Traditional Chinese Medicine 中医

Level 1

 
Transcript

中医

zhōng yī
Traditional Chinese Medicine,


就是中国传统医学,

jiù shì zhōng guó chuán tǒng yī xué,
it is traditional Chinese medicine.

是以中国汉族劳动人民创造的传统医学为主的医学。

shì yǐ zhōng guó hàn zú láo dòng rén mín chuàng zào de chuán tǒng yī xué wéi zhǔ de yī xué 。
It is the traditional medicine mainly created by the Han Chinese working people.


中医是研究人体生理病理

zhōng yī shì yán jiū rén tǐ shēng lǐ bìng lǐ

Chinese medicine is the study of human physiology and pathology,


以及疾病的诊断和防治等的一门学科

yǐ jí jí bìng de zhěn duàn hé fáng zhì děng de yì mén xué kē

as well as the diagnosis and treatment of disease and so on.


中医之所以被称为中医是相对西医而言的,

zhōng yī zhī suǒ yǐ bèi chēng wéi zhōng yī shì xiàng duì xī yī ér yán de ,

The reason why the Chinese medicine is called Chinese medicine is relative to western medicine,


西医还没有传入中国的时候,

xī yī hái méi yǒu chuán rù zhōng guó de shí hou ,
before western medicine was introduced to China,


中医就已经形成了他自己的一套完美的体系。

zhōng yī jiù yǐ jīng xíng chéng le tā zì jǐ de yí tào wán měi de tǐ xì 。
Chinese medicine had established its own perfect system.


不管是他的医学理论,特点还是治疗手段

bù guǎn shì tā de yī xué lǐ lùn ,tè diǎn hái shì zhì liáo shǒu duàn

Whether it is the medical theory, characteristics or treatment,

都以人为本。

dōu yǐ rén wéi běn 。

the philosophy of human-oriented is advocated.

中医历史悠久,他诞生于原始社会,

zhōng yī lì shǐ yōu jiǔ ,tā dàn shēng yú yuán shǐ shè huì ,

Traditional Chinese medicine has a long history. It was born in primitive society,


春秋战国时期中医理论已经基本形成,

chūn qiū zhàn guó shí qī zhōng yī lǐ lùn yǐ jīng jī běn xíng chéng ,
and had basically established the theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Spring and Autumn Warring States period,

之后历代都有总结发展。

zhī hòu lì dài dōu yǒu zǒng jié fā zhǎn 。
it sought great growth from the summary in the latter generations.


2018年中医被世界卫生组织纳入

2018 nián zhōng yī bèi shì jiè wèi shēng zǔ zhī nà rù

Traditional Chinese Medicine was received by WHO


其具有全球影响力的医学纲要。

qí jù yǒu quán qiú yǐng xiǎng lì de yī xué gāng yào 。
in its globally influential medical program in 2018.

随着社会的不断进步,

suí zhe shè huì de búduàn jìn bù ,

With the continuous progress of the society,


人们的工作压力也越来越大,

rén men de gōng zuò yā lì yě yuè lái yuè dà ,

people's work pressure is increasing,

越来越多的人更愿意用中医的方法

yuè lái yuè duō de rén gèng yuàn yì yòng zhōng yī de fāng fǎ

more and more people are willing to apply methods of traditional Chinese medicine


调理自己的身体,

tiáo lǐ zì jǐ de shēn tǐ ,

to condition their bodies,


去养生。

qù yǎng shēng 。
and cultivate their lives.


也有越来越多的国际友人被中医
yě yǒu yuè lái yuè duō de guó jì yǒu rén bèi zhōng yī

There are also a growing number of international friends


这种神秘又好用的医学吸引,
zhè zhǒng shén mì yòu hǎo yòng de yī xué xī yǐn ,
are attracted by this mysterious and useful medicine in traditional Chinese medicine,


纷纷来中国学习中医。

fēn fēn lái zhōng guó xué xí zhōng yī 。
resorting to China for study on it.

中医真是人类医学史上一块瑰宝。

zhōng yī zhēn shì rén lèi yī xué shǐ shàng yī kuài guī bǎo 。
Chinese medicine is really a gem in the history of human medicine.


Learning Vocabulary

中医 [ zhōng yī ] (n) - Traditional Chinese medicine

  • 我弟弟正在学习中医。
    wǒ dì di zhèng zài xué xí zhōng yī 。
    My brother is studying traditional Chinese medicine.


