Open Class HSK test -

Unit 16

The bird that hits the glass 撞到玻璃的鸟儿

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 


Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

Use “ A 把 B + V + Complement of Result / Direction” to construct a “把bǎ” sentence (III)

Recap that in our previous lessons, a “把 (bǎ)” sentence is a useful structure to express an action that has been completed by a definite person of thing. The ba-sentence is often used to request a person to perform an action and put emphasis on the result of the action. We have already learnt the simple 把 (bǎ) sentence with its grammatical structure is “A把B + V + …” to indicate that A is a person who perform an action on an object B.

We supplemented the preposition “ 在 / 到 / 给 ” for the ba-sentence with the grammatical structure of the ba-sentence is 

“A 把 B + V + 在 / 到 / 给 + Location / Somebody”

In this unit, we further learn a new grammatical structure of the ba-sentence “ A 把 B + V + Complement of Result / Direction”, where:

(1) Complement of result is used to express an outcome when an action has been performed on a definite person or thing, or

(2) Complement of direction is used to express a position change when an action has been performed on a definite person or thing.


妈妈把衣服洗好了。(Note: complement of result is “洗好了”)

Mother washed the clothes.

同学们把书本拿出来。(Note: complement of direction is “拿出来”)

The students took out the books.

Use the structure “先…, 再 / 又…, 然后…” to express the sequence of a series of actions.

We use the structure “先…, 再 / 又…, 然后…” to express the sequence of a series of actions.

In English,  “先” means "first",

“再” and “又” mean "then”,

“然后” means "after that".

The difference between “再” and “又” is that “再” expresses that an action has not yet occurred whereas “又” expresses that an action which has already occurred.



You have to raise your hands before asking questions.


Tonight we will go to the movies first and then have dinner.

Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.


Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  


In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

厨房 [ chú fánɡ ] (n) kitchen

多么 [ duō me ] (adv) very; to a great extent

画 [ huà ] (v) to draw; to paint;

画 [ huà ] (n) drawing; painting

节目 [ jié mù ] (n) programme

筷子 [ kuài zi ] (n) chopsticks

马 [ mǎ ] (n) horse

鸟 [ niǎo ] (n) bird

盘子 [ pán zi ] (n) plate

然后 [ rán hòu ] (conj) then; after that

双 [ shuānɡ ] (m) pair

碗 [ wǎn ] (n) bowl

先 [ xiān ] (adv) first; in advance

像 [ xiànɡ ] (v) to be like

一直 [ yì zhí ] (adv) all the time

着急 [ zháo jí ] (adj) worried; anxious

Supplementary Notes