The Palace Museum 故宫

Level 1

 
Transcript

在中国首都北京的城中心,

zài zhōng guó shǒu dōu běi jīng de chéng zhōng xīn,
In the heart of Beijing, the capital of China,


有一座存在了几百年的宏伟建筑,

yǒu yí zuò cún zài le jǐ bǎi nián de hóng wěi jiàn zhù,
there is a magnificent building which has been standing for hundreds of years,

那便是故宫

nà biàn shì gù gōng
this is the Palace Museum.


故宫是中国明清两代的皇家宫殿

gù gōng shì zhōng guó míng qīng liǎng dài de huáng jiā gōng diàn

The Palace Museum is the imperial palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in China,


他也是世界上至今存在的规模最大的宫殿型建筑。

tā yě shì shì jiè shang zhì jīn cún zài de guī mó zuì dà de gōng diàn xíng jiàn zhù 。

and it is also the largest palace-shaped building in the globe to date.


故宫南北长约960米,

gù gōng nán běi cháng yuē  960 mǐ ,

The Palace Museum covers about 960 meters from north to south,


东西宽约750米,

dōng xī kuān yuē 750mǐ ,
and 750 meters from east to west,


占地面积72万平方米

zhàn dì miàn jī 72wàn píng fāng mǐ

with a total occupation of 720,000 square meters,

令人震惊的是,他的现存房间有8000间,

lìng rén zhèn jīng de shì ,tā de xiàn cún fáng jiān yǒu 8000 duō jiān,

surprisingly, it has more than 8,000 rooms in existence,

而且大多数房间装修豪华。

ér qiě dà duō shù fáng jiān zhuāng xiū háo huá 。

and most of the rooms are in sumptuous decorations.


由于故宫是皇家宫殿,

yóu yú gù gōng shì huáng jiā gōng diàn ,
Since the Palace Museum is a royal palace,

所以里面存有大量的珍贵的文物,

suǒ yǐ lǐ miàn cún yǒu dà liàng de zhēn guì de wén wù ,
it includes a lot of precious cultural relics,


比如:书画、陶瓷器、青铜器、钟表等等。
bǐ rú :shū huà 、táo cí qì 、qīng tóng qì 、zhōng biǎo děng děng 。
such as painting and calligraphy, pottery, bronze ware, clocks and so on.

和长城一样,

hé cháng chéng yíyàng ,
Like the Great Wall,

如果你想去北京旅游,

rú guǒ nǐ xiǎng qù běi jīng lǚ yóu ,

if you want to visit Beijing,


故宫也是值得去的一个景点。
gù gōng yě shì zhí dé qù de yígè jǐng diǎn 。

the Palace Museum is also a great resort worth visiting.


所以每年有大量的人会去故宫旅游。

suǒ yǐ měi nián yǒu dà liàng de rén huì qù gù gōng lǚ yóu 。

So, there are many people who visit the Palace Museum every year.

人流量的增加自然会对文物有一定的伤害,

rén liú liàng de zēng jiā zì rán huì duì wén wù yǒu yídìng de shāng hài ,
The increase of the flow of visitors will certainly pose a certain harm to the cultural relics,


因此故宫已经采取了限制游客数量的方法,

yīn cǐ gù gōng yǐ jīng cǎi qǔ le xiàn zhì yóu kè shù liàng de fāng fǎ ,

so the Palace Museum has taken measures to limit the number of visitors,

来保护故宫文化。

lái bǎo hù gù gōng wén huà 。
to protect the culture of the Palace Museum.


1987年,故宫被列入了世界文化遗产,

1987nián ,gù gōng bèi liè rù le shì jiè wén huà yí chǎn ,
The Palace Museum was listed as the World Cultural Heritage in 1987,

不仅如此,

bù jǐn rú cǐ ,
not only that,


由于故宫巨大的文物收藏

yóu yú gù gōng jù dà de wén wù shōu cáng
due to the considerable collection of cultural relics in the Museum,


所以有了现在的“故宫学”,

suǒ yǐ yǒu le xiàn zài de “gù gōng xué ”,

“Science on the Palace Museum” therefore emerges,


专门用来研究故宫的各种文化。

zhuān mén yòng lái yán jiū gù gōng de gè zhǒng wén huà 。

for special use in the study on various cultures of the Palace Museum.


