Open Class HSK test -

Drinking Can Strengthen One’s Courage 喝酒可以壮胆

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 

 

Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

Comparative sentences (II) : A比 B + adj + (一点儿/ 一些/ 得多/ 多了 )


Use comparative phrase “A比 B + Adj + (一点儿 / 一些 / 得多 / 多了 )” to express the degree of difference between A and B.


We use a comparative phrase “A比 B + Adj + (一点儿/ 一些/ 得多/ 多了)” to express the degree of difference between two objects (A and B in the case). To further indicate the extents of their difference between A and B, we can supplement:


“一点儿” and “一些” to express their difference is a little, not much or many;


“得多” and “多了” to express their difference is much, much more or a lot of.


The grammatical sentence is:


“Noun1 + 比 + Noun2 + Adj (+ 一点儿 / 一些 / 得多 / 多了)” for an affirmative sentence


“Noun1 + 没有 B + ( 这么 / 那么 ) + Adj ” for a negative sentence


Examples: (affirmative pattern)


小志比小玲年纪大一点儿。

Xiao Zhi is a little older than Xiao Ling.


今次考试比上次难多了。

This exam is much harder than last time.


今天公交车来得比昨天晚一些。

Today's bus is later than yesterday.


妈妈做的菜比爸爸做的好吃得多。

The dishes cooked by Mom are much better than those made by Dad.



Examples (negative sentence):


妹妹没有哥哥这么高。

My little sister is not taller than my brother.


草莓蛋糕没有巧克力蛋糕那么好吃。

Strawberry cake is not as good as chocolate cake.




Use compound complements of direction


Directional verbs such as “上(up), 下(down), 進 (in), 出 (out), 回(return), 過(come), 起(stand)” , etc., followed by a simple complement of direction such as “來(come) / 去(go) ” can be used after another verb as its complement to form a compound complement of direction.


The use of the compound complement of direction is to indicate the direction of the action and describes the action in detail. Common compound complements of direction are:


來(come) - 

上來 (come up), 下來(come down), 進來(come in), 出來(come out), 回來(return), 過來, 起來(stand up)


去(go) - 

上去 (go up), 下去 (go down), 進去 (come in), 出去 (come out), 回去 (return back), 過去(past by)


The grammatical structure of the compound complements of direction is “… V1 + [V2 + 來 / 去 ] …”


Examples:


美美同学站起来,回答老师问题。

Mei Mei stood up and answered the teacher's question.


小老鼠从洞口爬出来。

The little mouse climbed out of the hole.


我买了很多糖果,你带一点儿回去。

I bought a lot of sweets, you take a little back.




Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.

 

Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  

 

In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

到时候 [ dào shí hou ] that time; then


害怕 [ hài pà ] (v) to be afraid; to be scared


红酒 [ hónɡ jiǔ ] (n) red wine


简单 [ jiǎn dān ] (adj) simple


教 [ jiāo ] (v) to teach


渴 [ kě ] (adj). thirty


口 [ kǒu ] (m) mouthful


口 [ kǒu ] (n) mouth


历史 [ lì shǐ ] (n) history


瓶子 [ pínɡ zi ] (n) bottle


骑 [ qí ] (v) to ride


起来 [ qǐ lai ] (v) (indicate an upward movement) to rise


其实 [ qí shí ] (adv) actually


体育 [ tǐ yù ] (n) P.E.; sports


一般来说 [ yì bān lái shuō ] Generally speaking


自行车 [ zì xínɡ chē ] (n) bicycle



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