Open Class HSK test -

Unit 17

New Female Colleague 新来的女同事

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 


Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

Use of causative verbs “使”, “叫” and “让”

Causative verbs are used to cause or influence people to do things. The most common causative verbs in Chinese are: “使”, “叫” and “让”. In English, these causative verbs basically all have the same meaning of "to make", "to let", "to have," and " to get".

“使” is used in more formal or written Chinese, whereas “叫” and “让” are used more in spoken Chinese.


  • 爱情让我变年轻。
    Love makes me young.

  • 这本爱情小说的结局让我很感动。
    I am very moved by the ending of this romance novel.

Use the interrogative pronouns to express that every member to be the same in a certain scope.

We use the interrogative pronouns such as “谁 (who)”, “怎么 (how)”, “什么 (what)”, “哪儿 (where)” to express that every member to be the same in a certain scope, without exception.

In particular, we combine the interrogative pronouns with “都” to make words and phrases like "everywhere" or "everyone."


  • 谁都想身体健康。(Note: 谁都 = everyone)
    Everyone wants to be healthy.

  • 今天晚上在哪儿吃饭都可以。(Note: 哪儿…都 = everywhere)
    I can eat anywhere tonight.

Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.


Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  


In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

变 [ biàn ] (v) to change; to become

比较 [ bǐ jiào ] (adv) fairly; rather

地 [ de ] (part) used to connect an adverbial modifier and the verb it modifies

个子 [ ɡè zi ] (n) height; stature

敢 [ ɡǎn ] (v) to dare

关心 [ ɡuān xīn ] (v) to care for; to be interested in

哭 [ kū ] (v) to cry

蓝 [ lán ] (adj) blue

脸 [ liǎn ] (n) face

了解 [ liǎo jiě ] (v) to know

女孩儿 [ nǚ háir ] (n) girl

声音 [ shēnɡ yīn ] (n) sound; voice

刷牙 [ shuā yá ] (v) to brush the teeth

同事 [ tónɡ shì ] (n) colleague

头发 [ tóu fɑ ] (n) hair

完成 [ wán chénɡ ] (v) to complete

洗澡 [ xǐ zǎo ] (v) to take a bath/shower

长 [ zhǎnɡ ] (v) to grow; to develop

Supplementary Notes