不管建筑价值,还是文化价值,

bù guǎn jiàn zhù jià zhí ,hái shì wén huà jià zhí ,

Whether it presents with architectural value or cultural value,


故宫都是人类历史上一颗璀璨的明珠。

gù gōng dōu shì rén lèi lì shǐ shàng yì kē cuǐ càn de míng zhū 。

the Palace Museum is a brilliant pearl in the human history.


Learning Vocabulary

首都 [ shǒu dōu ] (n) - Capital

  • 中国的首都是北京。
    zhōng guó de shǒu dōu shì běi jīng 。
    The capital of China is Beijing.


故宫 [ gù gōng ] (n) - The Palace Museum

  • 你去过故宫吗?
    nǐ qù guò gù gōng ma ?
    Have you ever been to the Palace Museum?


宫殿 [ gōng diàn ] (n) – palace

  • 这是我去过最漂亮的宫殿。
    zhè shì wǒ qù guò zuì piāo liang de gōng diàn 。
    This is the most beautiful palace I've ever been to.


平方米 [ píng fāng mǐ ] (n) - square meter

  • 这间房子多少平方米?
    zhè jiān fáng zi duō shǎo píng fāng mǐ ?
    How many square meters is this house?


珍贵的 [ zhēn guì de ] (adj) - precious

  • 这是我们珍贵的回忆。
    zhè shì wǒ men zhēn guì de huí yì 。
    This is our precious memory.


陶瓷器 [ táo cí qì ] (n) - chinaware

  • 陶瓷器很受大家的欢迎。
    táo cí qì hěn shòu dà jiā de huān yíng 。
    Chinaware is very popular with everyone.


收藏 [ shōu cáng ] (n) - collectible,collection

  • 李月爷爷的家里有很多珍贵的收藏。
    lǐ yuè yé ye de jiā lǐ yǒu hěn duō zhēn guì de shōu cáng 。
    Grandparent Li Yue's home has a lot of precious collection.


Learning Grammar

概数词“多”

“多”Expressions of Approximate Numbers


“多”与数量词搭配使用的时候,如果数词是10以下的数字时,“多”放在量词之后;如果数词大于10,那么“多”放在量词之前。


When "多" is used with quantifiers, if the numeral is below 10, "多" is put after the quantifier. If the number is greater than 10, then "多" comes before the quantifier.


Examples:


  • 还有三个多月才下雪。
    Snow is more than three months away.


  • 我爷爷60多岁了。
    My grandfather is in his sixties.


  • 他妻子买了十多件衣服。
    His wife bought more than ten pieces of clothes.

Transcript

在中国首都北京的城中心,

zài zhōng guó shǒu dōu běi jīng de chéng zhōng xīn ,
In the heart of Beijing, the capital of China,


有一座矗立了几百年的宏伟建筑,

yǒu yí zuò chù lì le jǐ bǎi nián de hóng wěi jiàn zhù ,
there is a magnificent building that has stood for hundreds of years,

那便是故宫。

nà biàn shì gù gōng 。
this is the Palace Museum.


故宫是中国明清两代的皇家宫殿,

gù gōng shì zhōng guó míng qīng liǎng dài de huáng jiāgōng diàn ,

The Palace Museum is the imperial palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in China,


他也是世界上至今存在的规模最大的宫殿型建筑。

tā yě shì shì jiè shang zhì jīn cún zài de guī mó zuì dà de gōng diàn xíng jiàn zhù 。

and it is also the largest palace-shaped building in the globe to date.