生理 [ shēng lǐ ] (n) (adj) - physiology / physiological

  • 他克服了生理上的缺陷,终于考上大学。
    tā kè fú le shēng lǐ shàng de quē xiàn ,zhōng yú kǎo shàng dà xué 。
    He overcame his physiological handicap and finally went to college.


病理 [ bìng lǐ ] (n) - pathology

  • 法医病理学是一门很重要的学科。
    fǎ yī bìng lǐ xué shì yì mén hěn zhòng yào de xué kē 。
    Forensic pathology is a very important subject.


学科 [ xué kē ] (n) - subject

  • 我们这一学期有八门学科。
    wǒ men zhè yì xué qī yǒu bā mén xué kē 。
    We have eight subjects this term.


完美 [ wán měi ] (adj) - perfect, flawless

他真是一个完美的男朋友。
tā zhēn shì yí gè wán měi de nán péng you 。
He is the perfect boyfriend.


治疗手段 [ zhì liáo shǒu duàn ] - treatment

那位医生使用的治疗手段很先进。
nà wèi yī shēng shǐ yòng de zhì liáo shǒu duàn hěn xiān jìn 。
The treatment used by the doctor is very advanced.


诞生 [ dàn shēng ] (v) - be born

  • 好消息!有一只熊猫诞生了。
    hǎo xiāo xi !yǒu yìzhī xióng māo dàn shēng le 。
    The good news! A panda was born.


调理 [ tiáo lǐ ] - cultivate one’s life

  • 工作太累了,你要调理好身体。
    gōng zuò tài lèi le ,nǐ yào tiáo lǐ hǎo shēn tǐ 。
    You must cultivate yourself because you are tired from work.


神秘 [ shén mì ] (adj) - mystical

  • 她真是一个神秘的人。
    tā zhēn shì yígè shén mì de rén 。
    She is a mystical person.

Learning Grammar

表示时间:“……的时候”

“……的时候”Indicating Time


“数量+的时候”表示时间。

"Quantity +的时候" means time.


Examples:


  • 早上八点的时候我看到他了。
    I saw him at eight o 'clock in the morning.


  • 晚上十点的时候我就上床睡觉了。
    I went to bed at ten o 'clock at night.






“动词+的时候”也指的是时间。
"The verb + 的时候" also refers to time.


Examples:


  • 西医还没有传入中国的时候,中医就已经形成了自己的体系。
    Before western medicine was introduced into China, traditional Chinese medicine had already formed its own system.


  • 我哥洗澡的时候,我打开了电视。
    While my brother was taking a shower, I turned on the TV.

Transcript

中医,

zhōng yī ,
Traditional Chinese Medicine,


顾名思义
gù míng sī yì
as the name suggests

就是中国传统医学。

jiù shì zhōng guó chuán tǒng yī xué。
it is traditional Chinese medicine.

他是以中国汉族劳动人民创造的传统医学为主的医学。

shì yǐ zhōng guó hàn zú láo dòng rén mín chuàng zào de chuán tǒng yī xué wéi zhǔ de yī xué 。
It is the traditional medicine mainly created by the Han Chinese working people.


中医是研究人体生理、病理,

zhōng yī shì yán jiū rén tǐ shēng lǐ 、bìng lǐ ,

Chinese medicine is the study of human physiology and pathology,


以及疾病的诊断和防治等的一门学科。

yǐ jí jí bìng de zhěn duàn hé fáng zhì děng de yì mén xué kē 。

as well as the diagnosis and treatment of disease and so on.


中医之所以被称为中医是相对西医而言的,

zhōng yī zhī suǒ yǐ bèi chēng wéi zhōng yī shì xiàng duì xī yī ér yán de ,

The reason why the Chinese medicine is called Chinese medicine is relative to western medicine,


西医还没有传入中国的时候,

xī yī hái méi yǒu chuán rù zhōng guó de shí hou ,
before western medicine was introduced to China,


中医就已经形成了他自己的一套完美的体系。

zhōng yī jiù yǐ jīng xíng chéng le tā zì jǐ de yí tào wán měi de tǐ xì 。
Chinese medicine had established its own perfect system.


不管是他的医学理论,特点还是治疗手段

bù guǎn shì tā de yī xué lǐ lùn ,tè diǎn hái shì zhì liáo shǒu duàn

Whether it is the medical theory, characteristics or treatment,

以人为本

dōu yǐ rén wéi běn

the philosophy of human-oriented is advocated.

