Open Class HSK test -

Unit 11

Drinking Can Strengthen One’s Courage 喝酒可以壮胆

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 


Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

Comparative sentences (II) : A比 B + adj + (一点儿/ 一些/ 得多/ 多了 )

Use comparative phrase “A比 B + Adj + (一点儿 / 一些 / 得多 / 多了 )” to express the degree of difference between A and B.

We use a comparative phrase “A比 B + Adj + (一点儿/ 一些/ 得多/ 多了)” to express the degree of difference between two objects (A and B in the case). To further indicate the extents of their difference between A and B, we can supplement:

“一点儿” and “一些” to express their difference is a little, not much or many;

“得多” and “多了” to express their difference is much, much more or a lot of.

The grammatical sentence is:

“Noun1 + 比 + Noun2 + Adj (+ 一点儿 / 一些 / 得多 / 多了)” for an affirmative sentence

“Noun1 + 没有 B + ( 这么 / 那么 ) + Adj ” for a negative sentence

Examples: (affirmative pattern)


Xiao Zhi is a little older than Xiao Ling.


This exam is much harder than last time.


Today's bus is later than yesterday.


The dishes cooked by Mom are much better than those made by Dad.

Examples (negative sentence):


My little sister is not taller than my brother.


Strawberry cake is not as good as chocolate cake.

Use compound complements of direction

Directional verbs such as “上(up), 下(down), 進 (in), 出 (out), 回(return), 過(come), 起(stand)” , etc., followed by a simple complement of direction such as “來(come) / 去(go) ” can be used after another verb as its complement to form a compound complement of direction.

The use of the compound complement of direction is to indicate the direction of the action and describes the action in detail. Common compound complements of direction are:

來(come) - 

上來 (come up), 下來(come down), 進來(come in), 出來(come out), 回來(return), 過來, 起來(stand up)

去(go) - 

上去 (go up), 下去 (go down), 進去 (come in), 出去 (come out), 回去 (return back), 過去(past by)

The grammatical structure of the compound complements of direction is “… V1 + [V2 + 來 / 去 ] …”



Mei Mei stood up and answered the teacher's question.


The little mouse climbed out of the hole.


I bought a lot of sweets, you take a little back.

Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.


Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  


In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

到时候 [ dào shí hou ] that time; then

害怕 [ hài pà ] (v) to be afraid; to be scared

红酒 [ hónɡ jiǔ ] (n) red wine

简单 [ jiǎn dān ] (adj) simple

教 [ jiāo ] (v) to teach

渴 [ kě ] (adj). thirty

口 [ kǒu ] (m) mouthful

口 [ kǒu ] (n) mouth

历史 [ lì shǐ ] (n) history

瓶子 [ pínɡ zi ] (n) bottle

骑 [ qí ] (v) to ride

起来 [ qǐ lai ] (v) (indicate an upward movement) to rise

其实 [ qí shí ] (adv) actually

体育 [ tǐ yù ] (n) P.E.; sports

一般来说 [ yì bān lái shuō ] Generally speaking

自行车 [ zì xínɡ chē ] (n) bicycle

Supplementary Notes