Ask A Person's Age
Learn to ask how old a person is, such as "What is your age?", "How old are you?" in Mandarin.
To ask about age for adults in Mandarin Chinese, you can say:
“你多大了, nǐ duō dà le?” (“How old are you?)
Let’s break down the Chinese sentence “nǐ duō dà le” as follows:
nǐ + duō + dà + le
In Mandarin Chinese,
"你, nǐ " means “You”,
"多, duō" means degree or extent,
"大, dà" means big,
"了, le" is used at the end of a sentence to indicate a change or the occurrence of a new situation.
When put them together:
“多大了, duō dà le” means "how big" or "how old", so the sentence structure is:
Subject + 多 + 大 + 了 ?
"你多大了, nǐ duō dà le?" (How old are you?)
"他多大了, tā duō dà le?" (How old is he?)
"她多大了, tā duō dà le?" (How old is she?)
How could you ask about age for little kids in Chinese? You could say “你几岁了, nǐ jǐ suì le?”. It also means “How old are you?”.
“ 几, jǐ ” is an interrogative pronoun which is used to ask about a number usually less than 10.
“岁, suì” means the year of age.
So, this structure is: "Subject + jǐ suì + le ?" means how old someone is, especially for little kids or for the young people.
How could you respond when somebody says “你多大了, nǐ duō dà le” or "你几岁了, nǐ jǐ suì le" to you?
You could just say "the number of your age" or "the number + suì".
How old are you? Twenty (20)
How old is he? Five years old (5岁 in mandarin)