故宫又叫“紫禁城”,
gù gōng yòu jiào “zǐ jìn chéng ”,
The Museum is also called the Forbidden City,

他是封建权利的象征,

tā shì fēng jiàn quán lì de xiàng zhēng ,

which is a symbol of feudal power,


普通人禁止进入或者靠近故宫,
pǔ tōng rén jìn zhǐ jìn rùhuò zhě kào jìn gù gōng ,
only dignitaries have the exclusive access the Palace Museum,

而住在故宫里面的人没有允许也不可以出来,
ér zhù zài gù gōng lǐ miàn de rén méi yǒu yǔn xǔ yě bù kě yǐ chū lái ,

ordinary people are forbidden to enter or go near the Palace Museum,

所以很多人一辈子都生活在故宫里,不能出来。
suǒ yǐ hěn duō rén yí bèi zǐ dōu shēng huó zài gù gōng lǐ ,bù néng chū lái 。
many people lived in the Palace Museum thus all their lives and failed to come out.

故宫南北长约960米,

gù gōng nán běi cháng yuē  960 mǐ ,

The Palace Museum covers about 960 meters from north to south,


东西宽约750米,

dōng xī kuān yuē 750mǐ ,
and 750 meters from east to west,


占地面积72万平方米,

zhàn dì miàn jī 72wàn píng fāng mǐ ,

with a total occupation of 720,000 square meters,

令人震惊的是,他现存的房间有8000多间,

lìng rén zhèn jīng de shì ,tā de xiàn cún fáng jiān yǒu 8000duō jiān ,

surprisingly, it has more than 8,000 rooms in existence,

而且大多数房间装修豪华

ér qiě dà duō shù fáng jiān zhuāng xiū háo huá

and most of the rooms are in sumptuous decorations.


由于故宫是皇家宫殿,

yóu yú gù gōng shì huáng jiā gōng diàn ,
Since the Palace Museum is a royal palace,

所以里面存有大量的珍贵的文物,

suǒ yǐ lǐ miàn cún yǒu dà liàng de zhēn guì de wén wù ,
it includes a lot of precious cultural relics,


比如:书画、陶瓷器、青铜器、钟表等等。
bǐ rú :shū huà 、táo cí qì 、qīng tóng qì 、zhōng biǎo děng děng 。
such as painting and calligraphy, pottery, bronze ware, clocks and so on.

和长城一样,

hé cháng chéng yíyàng ,
Like the Great Wall,

如果你想去北京旅游,

rú guǒ nǐ xiǎng qù běi jīng lǚ yóu ,

if you want to visit Beijing,


故宫也是非常值得去的一个景点。
gù gōng yě shì zhí dé qù de yígè jǐng diǎn 。

the Palace Museum is also a great resort worth visiting.


所以每年有大量的人会去故宫旅游。

suǒ yǐ měi nián yǒu dà liàng de rén huì qù gù gōng lǚ yóu 。

So, there are many people who visit the Palace Museum every year.

人流量的增加自然会对文物有一定的伤害,

rén liú liàng de zēng jiā zì rán huì duì wén wù yǒu yídìng de shāng hài ,
The increase of the flow of visitors will certainly pose a certain harm to the cultural relics,


因此故宫已经采取了限制游客数量的方法

yīn cǐ gù gōng yǐ jīng cǎi qǔ le xiàn zhì yóu kè shù liàng de fāng fǎ

so the Palace Museum has taken measures to limit the number of visitors,

来保护故宫文化。

lái bǎo hù gù gōng wén huà 。
to protect the culture of the Palace Museum.


1987年,故宫被列入了世界文化遗产,

1987nián ,gù gōng bèi liè rù le shì jiè wén huà yí chǎn ,
The Palace Museum was listed as the World Cultural Heritage in 1987,

不仅如此,

bù jǐn rú cǐ ,
not only that,


由于故宫巨大的文物收藏,

yóu yú gù gōng jù dà de wén wù shōu cáng ,
due to the considerable collection of cultural relics in the Museum,


所以有了现在的“故宫学”,

suǒ yǐ yǒu le xiàn zài de “gù gōng xué ”,

“Science on the Palace Museum” therefore emerges,


专门用来研究故宫的各种文化。

zhuān mén yòng lái yán jiū gù gōng de gè zhǒng wén huà 。

for special use in the study on various cultures of the Palace Museum.


