Open Class HSK test -

Unit 2

Where is your younger sister? 你妹妹呢?

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 


Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

  1. Use '离' to indicate the distance from a place, a point of time or a purpose with the following grammatical structures:

    • a) A + 离 + B + Adjective

      (Notes: the adjective normally uses '近' for close  and '远' for far)
      e.g. 我家离学校很近。 My home is close to the school.


    •  b) A + 离 + B + Numerical phrase
      e.g. 我家离学校一公里。My home is 1 kilometer from the school.


  2.  Use the pronoun '每':

    • a) to show every one of people or things

    • b) to show all the members of a group of people or things.

​'每' is used before a measure word with the grammatical structures:

  • ' 每  + Measure Word + Noun '

    e.g.  每个人 Every person, 每个星期 Every week

  • ' 每  + Number + Measure Word + Noun '

    e.g. 每一个人 Every one person, 每三个星期 Every three weeks

The '每' structures are normally used with '' in a complete sentence. The meaning of '都' (dōu) is all or both.

他每天都会给小狗洗澡。 He bathes his dog every day.

我每三个星期都回一次家。I go home every three weeks.

Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.


Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  


In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

  • 非常[ fēi cháng ] Very, extremely

  • 公共汽车 [ gōng gòng qì chē ] Bus

  • 可以 [ kě yǐ ] Can be, may be

  • 离 [ lí ] To be away from

  • 路  [ lù ] Road, path, way

  • 妹妹 [ mèi mei ] Younger sister

  • 每 [ měi ] Every, each

  • 起床 [ qǐ chuáng ] To get up,to get out of bed

  • 踢足球 [ tī zú qiú ] To play football

  • 远 [ yuǎn ] Far, distant

  • 自行车 [ zì xíng chē ] Bike

Supplementary Notes