Open Class HSK test -

Lover notes 爱的便利贴

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 

 

Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

Use the pattern '是 ... 的' to put emphasis on the detail that goes in between 是 and 的 in a sentence. The detail is not only used to describes about an action of the verb, but also emphasize whom the action is taken. 

The grammatical structure is ' Object + 是 + [ the detail to be emphasized with whom the action is taken ] + Verb + 的 '.

e.g.
这纸条一定是玛丽留给我的。
This note must have been left to me by Mary.

(In this example, the detail to be emphasized is 玛丽留给我 。We emphasize such action is taken by Mary.)




Result complements are a kind of verb-complement construction which is composed of a verb followed by a complement. In English, we can differentiate between the concepts of ‘to see’ and ‘to look’ using different verbs and these verbs either include the result (seeing) or do not (looking). However, most Mandarin verbs do not indicate the result and the result complements therefore are added to the verb to indicate the result, degree or state of the action, for example, whether the action was done or not.

a) Use the structural particle '得' to construct the result complement ( ' 得 + Adjective ' ) to indicates result, degree or state of the action with the grammatical structure ' Subject + Verb + 得 + Adjective '.

e.g.
我睡得很晚。I slept very late.
(In this example, the Mandarin verb is '睡' which means 'sleep' and the result complement of ' 得很晚 ' to indicate late sleeping time.)

e.g.
我睡得不晚。I slept not late.


b) Use result complement ( ' 得 + Adjective ' ) to indicates result, degree or state of doing something with the grammatical structure 'Subject + (Verb +) Objective+ Verb + 得 + Adjective '.

e.g.
我唱歌唱得很好。I can sing very well.




Use '比' to put before a verb, together with the result complement ( ' 得 + Adjective ' ), to compare one (A) with another (B) with the grammatical structure ' A + 比 + B + Verb + 得 + Adjective '.

e.g.

他比我学得好. He studies better than I do.

Another grammatical structure to achieve the same purpose of comparison between A and B is ' A + Verb + 得 + 比 + B + Adjective '.

e.g.
他学得比我好. He studies better than I do.


Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.

 

Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  

 

In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

1. 得 [ de ] Introduce a result complement


2. 女 [ nǚ ] Woman, female


3. 跳舞 [ tiào wǔ ] To dance


4. 姓 [ xìnɡ ] Family name, surname


5. 新  [ xīn ] New


6. 笑 [ xiào ] To smile, to laugh


7. 右边 [yòu biɑn ] Right, right side


8. 正在 [ zhènɡ zài ] In the process of

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