The Great Wall 长城

Level 1

 
Transcript

对于长城,

duì yú cháng chéng
For the Great Wall,


你也许并不陌生

nǐ yě xǔ bìng bú mò shēng
you may not be unfamiliar,

你可能听到过它名字,

nǐ kě néng tīng dào guò tā de míng zi
you may have heard its name,


你可能了解过它的传说,

nǐ kě néng liǎo jiě guò tā de chuán shuō

you may know its legend,


你也可能亲自去爬过。

nǐ yě kě néng qīn zì qù pá guò

you may have climbed it yourself.


我相信你所了解的长城一定是壮观的。

wǒ xiàng xìn nǐ suǒ le jiě de cháng chéng yídìng shì zhuàng guān de

I am sure that the Great Wall you know is magnificent.


一说到中国你就会想起长城。

yìshuō dào zhōng guó nǐ jiù huì xiǎng qǐ cháng chéng。

When you think of China, you think of the Great Wall.

长城是中国最伟大的建筑之一,

cháng chéng shì zhōng guó zuì wěi dà de jiàn zhù zhī yī

The Great Wall is one of the greatest buildings in China,

它也是世界建筑史上的奇迹

tā yě shì shì jiè jiàn zhù shǐ shàng de qí jì

it is also a miracle in the history of world architecture.


长城有着非常悠久的历史,

cháng chéng yǒu zhe fēi cháng yōu jiǔ de lì shǐ
The Great Wall has a very long history,

它全长21,196.18千米。

tāquán cháng 21,196.18 qiān mǐ
it is 21,196.18 km long.


长城最开始是为了防御敌人。
cháng chéng zuì kāi shǐ shì wéi le fáng yù dí rén
The Great Wall was originally built to defend against the enemy.

到现在,长城已经成为了一个旅游景点。

dào xiàn zài ,cháng chéng yǐ jīng chéng wéi le yígè lǚ yóujǐng diǎn
By now, the Great Wall has become a tourist attraction.

民间流传着这样一句话,

mín jiān liú chuán zhe zhè yàng yí jù huà

There is a saying in the folk,


“不到长城非好汉” 。
“bú dào cháng chéng fēi hǎo hàn”

"One who fails to reach the Great Wall is not a hero".


所以很多人去北京旅游,

suǒ yǐ hěn duō rén qù běi jīng lǚ yóu

So, many people travel to Beijing,

一定会去爬长城,

yí dìng huì qù pá cháng chéng
they will climb the Great Wall,


特别是外国朋友。

tè bié shì wài guó péng you

especially foreign friends.

从高处看,长城就像一条

cóng gāo chù kàn ,cháng chéng jiù xiàng yì tiáo lóng
Seen from a height, the Great Wall looks like a dragon,


弯弯曲曲的盘在山上,

wān wān qū qū de pán zài shān shàng ,

winding on the mountain,

壮观了。

tài zhuàng guān le
it is spectacular.


长城历经千年风雨,屹立不倒。

cháng chéng lì jīng qiān nián fēng yǔ ,yì lì bù dǎo
The Great Wall has withstood wind and rain for thousands of years.


这种传统文化我们要保护,

zhè zhǒng chuán tǒng wén huà wǒ men yào bǎo hù

This traditional culture we need to protect,


这样的长城精神我们更要继承。

zhè yàng de zhǎng chéng jīng shén wǒ men gèng yào jì chéng

such the Great Wall spirit we need to  inherit.

Learning Vocabulary

陌生 [ mò shēng ] (adj) - unfamiliar

  • 我们对手机并不陌生。
    wǒ men duì shǒu jī bìng bù mò sheng
    We are not unfamiliar with mobile phones.


传说 [ chuán shuō ] (n) tale, legend

  • 关于长城有很多传说。
    guān yú zhǎng chéng yǒu hěn duō chuán shuō
    There are many legends about the Great Wall.


