The Great Wall 长城

Level 1

 
Transcript

对于长城,

duì yú cháng chéng
For the Great Wall,


你也许并不陌生

nǐ yě xǔ bìng bú mò shēng
you may not be unfamiliar,

你可能听到过它名字,

nǐ kě néng tīng dào guò tā de míng zi
you may have heard its name,


你可能了解过它的传说,

nǐ kě néng liǎo jiě guò tā de chuán shuō

you may know its legend,


你也可能亲自去爬过。

nǐ yě kě néng qīn zì qù pá guò

you may have climbed it yourself.


我相信你所了解的长城一定是壮观的。

wǒ xiàng xìn nǐ suǒ le jiě de cháng chéng yídìng shì zhuàng guān de

I am sure that the Great Wall you know is magnificent.


一说到中国你就会想起长城。

yìshuō dào zhōng guó nǐ jiù huì xiǎng qǐ cháng chéng。

When you think of China, you think of the Great Wall.

长城是中国最伟大的建筑之一,

cháng chéng shì zhōng guó zuì wěi dà de jiàn zhù zhī yī

The Great Wall is one of the greatest buildings in China,

它也是世界建筑史上的奇迹

tā yě shì shì jiè jiàn zhù shǐ shàng de qí jì

it is also a miracle in the history of world architecture.


长城有着非常悠久的历史,

cháng chéng yǒu zhe fēi cháng yōu jiǔ de lì shǐ
The Great Wall has a very long history,

它全长21,196.18千米。

tāquán cháng 21,196.18 qiān mǐ
it is 21,196.18 km long.


长城最开始是为了防御敌人。
cháng chéng zuì kāi shǐ shì wéi le fáng yù dí rén
The Great Wall was originally built to defend against the enemy.

到现在,长城已经成为了一个旅游景点。

dào xiàn zài ,cháng chéng yǐ jīng chéng wéi le yígè lǚ yóujǐng diǎn
By now, the Great Wall has become a tourist attraction.

民间流传着这样一句话,

mín jiān liú chuán zhe zhè yàng yí jù huà

There is a saying in the folk,


“不到长城非好汉” 。
“bú dào cháng chéng fēi hǎo hàn”

"One who fails to reach the Great Wall is not a hero".


所以很多人去北京旅游,

suǒ yǐ hěn duō rén qù běi jīng lǚ yóu

So, many people travel to Beijing,

一定会去爬长城,

yí dìng huì qù pá cháng chéng
they will climb the Great Wall,


特别是外国朋友。

tè bié shì wài guó péng you

especially foreign friends.

从高处看,长城就像一条

cóng gāo chù kàn ,cháng chéng jiù xiàng yì tiáo lóng
Seen from a height, the Great Wall looks like a dragon,


弯弯曲曲的盘在山上,

wān wān qū qū de pán zài shān shàng ,

winding on the mountain,

壮观了。

tài zhuàng guān le
it is spectacular.


长城历经千年风雨,屹立不倒。

cháng chéng lì jīng qiān nián fēng yǔ ,yì lì bù dǎo
The Great Wall has withstood wind and rain for thousands of years.


这种传统文化我们要保护,

zhè zhǒng chuán tǒng wén huà wǒ men yào bǎo hù

This traditional culture we need to protect,


这样的长城精神我们更要继承。

zhè yàng de zhǎng chéng jīng shén wǒ men gèng yào jì chéng

such the Great Wall spirit we need to  inherit.

Learning Vocabulary

陌生 [ mò shēng ] (adj) - unfamiliar

  • 我们对手机并不陌生。
    wǒ men duì shǒu jī bìng bù mò sheng
    We are not unfamiliar with mobile phones.


传说 [ chuán shuō ] (n) tale, legend

  • 关于长城有很多传说。
    guān yú zhǎng chéng yǒu hěn duō chuán shuō
    There are many legends about the Great Wall.


壮观 [ zhuàng guān ] (n) grand sight, spectacular

  • 长城真的很壮观。
    zhǎng chéng zhēn de hěn zhuàng guān
    The Great Wall is spectacular.


建筑 [ jiàn zhù ] (n) - architecture

  • 这里的建筑很奇特。
    zhè lǐ de jiàn zhù hěn qí tè
    The architecture here is very strange.


奇迹 [ qí jì ] (n) miracle

  • 除非有奇迹发生,否则他不会醒过来。
    chú fēi yǒu qí jì fā shēng ,fǒu zé tā bú huì xǐng guò lái
    He won't wake up unless a miracle happens.


旅游 [ lǚ yóu ] (v) - to travel, to take a trip  【HSK2, lesson8】

  • 你们打算去哪里旅游?
    nǐ men dǎ suàn qù nǎ lǐ lǚ yóu
    Where are you going to travel?


龙 [ lóng ] (n) dragon

  • 关于龙的传说有很多。
    guān yú lóng de chuán shuō yǒu hěn duō
    There are many legends about dragons.

Learning Grammar

结构助词“的”

The Structural Particle“的”


名词/代词+的+名词 表示一种所属关系,当“的”后面的名词表示亲属称谓或者指人的时候,“的”可以省略。


"Noun/pronoun + 的+ noun" indicates a possessive relationship, and "of" can be omitted when the noun following "of" is used to refer to a relative or a person.


Examples:


  • 这是我的书包。
    This is my bag.


  • 那是你的外套。
    That is your coat.


  • 那是我爸爸。
    That is my Dad.



程度副词“太”

The Adverb“太”


副词“太+形容词/动词”表示程度深得意思。有“太”的句子后面常跟“了”,但是当句子是否定句的时候不用“了”。


The adverb "太 + adjective/verb" indicates the degree of attainment. "了" is often followed by "太", but not used with "了" when the sentence is negative.


Examples:


  • 这个花园真是太漂亮了。
    This garden is really beautiful.


  • 他不太高兴。
    He was not very happy.


  • 我太想去购物了。
    I indeed want to go to shopping.

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