Open Class HSK test -

Unit 14

He is her boyfriend 他是她男朋友

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 


Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

Use a rhetorical question ' 不是...吗 ' to express the opinion or emotion of a speaker when what is happening that is not in line with what the speaker knows. The speaker therefore uses such rhetorical question to reaffirm what the speaker knows. It is usually followed or preceded by a real question that uses 为什么 (why) and/or 怎么 (how).

The negative form of the rheto rical question is used to express affirmative meaning, whereas the affirmative form is to the negative meaning.



Isn't it supposed to be sunny today? Why is it rainy?

Use the word '着’ :

a) after a verb to show continuous actions and ongoing status of the verb with the grammatical structure ' Subject + Verb + 着 + Object '.

e.g. 窗开着。The window was open.

b) Add '没’ before the verb to express a negative form of the continuous actions with the grammatical structure ' Subject + 没 + Verb + 着 + Object '.


窗没开着。The window was not open.

c) Add '没有’ at the end of a sentence to express an interrogative form of the continuous actions with the grammatical structure ' Subject + Verb + 着 + Object + 没有 ? '.


窗开着没有? The window was open, wasn't it?

Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.


Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  


In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

1. 对 [ duì ] (adj) Right, correct

2. 红 [ hónɡ ] Red

3. 咖啡 [ kā fēi ] Coffee

4. 男 [ nán ] Man, male

5. 铅笔 [ qiān bǐ ] Pencil

6. 说话 [ shuō huà ] To speak, to say

7. 手表 [ shóu biǎo ] Watch

8. 着 [ zhe ] Used to indicate a state

Supplementary Notes