壮观 [ zhuàng guān ] (n) grand sight, spectacular

  • 长城真的很壮观。
    zhǎng chéng zhēn de hěn zhuàng guān
    The Great Wall is spectacular.


建筑 [ jiàn zhù ] (n) - architecture

  • 这里的建筑很奇特。
    zhè lǐ de jiàn zhù hěn qí tè
    The architecture here is very strange.


奇迹 [ qí jì ] (n) miracle

  • 除非有奇迹发生,否则他不会醒过来。
    chú fēi yǒu qí jì fā shēng ,fǒu zé tā bú huì xǐng guò lái
    He won't wake up unless a miracle happens.


旅游 [ lǚ yóu ] (v) - to travel, to take a trip  【HSK2, lesson8】

  • 你们打算去哪里旅游?
    nǐ men dǎ suàn qù nǎ lǐ lǚ yóu
    Where are you going to travel?


龙 [ lóng ] (n) dragon

  • 关于龙的传说有很多。
    guān yú lóng de chuán shuō yǒu hěn duō
    There are many legends about dragons.

Learning Grammar

结构助词“的”

The Structural Particle“的”


名词/代词+的+名词 表示一种所属关系,当“的”后面的名词表示亲属称谓或者指人的时候,“的”可以省略。


"Noun/pronoun + 的+ noun" indicates a possessive relationship, and "of" can be omitted when the noun following "of" is used to refer to a relative or a person.


Examples:


  • 这是我的书包。
    This is my bag.


  • 那是你的外套。
    That is your coat.


  • 那是我爸爸。
    That is my Dad.



程度副词“太”

The Adverb“太”


副词“太+形容词/动词”表示程度深得意思。有“太”的句子后面常跟“了”,但是当句子是否定句的时候不用“了”。


The adverb "太 + adjective/verb" indicates the degree of attainment. "了" is often followed by "太", but not used with "了" when the sentence is negative.


Examples:


  • 这个花园真是太漂亮了。
    This garden is really beautiful.


  • 他不太高兴。
    He was not very happy.


  • 我太想去购物了。
    I indeed want to go to shopping.

Transcript

对于长城,

duì yú cháng chéng
For the Great Wall,


你也许并不陌生,

nǐ yě xǔ bìng bú mò shēng
you may not be unfamiliar,

你可能听到过它的名字,

nǐ kě néng tīng dào guò tā de míng zi
you may have heard its name,


你可能了解过它的传说,

nǐ kě néng liǎo jiě guò tā de chuán shuō

you may know its legend,


或者是你已经爬了。

huò zhě shì nǐ yǐ jīng pá guò le

or you may have climbed it a few times.


我相信你所了解的长城一定是壮观的。

wǒ xiàng xìn nǐ suǒ le jiě de cháng chéng yídìng shì zhuàng guān de

I am sure the Great Wall you know is magnificent.


一说到中国你就会想起长城。

yìshuō dào zhōng guó nǐ jiù huì xiǎng qǐ cháng chéng

When you think of China, you think of the Great Wall.

长城是中国最伟大的建筑之一,

cháng chéng shì zhōng guó zuì wěi dà de jiàn zhù zhī yī

The Great Wall is one of the greatest buildings in China,

它也是世界建筑史上的奇迹,

tā yě shì shì jiè jiàn zhù shǐ shàng de qí jì

it is also a miracle in the history of world architecture,


它全长21,196.18千米。

tāquán cháng 21,196.18 qiān mǐ
it is 21,196.18 km long.


长城每隔一段距离就会有一个烽火台
cháng chéng měi gé yíduàn jù líjiù huì yǒu yí gè fēng huǒ tái

The Great Wall has a beacon tower at every distance.


