Open Class HSK test -

Mountaineering 爬山

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 

 

Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

Use simple complements of direction to indicate the direction of an action.


Simple complements of direction is used after a verb to express the direction of an action. General grammatical pattern is “Verb + 来 / 去 ” where “来” means “come” and “去” means “go”.


Verbs in common used together with “来 / 去” are as follows:

上 = upper

下 = under

进 = enter

出 = out

回 = return

过 = pass

起 = get up

买 = buy

带 = bring

搬= move


Grammatical structure: “ Verb + 来 / 去


Examples:

  • 我出逛街。I go shopping.

  • 你往看看。You look up.



Apart from the above mentioned grammatical structure, if Object is a noun of a place, we need to put “来 / 去” after the said Object. Then, the grammatical structure becomes “ Subject + Verb + Object + 来 / 去”


Examples:

  • 他回中国去了。He went back to China.

  • 妈妈往市场去了。Mom went to the market.


If Object is a noun of things in general, we can put “来 / 去” either before or after the said Object.


Examples:

  • 明天课堂,我想带去这本笔记本。Tomorrow class, I want to take this notebook.

  • 明天课堂,我想带这本笔记本去。Tomorrow class, I want to take this notebook.





Use two successive actions with “Verb1了…就Verb2” to indicate 2 actions which take place in sequence. The first action (Verb1) takes place first and then successively follows by a second action (Verb2).


To express 2 actions taken place successively in sequence, first action (Verb1) occurs first, followed by second action (Verb2), we can use the grammatical structure: “ Subject + (Verb1了)…就 (Verb2)”


Examples :

  • 了床就牙。When you get up, brush your teeth.

  • 了班就饭。After work, I eat.

In a sentence with 2 subjects, the second subject should be put before “就”. The grammatical structure is


“Subject 1 + (Verb1了)…Subject 2就 (Verb2)”


Examples:

  • 你下了课我们就吃雪糕。After you finish class, we'll have ice cream.

  • 爸爸到了家我就告诉他一个好消息。When Dad returns home, I'll tell him the good news.

Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.

 

Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  

 

In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

草 [ cǎo ] (n) grass


跟 [ ɡēn ] (prep) with


坏 [ huài ] (adj) broken; ruined


脚 [ jiǎo ] (n) foot


结束 [ jié shù ] to end; to finish


经理[ jīnɡ lǐ ] (n) manager


辆 [ liànɡ ] (m) used for vehicles


楼[ lóu ] (n) building


拿[ ná ] (v) to take; to fetch


难[ nán ] (adj) difficult


爬山[ pá shān ] (v) to climb a mountain


皮鞋[ pí xié ] (n) leather shoes


容易[ rónɡ yì ] (adj) easy


伞 [ sǎn ] (n) umbrella


上 [ shànɡ ] (v) to go up; to ascend


树 [ shù ] (n) tree


疼 [ ténɡ ] (adj) hurt; painful


腿 [ tuǐ ] (n) leg


应该 [ yīnɡ ɡāi ] (v) should


有点儿 [ yóu diánr ] (adv) a little; a bit


中间 [ zhōnɡ jiān ] (n) middle


周末 [ zhōu mò ] (n) weekend

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