Open Class HSK test -

Unit 18

Dragon Boat Festival or Mid-Autumn Festival 端午节还是中秋节

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 


Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

Use “極了” to indicate superlative degree such as “extremely” or "utmostly"

We use “極了” after adjective and mental verb to mean “in a high degree”, “extremely” or "utmostly".

The grammatical structure is : “Subject + Adj / Verb + 極了”.


  • 那个包包我喜欢极了。
    I like that bag very much.

  • 这个蛋糕好吃极了。
    This cake is delicious.

Use of complex state complement

State complement is one kind of the complement. It is used to supplement the state of the action. "得" is usually preceded by a verb or an adjective and followed by the "status complement" which is a verb phrase.


  • 妹妹高兴得跳了起来。(Note: state complement is “跳了起来”)
    My little sister jumped up happily

  • 她感动得哭了起来。(Note: state complement is “哭了起来”)
    She moved to tears.

  • 爸爸整天很忙,忙得透不过气。(Note: state complement is “透不过气”)
    Dad is busy all day, suffocating.

Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.


Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  


In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

鼻子 [ bí zi ] (n) nose

耳朵 [ ěr duo ] (n) ear

公斤 [ ɡōnɡ jīn ] (n) kilogram

欢迎 [ huān yínɡ ] (v) to welcome

极(了)[ jí ( le ) ] (adv) extremely

节日 [ jié rì ] (n) festival

举行 [ jǔ xínɡ ] (v) to hold (a meeting、an event,etc.)

请假 [ qǐnɡ jià ] (v) to ask for leave

世界 [ shì jiè ] (n) world

文化 [ wén huà ] (n) culture

有名 [ yǒu mín ] (adj) famous

嘴 [ zuǐ ] (n) mouth

中秋节 [ zhōnɡ qiū jié ] (n) Mid-Autumn Festival

Supplementary Notes