烽火台在古代是用来传递消息的高台,

fēng huǒ tái zài gǔ dài shì yòng lái chuán dì xiāo xi de gāo tái
The beacon towers were used to deliver messages in ancient times,


是为了防止敌人入侵建造的。

shì wéi le fáng zhǐ dí rén rù qīn jiàn zào de

built to keep the enemy from invading。


万一有敌人入侵,白天就会放狼烟,
wàn yī yǒu dí rén rù qīn ,bái tiān jiù huì fàng láng yān

In case of any enemy invasion, there would be smoke during the daytime,


夜晚则点火,传递消息。
yè wǎn zé diǎn huǒ ,chuán dì xiāo xi

and there would be light fires during the nighttime, for message delivery.


长城有着非常悠久的历史。

cháng chéng yǒu zhe fēi cháng yōu jiǔ de lì shǐ
The Great Wall has a very long history.


长城最开始是为了防御敌人。
cháng chéng zuì kāi shǐ shì wéi le fáng yù dí rén
The Great Wall was originally built to defend against the enemy.

到现在,长城已经成为了一个旅游景点。

dào xiàn zài ,cháng chéng yǐ jīng chéng wéi le yígè lǚ yóu jǐng diǎn
By now, the Great Wall has become a tourist attraction.

民间流传着这样一句话,

mín jiān liú chuán zhe zhè yàng yí jù huà

There is a saying in the folk,


“不到长城非好汉”。
“bú dào cháng chéng fēi hǎo hàn ”

"One who fails to reach the Great Wall is not a hero".


所以很多人去北京旅游,

suǒ yǐ hěn duō rén qù běi jīng lǚ yóu

So, many people travel to Beijing,

一定会去爬长城,

yí dìng huì qù pá cháng chéng
they will climb the Great Wall,


特别是外国朋友。

tè bié shì wài guó péng you

especially foreign friends.

从高处看,长城就像一条龙,

cóng gāo chù kàn ,cháng chéng jiù xiàng yì tiáo lóng
Seen from a height, the Great Wall looks like a dragon,


盘旋在山上,

pán xuán zài shān shàng

hovering over the mountains,

太壮观了。

tài zhuàng guān le
it is spectacular.


长城历经千年风雨,屹立不倒。

cháng chéng lì jīng qiān nián fēng yǔ ,yì lì bù dǎo
The Great Wall has withstood wind and rain for thousands of years.


这种传统文化我们要保护,

zhè zhǒng chuán tǒng wén huà wǒ men yào bǎo hù

This traditional culture we need to protect,


这样的长城精神我们更要继承。

zhè yàng de zhǎng chéng jīng shén wǒ men gèng yào jì chéng

such the Great Wall spirit we need to inherit.


Learning Vocabulary

伟大的 [ wěi dà de ] (adj) - great

  • 那是一个非常伟大的作品。
    nà shì yí gè fēi cháng wěi dà de zuò pǐn
    It was a very great work.


烽火台 [ fēng huǒ tái] (n) - Beacon tower

  • 烽火台非常重要。
    fēng huǒtái fēi cháng zhòng yào
    Beacon towers are very important.


建造 [ jiàn zào ] (v) - to build, to construct

  • 他主持建造了这座大桥。
    tāzhǔchíjiàn zào le zhèzuòdàqiáo
    He presided to build the bridge.


敌人 [ dí rén ] (n) – enemy

  • 我们要把敌人赶出我们的家园。
    wǒmen yào bǎdírén gǎn chūwǒmen de jiāyuán
    We will drive the enemy out of our homes.


入侵 [ rù qīn ] (v) - to invade, to intrude

  • 长城是为了防止敌人入侵而建造的
    zhǎng chéng shìwéi le fáng zhǐdírén rùqīn ér jiàn zào de
    The Great Wall was built to keep the enemy from invading.
     

传递 [ chuán dì ] (v) - to transmit, to deliver

  • 他乐于助人的精神会一直传递下去。
    tālèyúzhùrén de jīng shén huìyìzhíchuán dìxiàqù
    His spirit of helping others will always be delivered.


