The 24 Solar Terms 二十四节气

Level 1

 
Transcript

古时候的中国,

gǔ shí hou de zhōng guó,
In ancient China,


没有现在这么发达的天气预测,

méi yǒu xiàn zài zhè me fā dá de tiān qì yù cè,
there was no today's advanced weather forecasts,

但是在古代,人们主要靠种植庄稼来生活。

dàn shì zài gǔ dài ,rén men zhǔ yào kào zhòng zhí zhuāng jia lái shēng huó 。
but in ancient times, people lived mainly by growing crops.


种植庄稼离不开天气,

zhòng zhí zhuāng jia lí bù kāi tiān qì ,

The weather is indispensable for planting crops,


于是聪明的劳动人民

yú shì cōng míng de láo dòng rén mín

the clever working people therefore


探索出了种植庄稼的一套规律。

tàn suǒ chū le zhòng zhí zhuāng jia de yí tào guī lǜ 。

worked out a set of rules for growing crops.


什么时候在什么样的气候下种植,

shén me shí hou zài shén me yàng de qì hou xià zhòng zhí,

When and under what climate to conduct farming,


这就是很有名的“二十四节气”,

zhè jiù shì hěn yǒu míng de “èr shí sì jié qì ”,
which is known as “The 24 Solar Terms”.


“二十四节气”是古代用来指导农事的一种历法

“èr shí sì jiéqì”shì gǔ dài yòng lái zhǐ dǎo nóng shì de yì zhǒng lì fǎ
"The 24 solar terms" was an ancient calendar used to guide agriculture.


“二十四节气”都有些呢?

“èr shí sì jié qì”dōu yǒu xiē ne ?

What are “The 24 Solar Terms” ?


他们分别是:

tā men fēn bié shì :

They are:


立春、雨水、惊蛰、春分、

lì chūn 、yǔ shuǐ 、jīng zhé 、chūn fēn 、

Beginning of Spring, the Rains, Insects Awaken, Vernal Equinox,


清明、谷雨、立夏、小满、

qīng míng 、gǔ yǔ 、lì xià 、xiǎo mǎn 、
Qingming, Grain Rain, Beginning of Summer, Frain Full,

芒种、夏至、小暑、大暑、

máng zhòng 、xià zhì 、xiǎo shǔ 、dà shǔ 、
Grain in Ear, the Summer Solstice, Slight Heat, Great Heat,


立秋、处暑、白露、秋分、
lì qiū 、chù shǔ 、bái lù 、qiū fēn 、
Beginning of Autumn, the Limit of Heat, White Dew, Autumnal Equinox,

寒露、霜降、立冬、小雪、

hán lù 、shuāng jiàng 、lì dōng 、xiǎo xuě 、
Cold Dew, First Frost, Beginning of Winter, Light Snow,

大雪、冬至、小寒和大寒。

dà xuě 、dōng zhì 、xiǎo hán hé dà hán 。

Heavy Snow, Winter Solstice, Lesser Cold and Great Cold.


“二十四节气”能反映季节的变化,
“èr shí sì jiéqì ”néng fǎn yìng jìjiéde biàn huà ,

“The 24 Solar Terms" can reflect the changes of the seasons,


指导人们进行农事活动。

zhǐ dǎo rén men jìn xíng nóng shì huó dòng。

to guide people in their agricultural activities.


“二十四节气”是劳动人民的智慧结晶

“èr shí sì jiéqì”shì láo dòng rén mín de zhì huì jié jīng

The 24 Solar Terms are the crystallization of the wisdom of the working people,

至今都被人们使用,

zhì jīn dōu bèi rén men shǐ yòng ,
it has been using by people up till today,


影响着千家万户的生活。

yǐng xiǎng zhe qiān jiā wàn hù de shēng huó 。
affecting the lives of thousands of families.


Learning Vocabulary

二十四节气 [ èr shí sì jié qì ] (n) - The 24 solar terms

  • 二十四节气对于农事活动很重要。
    èr shí sì jié qì duì yú nóng shì huó dòng hěn zhòng yào 。
    The 24 solar terms are important for agricultural activities.


发达 [ fā dá ] (adj) - developed. advanced

  • 发达的科技有助于国家的发展。
    fā dá de kē jì yǒu zhù yú guó jiā de fā zhǎn 。
    Advanced science and technology contributes to the development of the country.


古代 [ gǔ dài ] (n) - ancient times

  • 在古代,科技比较落后。
    zài gǔ dài ,kē jì bǐ jiào luò hòu 。
    In ancient times, technology was relatively backward.


庄稼 [ zhuāng jia ] (n) - crops

  • 今年的庄稼长得很好。
    jīn nián de zhuāng jia zhǎng de hěn hǎo 。
    The crops are growing well this year.


历法 [ lì fǎ ] (n) - calendar

  • “二十四节气”是一种历法。
    “èr shí sì jié qì ”shì yìzhǒng lì fǎ。
    "Twenty-four solar terms" is a calendar.


惊蛰 [ jīng zhé ] (n) - Chinaware

  • 惊蛰是一种节气。
    jīng zhé shìyìzhǒng jié qì。
    Chinaware is a solar term.


智慧结晶 [ zhì huì jié jīng ] (n) - crystallization of wisdom

  • 金字塔是人们的智慧结晶。
    jīn zì tǎ shì rén men de zhì huì jié jīng 。
    The pyramids are the crystallization of human wisdom.

Learning Grammar

疑问代词“哪”

The Interrogative Pronoun“哪”


疑问代词“哪”用在疑问句中的结构形式为:“哪+量词/名词+名词”。


The interrogative pronoun "which" is used in the interrogative form is "which + quantifier/noun + noun".


Examples:


  • 你是哪个国家的?
    nǐ shì nǎ ge guó jiā de?
    which country do you come from?


  • 哪些人是你的朋友?
    Nǎ xiē rén shì nǐ de péng yǒu?
    Who are your friends?


  • 你要哪本书?
    nǐ yào nǎ běn shū?
    Which book do you want?

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