Open Class HSK test -

Shopping Abroad 出国购物

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 

 

Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

Construct the “把” sentence (II) : “A 把 B + verb + 在/到/给”


Use “A 把 B + V + 在/到/给 + Location/Somebody” to construct a “把bǎ” sentence (II)


Recap that in our previous lesson, A 把 (bǎ) sentence is a useful structure to express an action that has been completed by a definite person of thing. The ba-sentence is often used to request a person to perform an action and put emphasis on the result of the action. We have already learnt the simple 把 (bǎ) sentence with its grammatical structure is “A把B + V + …”. to indicate that A is a person who perform an action on an object B.


We can further supplement the preposition “在/到/给” for the ba-sentence as follows:


  • (1) We use “A 把 B + V + 在/到/给 + Location” to change a location of the Object B.


  • (2) We use “A 把 B + V + 在/到/给 + Somebody (C)” to change an owner of the Object B from A to C.

To sum up, the grammatical structure of the ba-sentence is “A 把 B + V + 在/到/给 + Location/ Somebody”


Examples (Change the location of an Object B in this case):


我把书本放在你的包里了。

I put the book in your bag.


爸爸把钱包放到桌子上了。

Dad puts the wallet on the table.



Examples (Change an owner of the Object B in this case):


我朋友把照相机借给我了。

My friend lent me the camera.


你帮我把这本书还给小王。

You help me return this book to Xiao Wang.






Use “关于” as a preposition to express “About”


Use a preposition “关于” to express “about”

We use the preposition ”关于” to express “about”. ”关于” simply means "about" in English. It can be used in a few ways to indicate a specific subject such as a topic, person, book, decision, etc. to be discussed.


Examples:


关于转换工作岗位,下星期会公布。

The job rotation will be announced next week.


关于美芳的事,我不想知道。

I don’t want to know about Mei Fang’s matters.

Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.

 

Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  

 

In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

短 [ duǎn ] (adj) short


段 [ duàn ] (m) used for sections to periods


发 [ fā ] (v) to send


关于 [ ɡuān yú ] (prep) about; regarding


国家 [ ɡuó jiā ] (n) country; nation


护照 [ hù zhào ] (n) passport


经过 [ jīnɡ ɡuò ] (v) to pass by


米 [ mǐ ] (n) metre


葡萄 [ pú tɑo ] (n) grape


起飞 [ qǐ fēi ] (v) (of an aircraft) to take off


钱包 [ qián bāo ] (n) purse; wallet


人名 [ rén mínɡ ] name (of a person)


司机 [ sī jī ] (n) driver


糖 [ tánɡ ] (n) sugar


特别 [ tè bié ] (adv) extraordinarily


习惯 [ xí ɡuàn ] (n) habit


需要 [ xū yào ] (v) to need


香瓜 [ xiānɡ ɡuā ] (n) casaba


香蕉 [ xiānɡ jiāo ] (n) banana



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