盘旋 [ pán xuán ] (v) - to hover

  • 一只老鹰盘旋在空中。
    yì zhī lǎo yīng pán xuán zài kōng zhōng
    An eagle hovered in the air.

Learning Grammar

动态助词“过”

The Aspect Particle “过”


动态助词“过”跟在动词的后面表示过去发生的事情,没有持续到现在。否定句是在动词前面加“没有”。


The dynamic particle "过" follows the verb to show that something happened in the past and did not last until now. A negative sentence is a verb preceded by "没有".


Examples:


  • 我去过中国。
    I have been to China.


  • 我爬过华山。
    I have climbed mount Hua.


  • 我没有看过这个电影。
    I have not seen the movies.




动量补语“次”

The Complement of Frequency“次”


动量补语“次”经常跟在谓语动词的后面,,表示动作发生进行的次数。

The complement of frequency“次”, often followed by the verb, indicates the number of times an action has taken place.


Examples:


  • 这个药一天吃三次。
    Take this medicine three times a day.


  • 我今天去了两次商场。
    I went to the mall twice today.


  • 我只去过一次北京。
    I have only been to Beijing once.

Transcript

对于长城,

duì yú cháng chéng
For the Great Wall,


你也许并不陌生,

nǐ yě xǔ bìng bú mò shēng
you may not be unfamiliar,

你可能听到过它的名字,

nǐ kě néng tīng dào guò tā de míng zi
you may have heard its name,


你可能了解过它的传说,

nǐ kě néng liǎo jiě guò tā de chuán shuō

you may know its legend,


或者是你已经爬过几次了。

nǐ yě kě néng qīn zì qù pá guò

or you may have climbed it a few times.


我相信你所了解的长城一定是壮观的。

wǒ xiàng xìn nǐ suǒ le jiě de cháng chéng yídìng shì zhuàng guān de

I am sure the Great Wall you know is magnificent.


一说到中国你就会想起长城。

yìshuō dào zhōng guó nǐ jiù huì xiǎng qǐ cháng chéng

When you think of China, you think of the Great Wall.

长城是中国最伟大的建筑之一,

cháng chéng shì zhōng guó zuì wěi dà de jiàn zhù zhī yī

The Great Wall is one of the greatest buildings in China,

它也是世界建筑史上的奇迹,

tā yě shì shì jiè jiàn zhù shǐ shàng de qí jì

it is also a miracle in the history of world architecture,


它全长21,196.18千米。

tāquán cháng 21,196.18 qiān mǐ
it is 21,196.18 km long.


长城每隔一段距离就会有一个烽火台。
cháng chéng měi gé yí duàn jù lí jiùhuì yǒu yí gè fēng huǒ tái

The Great Wall has a beacon tower at every distance.


烽火台在古代是用来传递消息的高台,

fēng huǒ tái zài gǔ dài shì yòng lái chuán dì xiāo xi de gāo tái
The beacon towers were used to deliver messages in ancient times,


是为了防止敌人入侵建造的。

shì wéi le fáng zhǐ dí rén rù qīn jiàn zào de

built to keep the enemy from invading.


万一有敌人入侵,白天就会放狼烟
wàn yī yǒu dí rén rù qīn ,bái tiān jiù huì fàng láng yān

in case of any enemy invasion, there would be smoke during the daytime,


夜晚则点火,传递消息。
yè wǎn zé diǎn huǒ ,chuán dì xiāo xi

and there would be light fires during the nighttime, for message delivery.


长城有着非常悠久的历史,

cháng chéng yǒu zhe fēi cháng yōu jiǔ de lì shǐ
The Great Wall has a very long history,


长城最开始是为了防御敌人。
cháng chéng zuì kāi shǐ shì wéi le fáng yù dí rén
The Great Wall was originally built to defend against the enemy.