不管是建筑价值,还是文化价值,

bù guǎn shì jiàn zhù jià zhí ,hái shì wén huà jià zhí ,

Whether it presents with architectural value or cultural value,


故宫都是人类历史上一颗璀璨的明珠。

gù gōng dōu shì rén lèi lì shǐ shàng yì kē cuǐ càn de míng zhū 。

the Palace Museum is a brilliant pearl in the human history.


Learning Vocabulary

矗立 [ chù lì ] - stand (tall and upright)

  • 在我小的时候,那栋楼就已经矗立在那里了。
    zài wǒxiǎo de shíhou ,nà dòng lóu jiùyǐjīng chùlìzài nàlǐle 。
    That building has been standing there since I was a child.


皇家 [ huáng jiā ] (n) - royal

  • 圆明园是皇家园林。
    yuán míng yuán shìhuáng jiāyuán lín 。
    The old Summer Palace is a royal garden.


封建 [ fēng jiàn ] (adj) - feudal

  • 他是一个非常封建的人。
    tāshìyígèfēi cháng fēng jiàn de rén 。
    He is a very feudal man.


禁止 [ jìn zhǐ ] (v)- to forbid

  • 闲杂人等禁止入内。
    xián zárén děng jìn zhǐrùnèi 。
    Miscellaneous persons are forbidden to enter.


豪华 [ háo huá ] (adj) - luxury

  • 他有一艘豪华游艇。
    tāyǒu yìsōu háo huáyóu tǐng 。
    He has a luxury yacht.


青铜器 [ qīng tóng qì ] (n) - bronze ware

  • 青铜器是非常珍贵的。
    qīng tóng qìshìfēi cháng zhēn guìde 。
    Bronze ware is very precious.


人流量 [ rén liú liàng ] (n) - visitor flow rate

  • 假期期间,景区的人流量特别大。
    jiǎqīqījiān ,jǐng qūde rén liúliàng tèbiédà 。
    During the holiday season, the visitor flow rate of scenic area is especially high.


璀璨的 [ cuǐ càn de ] (adj) - brilliant

  • 夜晚,璀璨的星星挂满了天空。
    yèwǎn ,cuǐcàn de xīng xing guàmǎn le tiān kōng 。
    At night, brilliant stars fill the sky.


Learning Grammar

动词结构作定语

A Verb(phrase) Used as an Attributive Modifier


动词或者动词短语做定语时,定语和中心语之间要加“的”。

When a verb or phrasal verb is used as an attribute, it is necessary to add "的" between the attribute and the central word.


Examples:


  • 这是我妈妈新买的衣服。
    This is my mother's new dress.


  • 这是我很喜欢的演员拍的电影。
    This is a movie made by my favorite actor.


  • 他提出了限制游客数量的方法。
    He suggested ways to limit the number of visitors.

Transcript

在中国首都北京的城中心,

zài zhōng guó shǒu dōu běi jīng de chéng zhōng xīn ,
In the heart of Beijing, the capital of China,


有一座矗立了几百年的宏伟建筑,

yǒu yí zuò chù lì le jǐ bǎi nián de hóng wěi jiàn zhù ,
there is a magnificent building which has been standing for hundreds of years,

那便是故宫。

nà biàn shì gù gōng 。
this is the Palace Museum.


故宫是中国明清两代的皇家宫殿,

gù gōng shì zhōng guó míng qīng liǎng dài de huáng jiā gōng diàn ,

The Palace Museum is the imperial palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in China,


他也是世界上至今存在的规模最大的宫殿型建筑。

tā yě shì shì jiè shang zhì jīn cún zài de guī mó zuì dà de gōng diàn xíng jiàn zhù 。

and it is also the largest palace-shaped building in the globe to date.


