Open Class HSK test -

Unit 8

Swim to the United States 游泳去美国

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 


Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

  1. Use the adverb of time '已经' to express an action which has been competed or being reached a certain degree.

    e.g.  火车已经开走了。 The train has left.


  2. Use the word  ‘过’  to express past experience, actions or behaviors which do not last to the present with the grammatical structure ' Subject + Verb ++ Object '.

    e.g.   他来过中国。He has visited to China before.


  3. Talk about the number of times that an action has taken place with the grammatical structures:

    ' Subject + Verb + 过 + Number + 次 ', or

    ' Subject + Verb + 过 + Object + Number + 次 '

    他吃过三次火锅。He has ate hot pot three times.
    他们去过中国两次。They have been to China two times.


  4. Express a conclusion or a resolution made by the basis of what has been mentioned previously using the grammatical structure: 就 + Verb

    If you don’t want to go, just rest at home then.

Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.


Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  


In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

  • 吧 [ bɑ ] To indicate suggestion

  • 宾馆 [ bīn ɡuǎn ] Hotel

  • 长 [ chánɡ ] Long

  • 次 [ cì ] Time

  • 到  [ dào ] To arrive, to reach

  • 但是 [ dàn shì ] But, still, yet

  • 贵 [ ɡuì ] Expensive

  • 过 [ ɡuò ] To indicate a past experience

  • 旅游 [ lǚ yóu ] To travel, to take a trip

  • 票 [ piào ] Ticket

  • 便宜 [ pián yi ] Cheap

  • 去年 [ qù nián ] Last year

  • 事情 [ shì qinɡ ] Thing, matter, affair

  • 已经 [ yǐ jīnɡ ] Already

Supplementary Notes