到现在,长城已经成为了一个旅游景点。

dào xiàn zài ,cháng chéng yǐ jīng chéng wéi le yígè lǚ yóu jǐng diǎn
By now, the Great Wall has become a tourist attraction.


民间流传着这样一句话,

mín jiān liú chuán zhe zhè yàng yí jù huà

There is a saying in the folk,


“不到长城非好汉”。
“bú dào cháng chéng fēi hǎo hàn ”

"One who fails to reach the Great Wall is not a hero".


很多人对长城都非常感兴趣

hěn duō rén duì cháng chéng dōu fēi cháng gǎn xìng qù

Many people are very interested in the Great Wall,


所以他们去北京旅游的时候,

suǒ yǐ tā men qù běi jīng lǚ yóu de shí hou

so when they travel to Beijing,


一定会去爬长城,

yí dìng huì qù pá cháng chéng
they will climb the Great Wall,


特别是外国朋友。

tè bié shì wài guó péng you

especially foreign friends.

从高处看,长城就像一条龙,

cóng gāo chù kàn ,cháng chéng jiù xiàng yì tiáo lóng
Seen from a height, the Great Wall looks like a dragon,


蜿蜒盘旋在山上,

wān yán pán xuán zài shān shàng ,

winding up the hills,

太壮观了。

tài zhuàng guān le
it is spectacular.


长城历经千年风雨,屹立不倒

cháng chéng lì jīng qiān nián fēng yǔ ,yì lì bù dǎo
The Great Wall has withstood wind and rain for thousands of years.


这种传统文化我们要保护,

zhè zhǒng chuán tǒng wén huà wǒ men yào bǎo hù

This traditional culture we need to protect,


这样的长城精神我们更要继承

zhè yàng de zhǎng chéng jīng shén wǒ men gèng yào jì chéng

such the Great Wall spirit we need to inherit.



Learning Vocabulary

狼烟 [ láng yān ] (n) - smoke (of wolves’ dung)

  • 如果狼烟升起就说明有敌人入侵。
    rúguǒláng yān shēng qǐjiùshuōmíng yǒu dírén rùqīn  。
    If the smoke rises, there is an invasion.


防御 [ fáng yù ] (v) - to defense

  • 军事防御很重要。
    jun shìfáng yùhěn zhòng yào
    Military defense is very important.


蜿蜒 [ wān yán ] (v) - to wind

  • 河流蜿蜒向远方。
    héliúwān yán xiàng yuǎn fang
    The river winds away.


屹立不倒 [ yì lì bù dǎo ] - stand still

  • 那座塔在风雨中屹立不倒很多年了。
    nàzuòtǎzài fēng yǔzhōng yìlìbùdǎo hěn duōnián le
    The tower stood still in the rain for many years.


继承 [ jì chéng ] (v) - to inherit

  • 我们一定要把传统文化很好的保护继承下来。
    wǒmen yídìng yào bǎchuán tǒng wén huàhěn hǎo de bǎo hùjìchéng xiàlái
    We must protect and inherit the traditional culture.

Learning Grammar

表达兴趣:对……感兴趣 / 对……有兴趣
To Express An Interest: 对……感兴趣 / 对……有兴趣


在汉语中,用句型“对……感兴趣”或是“对……有兴趣”来表达兴趣。它的否定句是“对……没有兴趣”或是“对……不感兴趣”,当有程度副词修饰时,程度副词要放在“感兴趣”和“有兴趣”的前面。


In Chinese, use sentence patterns like "对……感兴趣"or"对……有兴趣"Show interest. The negative sentence is "对……没有兴趣"Or"对……不感兴趣", when the degree adverb modifies, the degree adverb should be placed before "感兴趣" and "有兴趣".


Examples:


  • 大卫对篮球很感兴趣。
    David is interested in basketball.
     

  • 我对电影很感兴趣。
    I am interested in movies.


  • 我对这本书没有兴趣。
    I have no interest in this book.