故宫又叫“紫禁城”,
gù gōng yòu jiào “zǐ jìn chéng ”,
The Museum is also called the Forbidden City,

他是封建权利的象征,

tā shì fēng jiàn quán lì de xiàng zhēng ,

which is a symbol of feudal power,


只有达官贵人能进入故宫,

zhǐ yǒu dá guān guì rén cái néng jìn rù gù gōng,

only dignitaries have the exclusive access the Palace Museum,


普通人禁止进入或者靠近故宫,
pǔ tōng rén jìn zhǐ jìn rùhuò zhě kào jìn gù gōng ,
ordinary people are forbidden to enter or go near the Palace Museum,

而住在故宫里面的人没有允许也不可以出来,
ér zhù zài gù gōng lǐ miàn de rén méi yǒu yǔn xǔ yě bù kě yǐ chū lái ,

and people who live in the Palace Museum are not allowed to come out without permission,

所以很多人一辈子都生活在故宫里,不能出来。
suǒ yǐ hěn duō rén yí bèi zi dōu shēng huó zài gù gōng lǐ,bù néng chū lái 。
many people lived in the Palace Museum thus all their lives and failed to come out.


故宫有三个大殿和四个大门。
gù gōng yǒu sān gè dà diàn hé sì gè dà mén 。
The Palace Museum has three main temple halls and four gates.


三个大殿分别是:
sān gè dà diàn fēn bié shì :
The three main halls are:

太和殿、中和殿、保和殿。

tài hé diàn 、zhōng hé diàn 、bǎo hé diàn 。
Hall of Supreme Harmony, Hall of Central Harmony and Hall of Preserving Harmony.


四个大门分别是:
sì gè dà mén fēn bié shì :
The four gates are:

午门、神武门、东华门和西华门。

wǔ mén 、shén wǔ mén 、dōng huá mén hé xī huá mén 。
Meridian Gate, Gate of Devine Might, Donghua Gate and Xihua Gate.

故宫南北长约960米,

gù gōng nán běi cháng yuē 960 mǐ ,

The Palace Museum covers about 960 meters from north to south,


东西宽约750米,

dōng xī kuān yuē 750mǐ ,
and 750 meters from east to west,


占地面积72万平方米,

zhàn dì miàn jī 72wàn píng fāng mǐ ,

with a total occupation of 720,000 square meters,

令人震惊的是,他现存的房间有8000多间,

lìng rén zhèn jīng de shì ,tā de xiàn cún fáng jiān yǒu 8000duō jiān ,

surprisingly, it has more than 8,000 rooms in existence,

而且大多数房间装修豪华。

ér qiě dà duō shù fáng jiān zhuāng xiū háo huá 。

and most of the rooms are in sumptuous decorations.


由于故宫是皇家宫殿,

yóu yú gù gōng shì huáng jiā gōng diàn ,
Since the Palace Museum is a royal palace,

所以里面存有大量的珍贵的文物

suǒ yǐ lǐ miàn cún yǒu dà liàng de zhēn guì de wén wù
it includes a lot of precious cultural relics,


比如:书画、陶瓷器、青铜器、钟表等等。
bǐ rú :shū huà 、táo cí qì 、qīng tóng qì 、zhōng biǎo děng děng 。
such as painting and calligraphy, pottery, bronze ware, clocks and so on.

和长城一样,

hé cháng chéng yíyàng ,
Like the Great Wall,

如果你想去北京旅游,

rú guǒ nǐ xiǎng qù běi jīng lǚ yóu ,

if you want to visit Beijing,


故宫也是非常值得去的一个景点。
gù gōng yě shì zhí dé qù de yígè jǐng diǎn 。

the Palace Museum is also a great resort worth visiting.


所以每年有大量的人会去故宫旅游。

suǒ yǐ měi nián yǒu dà liàng de rén huì qù gù gōng lǚ yóu 。

So, there are many people who visit the Palace Museum every year.

人流量的增加自然会对文物有一定的伤害。

rén liú liàng de zēng jiā zì rán huì duì wén wù yǒu yídìng de shāng hài 。
The increase of the flow of visitors will certainly pose a certain harm to the cultural relics.


因此故宫已经采取了限制游客数量的方法,

yīn cǐ gù gōng yǐ jīng cǎi qǔ le xiàn zhì yóu kè shù liàng de fāng fǎ ,

So, the Palace Museum has taken measures to limit the number of visitors,

来保护故宫文化。

lái bǎo hù gù gōng wén huà 。
to protect the culture of the Palace Museum.