早在原始社会,中医就已经诞生了,

zǎo zài yuán shǐ shè huì ,zhōng yī jiù yǐ jīng dàn shēng le ,

Traditional Chinese medicine had existed in the primitive society,


春秋战国时期中医理论已经基本形成,

chūn qiū zhàn guó shí qī zhōng yī lǐ lùn yǐ jīng jī běn xíng chéng ,
and had basically established the theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Spring and Autumn Warring States period,

甚至已经有了解剖和医学分科,
shèn zhì yǐ jīng yǒu le jiě pōuhé yī xué fēn kē ,
there were even divisions of anatomy and medicine,


之后历代都有总结发展。

zhī hòu lì dài dōu yǒu zǒng jié fā zhǎn 。
it sought great growth from the summary in the latter generations.


2018年中医被世界卫生组织纳入

2018nián zhōng yī bèi shì jiè wèi shēng zǔ zhī nà rù

Traditional Chinese Medicine was received by WHO


其具有全球影响力的医学纲要
qí jù yǒu quán qiú yǐng xiǎng lì de yī xué gāng yào
in its globally influential medical program in 2018.

在中国,中医理论一定离不开道家学说,

zài zhōng guó ,zhōng yī lǐ lùn yídìng lí bù kāi dào jiā xué shuō ,
In China, the theory of traditional Chinese medicine cannot be separated from Taoism,

道家思想对中医的影响很深。

dào jiā sī xiǎng duì zhōng yī de yǐng xiǎng hěn shēn 。

Taoist thoughts have a profound influence on it.


比如在道家的医学经典《黄帝内经》的影响下,
bǐ rú zài dào jiā de yī xué jīng diǎn 《huáng dì nèi jīng 》de yǐng xiǎng xià ,

For example, under the influence of the Taoist medical classic Huangdi Neijing,


中医建立了“阴阳五行学说”。

zhōng yī jiàn lì le “yīn yáng wǔ xíng xué shuō ”。

Traditional Chinese Medicine established the theory of Yin-Yang and the Five Elements.


随着社会的不断进步,

suí zhe shè huì de búduàn jìn bù ,

With the continuous progress of the society,


人们的工作压力也越来越大,

rén men de gōng zuò yā lì yě yuè lái yuè dà ,

people's work pressure is increasing,

越来越多的人更愿意用中医的方法

yuè lái yuè duō de rén gèng yuàn yì yòng zhōng yī de fāng fǎ

more and more people are willing to apply methods of traditional Chinese medicine


去调理自己的身体,

qù tiáo lǐ zì jǐ de shēn tǐ ,
to condition their bodies,


养生

yǎng shēng
and cultivate their lives.


也有越来越多的国际友人被中医
yě yǒu yuè lái yuè duō de guó jì yǒu rén bèi zhōng yī

There are also a growing number of international friends


这种神秘又好用的医学吸引,
zhè zhǒng shén mì yòu hǎo yòng de yī xué xī yǐn ,
are attracted by this mysterious and useful medicine in traditional Chinese medicine,


纷纷来中国学习中医。

fēn fēn lái zhōng guó xué xí zhōng yī 。
resorting to China for study on it.

中医真是人类医学史上一块瑰宝

zhōng yī zhēn shì rén lèi yī xué shǐ shàng yī kuài guī bǎo
Chinese medicine is really a gem in the history of human medicine.


Learning Vocabulary

顾名思义 [ gù míng sī yì ] - as the name suggests

  • 顾名思义,中医就是中国传统医学。
    gùmíng sīyì ,zhōng yījiùshìzhōng guóchuán tǒng yīxué 。
    As the name suggests, traditional Chinese medicine is Chinese traditional medicine.


以人为本 [ yǐrén wéi běn ]- The philosophy of human-oriented

  • 我们要坚持以人为本,可持续发展的原则。
    wǒmen yào jiān chíyǐrén wéi běn ,kěchíxùfāzhǎn de yuán zé 。
    We should adhere to the philosophy of human-oriented and the principle of sustainable development.


解剖 [ jiě pōu ] (v) - to dissect

  • 他残忍的解剖了那只兔子。
    tā cán rěn de jiěpōu le nàzhītùzǐ 。
    He cruelly dissected the rabbit.


纲要 [ gāng yào ](n)- program, synopsis

  • 这个纲要还要再简明一些。
    zhègègāng yào hái yào zài jiǎn míng yīxiē 。
    The synopsis requires to be concise a bit.


