Open Class HSK test -

Unit 12

Go library to play games 去图书馆打游戏

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 


Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

Construct the “把bǎ” sentence (I) : “ A把B + Verb + …”

Use “ A 把 B + Verb + …” to construct a “ 把 bǎ ” sentence (I)

A “把 bǎ” sentence is a useful structure to express an action that has been completed by a definite person of thing. The ba-sentence is often used to request a person to perform an action and put emphasis on the result of the action.

The grammatical structure is “A把B + V + …”. A is a person who perform an action on an object B. Note that If there are negative adverbs or modal verbs such as “没”, “别”, “不能” , they should precede “把”.



You turn off the air conditioner.


Help me post this letter.

Examples: (Note that negative adverbs and modal verbs such as “没”, “别” “可以”, “不能” precede “把” in these cases)


You didn't give me your phone.


Don't forget your homework.


Can you close the door?


I can't give you the keys.

Expression of Approximate Numbers : 左右

Use “左右” to express an approximate number

To express approximation in general, we can use “左右” after a numeral. It has the meaning of approximately, roughly, about, around, slightly less or more, etc. in English to indicate approximation in number, time, date, weight, money, etc.



On Sunday, I usually get up around eleven.


I only have about 500 yuan.


We have known each other for about ten years.

Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.


Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  


In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

把 [ bǎ ] (m) used for thing with a handle

笔记本(电脑)[ bǐ jì běn (diàn nǎo) ] (n) notebook; laptop

词典 [ cí diǎn ] (n) dictionary

灯 [ dēnɡ ] (n) light; lamp

电子邮件 [ diàn zǐ yóu jiàn ] e-mail

放心 [ fànɡ xīn ] (v) to ease one’s mind; to rest assured

关 [ ɡuān ] (v) to turn off; to close

还 [ huán ] (v) to return

记得 [ jì de ] (v) to remember

借 [ jiè ] (v) to borrow; to lend

离开 [ lí kāi ] (v) to leave; to part with

图书馆 [ tú shū ɡuǎn ] (n) library

习惯 [ xí ɡuàn ] (v) to be used to

信 [ xìn ] (n) letter

Supplementary Notes