现在的京剧。

zhè cái xíng chéng le xiàn zài de jīng jù 。
and established the existing Peking Opera.


要想学习好京剧,
yào xiǎng xué xí hǎo jīng jù ,

To gain a good learning of PekingOpera,


吃苦是必须的,

chī kǔ shì bì xū de ,

toil is a necessity,


因为京剧有一套非常严格而且规范的程式,

yīn wèi jīng jù yǒu yítào fēi cháng yán gé ér qiě guī fàn de chéng shì ,
because Peking Opera has a set of rigorous and standardized process,

比如京剧表演的四大基本功有:

bǐ rú jīng jù biǎo yǎn de sì dà jī běn gōng yǒu :

such as the four fundamental elements for opera performance:


唱、念、做、打。
chàng 、niàn 、zuò 、dǎ。

sing, dialogue, acting and acrobatic combat.


表演时必须严格按照规范的程式表演,
biǎo yǎn shí bì xū yán gé àn zhào guī fàn de chéng shì biǎo yǎn ,
In the performance, without compliance with the rigorous and standardized process,


否则不能称为京剧艺术。
fǒu zé bù néng chēng wéi jīng jù yì shù 。

otherwise it is not what is called Peking Opera Art.


京剧表演艺术虚实结合,
jīng jù biǎo yǎn yì shù xū shí jié hé ,

The combination of reality and virtuality in PekingOpera performance,


跨越了时间和空间的限制

kuà yuè le shí jiān hé kōng jiān de xiàn zhì

breaking through the boundary limitation of time and space.


如今京剧已走遍世界各地,
rú jīn jīng jù yǐ zǒu biàn shì jiè gè dì ,
Nowadays, Peking Opera has already traveled all over the world,


他已成为介绍,传播中国传统文化的重要媒介。

tā yǐ chéng wéi jiè shào ,chuán bō zhōng guó chuán tǒng wén huà de zhòng yào méi jiè 。
and became an important medium to introduce and spread traditional Chinese culture.


Learning Vocabulary

京剧 [ jīng jù ] (n) - peking Opera

  • 我弟弟正在学习京剧。
    wǒ dì di zhèng zài xué xí jīng jù   。
    My brother is studying Peking Opera.


戏曲 [ xì qǔ ] (n) - (Traditional Chinese) opera

  • 我爷爷很喜欢听戏曲。
    wǒ yé ye hěn xǐ huan tīng xì qǔ 。
    My grandfather likes listening to opera very much.


频繁 [ pín fán ] (adv) - frequently

  • 他咳嗽的很频繁。
    tā ké sòu de hěn pín fán 。
    He coughs frequently.


吸收 [ xī shōu ] (v) - absorb

  • 要多吃营养好吸收的食物。
    yào duō chī yíng yǎng hǎo xī shōu de shí wù 。
    Eat more nutritious and ease of absorbing food.


规范 [ guī fàn ] (adj) - standardized

  • 规范的流程下才会造就一个优秀工厂。
    guī fàn de liú chéng xià cái huì zào jiù yígè yōu xiù gōng chǎng 。
    A standardized process will create an excellent factory.


限制 [ xiàn zhì ] (v) - restrict, limit

  • 环境限制了我的想象。
    huán jìng xiàn zhì le wǒ de xiǎng xiàng 。
    These circumstances limit my imagination.


Learning Grammar

名词“后”

The Noun “后”


名词“后”表示现在或者所说的某个时间以后的时间。

The noun "after" means the time after the present or said time.


Examples:


  • 五分钟后我去接你。
    I'll pick you up in five minutes.


  • 我晚上十点后就睡了。
    I went to bed after ten at night.

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