道家 [ dào jiā ] (n) - Taoists

  • 我很崇尚道家学说。
    wǒhěn chóng shàng dào jiāxuéshuō 。
    I admire Taoists thought very much.


养生 [ yǎng shēng ] - to cultivate one’s life

  • 现在越来越多的人都爱上了养生。
    xiàn zài yuèlái yuèduōde rén dōu ài shàng le yǎng shēng 。
    More people love to cultivate their lives nowadays.


瑰宝 [ guībǎo ] (n) - treasure, gem

  • 这些文物真是人类文化历史上的瑰宝。
    zhèxiēwén wùzhēn shìrén lèi wén huàlì shǐshàng de guībǎo 。
    These cultural relics are really treasure in the history of human culture.


Learning Grammar

时间副词“就”

The Adverb of Time “就”


“就”表示说话人认为某件事发生的很早,很顺利。

"就" means that the speaker thinks something happened early and smoothly.


Examples:


  • 早在原始社会,中医就已经诞生了。
    As early as in the primitive society, traditional Chinese medicine was born.


  • 你还在睡觉的时候,他就上班去了。
    He went to work while you were sleeping.


  • 二十分钟之前,电影就开始了。
    The movie started twenty minutes ago.

Transcript

中医,

zhōng yī ,
Traditional Chinese Medicine,


顾名思义,
gù míng sī yì ,
as the name suggests

就是中国传统医学。

jiù shì zhōng guó chuán tǒng yī xué。
it is traditional Chinese medicine.

他是以中国汉族劳动人民创造的传统医学为主的医学。

shì yǐ zhōng guó hàn zú láo dòng rén mín chuàng zào de chuán tǒng yī xué wéi zhǔ de yī xué 。
It is the traditional medicine mainly created by the Han Chinese working people.


中医是研究人体生理、病理,

zhōng yī shì yán jiū rén tǐ shēng lǐ 、bìng lǐ ,

Chinese medicine is the study of human physiology and pathology,


以及疾病的诊断和防治等的一门学科。

yǐ jí jí bìng de zhěn duàn hé fáng zhì děng de yì mén xué kē 。

as well as the diagnosis and treatment of disease and so on.


中医之所以被称为中医是相对西医而言的,

zhōng yī zhī suǒ yǐ bèi chēng wéi zhōng yī shì xiàng duì xī yī ér yán de ,

The reason why the Chinese medicine is called Chinese medicine is relative to western medicine,


西医还没有传入中国的时候,

xī yī hái méi yǒu chuán rù zhōng guó de shí hou ,
before western medicine was introduced to China,


中医就已经形成了他自己的一套完美的体系。

zhōng yī jiù yǐ jīng xíng chéng le tā zì jǐ de yí tào wán měi de tǐ xì 。
Chinese medicine had established its own perfect system.


不管是他的医学理论,特点还是治疗手段

bù guǎn shì tā de yī xué lǐ lùn ,tè diǎn hái shì zhì liáo shǒu duàn

Whether it is the medical theory, characteristics or treatment,

都以人为本,

dōu yǐ rén wéi běn ,

the philosophy of human-oriented is advocated,


尤其是治疗手段人们所热爱。

yóu qí shì zhì liáo shǒu duàn bèirén men suǒrè ài 。

especially, the methods of treatment are loved by people.


中医的治疗手段有:

zhōng yī de zhì liáo shǒu duàn yǒu :
The treatment methods of traditional Chinese medicine include:

中药、针灸拔火罐和四诊。
zhōng yào 、zhēn jiǔbá huǒ guàn hé sì zhěn 。
traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture, cupping therapy and the four diagnostic methods.

四诊又包括:望、闻、问、切。

sì zhěn yòu bāo kuò :wàng 、wén 、wèn 、qiè 。

Four methods include: observation, listening, interrogation and pulse-taking.

早在原始社会,中医就已经诞生了,

zǎo zài yuán shǐ shè huì ,zhōng yī jiù yǐ jīng dàn shēng le ,

Traditional Chinese medicine had existed in the primitive society,


春秋战国时期中医理论已经基本形成,

chūn qiū zhàn guó shí qī zhōng yī lǐ lùn yǐ jīng jī běn xíng chéng ,
and had basically established the theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Spring and Autumn Warring States period,

甚至已经有了解剖和医学分科,
shèn zhì yǐ jīng yǒu le jiě pōu hé yī xué fēn kē ,
there were even divisions of anatomy and medicine,


之后历代都有总结发展。

zhī hòu lì dài dōu yǒu zǒng jié fā zhǎn 。
it sought great growth from the summary in the latter generations.