1987年,故宫被列入了世界文化遗产

1987nián ,gù gōng bèi liè rù le shì jiè wén huà yí chǎn
The Palace Museum was listed as the World Cultural Heritage in 1987,

不仅如此,

bù jǐn rú cǐ ,
not only that,


由于故宫巨大的文物收藏,

yóu yú gù gōng jù dà de wén wù shōu cáng ,
due to the considerable collection of cultural relics in the Museum,


所以有了现在的“故宫学”,

suǒ yǐ yǒu le xiàn zài de “gù gōng xué ”,

“Science on the Palace Museum” therefore emerges,


专门用来研究故宫的各种文化。

zhuān mén yòng lái yán jiū gù gōng de gè zhǒng wén huà 。

for special use in the study on various cultures of the Palace Museum.


不管是建筑价值,还是文化价值

bù guǎn shì jiàn zhù jià zhí ,hái shì wén huà jià zhí

Whether it presents with architectural value or cultural value,


故宫都是人类历史上一颗璀璨的明珠。

gù gōng dōu shì rén lèi lì shǐ shàng yì kē cuǐ càn de míng zhū 。

the Palace Museum is a brilliant pearl in the human history.


Learning Vocabulary

权利 [ quán lì ] (n) - right

  • 每个公民都有自己的权利和义务。
    měi gègōng mín dōu yǒu zìjǐde quán lìhéyìwù 。
    Every citizen has his own rights and duties.


达官贵人 [ dá guān guì rén ] - dignitary

  • 在古代,只有达官贵人才不会饿肚子。
    zài gǔ dài ,zhǐyǒu dá guān guì rén cái bù huì è dù zi 。
    In ancient times, only dignitaries did not go hungry.


允许 [ yǔn xǔ ] (v) - to allow, to permit

  • 我们学校不允许陌生人进来。
    wǒmen xuéxiào bùyǔn xǔmòshēng rén jìn lái 。
    Strangers are not allowed to enter our school.


大殿 [ dà diàn ] (n) - audience hall

  • 这个大殿可以容纳上百人。
    zhège dàdiàn kěyǐróng nàshàng bǎi rén 。
    The hall can accommodate hundreds of people.


震惊 [ zhèn jīng ] (v) - to shock, to astonish

  • 他说的每句话都令我震惊。
    tāshuōde měi jùhuàdōu lìng wǒzhèn jīng 。
    I am shocked by all he said.


文物 [ wén wù ] (n) - cultural relic

  • 考古学家挖掘了一批文物。
    kǎo gǔxuéjiāwājuéle yìpīwén wù 。
    Archaeologists dug out a set of cultural relics


钟表 [ zhōng biǎo ] (n) - clock

  • 这只钟表真精致。
    zhèzhī zhōng biǎo zhēn jīng zhì 。
    This clock is exquisite.


世界文化遗产 [ shìjièwén huàyíchǎn ] (n) - The World Cultural Heritage

  • 故宫被列入了世界文化遗产。
    gùgōng bèi lièrùle shìjiè wén huàyíchǎn 。
    The Palace Museum was listed in the World Cultural Heritage.


价值 [ jià zhí ] (n) - value

  • 这件文物价值不菲。
    zhèjiàn wén wùjiàzhíbùfēi 。
    This cultural relic is in a costly value.


Learning Grammar

只有……才……
The Structure “只有……才……”


“只有……才……”连接的是一个条件复句,“只有”后面是某种情况唯一的条件,“才”后面是在这个唯一的条件下所出现的结果。


"只有……才……"Is connected to a conditional complex sentence. "只有" is the only condition of a certain situation, and "才" is the result of this only condition.


Examples:


  • 只有天气晴朗,运动会才能开。
    Only if it is sunny can the sports meet be held.


  • 只有我爸爸来接我,我才肯回家。
    I won't go home until my father picks me up.


  • 花朵只有充分吸收到阳光,才会健康的生长。
    Flowers will only grow healthily if they are fully absorbed into the sun.