2018年中医被世界卫生组织纳入

2018nián zhōng yī bèi shì jiè wèi shēng zǔ zhī nà rù

Traditional Chinese Medicine was received by WHO


其具有全球影响力的医学纲要。
qí jù yǒu quán qiú yǐng xiǎng lì de yī xué gāng yào 。
in its globally influential medical program in 2018.

在中国,中医理论一定离不开道家学说,

zài zhōng guó ,zhōng yī lǐ lùn yídìng lí bù kāi dào jiā xué shuō ,
In China, the theory of traditional Chinese medicine cannot be separated from Taoism

道家思想对中医的影响很深。

dào jiā sī xiǎng duì zhōng yī de yǐng xiǎng hěn shēn 。

Taoist thoughts have a profound influence on it.


比如在道家的医学经典《黄帝内经》的影响下,
bǐ rú zài dào jiā de yī xué jīng diǎn 《huáng dì nèi jīng 》de yǐng xiǎng xià ,

For example, under the influence of the Taoist medical classic Huangdi Neijing,


中医建立了“阴阳五行学说”。

zhōng yī jiàn lì le “yīn yáng wǔ xíng xué shuō ”。

Traditional Chinese Medicine established the theory of Yin-Yang and the Five Elements.


随着社会的不断进步,

suí zhe shè huì de búduàn jìn bù ,

With the continuous progress of the society,


人们的工作压力也越来越大,

rén men de gōng zuò yā lì yě yuè lái yuè dà ,

people's work pressure is increasing,

越来越多的人更愿意用中医的方法

yuè lái yuè duō de rén gèng yuàn yì yòng zhōng yī de fāng fǎ

more and more people are willing to apply methods of traditional Chinese medicine


去调理自己的身体,

qù tiáo lǐ zì jǐ de shēn tǐ ,
to condition their bodies,


去养生。

qù yǎng shēng 。
and cultivate their lives.


也有越来越多的国际友人被中医
yě yǒu yuè lái yuè duō de guó jì yǒu rén bèi zhōng yī

There are also a growing number of international friends


这种神秘又好用的医学吸引,
zhè zhǒng shén mì yòu hǎo yòng de yī xué xī yǐn ,
are attracted by this mysterious and useful medicine in traditional Chinese medicine,


纷纷来中国学习中医。

fēn fēn lái zhōng guó xué xí zhōng yī 。
resorting to China for study on it.

中医真是人类医学史上一块瑰宝。

zhōng yī zhēn shì rén lèi yī xué shǐ shàng yī kuài guī bǎo 。
Chinese medicine is really a gem in the history of human medicine.


Learning Vocabulary

诊断 [ zhěn duàn ] (v) - to diagnose

  • 医生对他的病情进行了诊断。
    yīshēng duìtāde bìng qíng jìn xíng le zhěn duàn 。
    The doctor made a diagnosis of his illness.


针灸 [ zhēn jiǔ ] (n) - acupuncture

  • 我想学习针灸。
    wǒ xiǎng xuéxízhēn jiǔ 。
    I want to study acupuncture.


拔火罐 [ báhuǒguàn ](v) - cupping therapy

  • 拔火罐可以祛除身体里的毒气。
    báhuǒguàn kěyǐqūchúshēn tǐlǐde dúqì 。
    Cupping therapy makes it possible to eliminate the poison in the bodies.

Learning Grammar

“被”字句
The Bei-Sentence


汉语中“被”字句表示被动意义,他的结构一般是“主语+被/叫/让+宾语+动词+其他成分”。主语一般是动作的接受者,宾语是动作的发出者。“被”字句后面的宾语可以省略,但“叫”和“让”后边必须有宾语。


In Chinese, "被" means passive meaning. Its structure is usually "subject + 被/叫/让 + object + verb + other components". The subject is generally the receiver of the action and the object is the sender of the action. The object after "被" can be omitted, but "叫" and "让" must be followed by an object.


Examples:


  • 花瓶让弟弟打碎了。
    The vase was broken by my brother.


  • 鸡蛋叫他吃光了。
    The vase was broken by my brother. He ate all the eggs.


  • 作业被他写完了。
    He finished his homework.