The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences. There are example sentences to show how the language is used.
Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.
In this unit, learn to:
Use conditional “只要…就…” to connect the two clauses of a conditional complex sentence
“只要…，就…” is used to connect the two clauses of a conditional complex sentence, with “只要” introducing a necessary condition and “就” followed by the consequent result.
In English, “只要…，就…” means "as long as... then....". In other words, whenever A happens, B (always) results.
The grammatical structure is:
“只要 + Subject1 …，(Subject2 +) 就…” or
“Subject1 + 只要 …，(Subject2 +) 就…”
The subject can be put before or after “只要”. If there is a second subject in the sentence, it is put right before “就”.
If you want to go, I will accompany you.
If I have time, I will visit grandma.
Use “被” to express passive voice
主动句 (Active sentence):
Let’s see an active sentence: Brother eats a cake.
[Subject] + [Verb] + [Object]
弟弟(Brother) 吃(eats) 蛋糕(a cake)。
[Thing(s) doing the action] + [Verb] + [Thing(s) receiving the action]
被动句 (Passive voice)
A passive voice of the sentence becomes: A cake is eaten by brother.
[Subjec] + [被/ 叫/ 让] + [Object] + [Verb]
蛋糕(a cake) 被 弟弟(Brother) 吃(eat)。
[Thing(s) receiving the action] + [被] + [Thing(s) doing the action] + [verb]
In passive sentence, the subject is the receiver of an action and the object is the doer of an action.
When to use the passive voice?
a) When the speaker is particularly concerned or focused on the "receiver of an action"
b) indicates something unsatisfactory or undesirable (e.g. hurt, cheated)
How to use the passive voice?
a) interchanging the positions of subjects and objects, and
b) Adding “被/叫/让” between the subject and object. The verb followed by object, and
c) inserting “other elements ” as a supplement (such as : 了, a complement or additional object) at the end of the sentence if necessary.
Notes: The object following "被" can be omitted, and the object following "叫/让" cannot be omitted.
The grammatical structure is:
[Subject] + [被/叫/让] + [Verb] + [ other elements]
The vase was broken by my brother.
I was deceived by a scammer a lot of money.
Chinese Vocabulary and Writing
The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language. For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it.
Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin. Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.
Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.
In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:
被 [ bèi ] (prep) used to indicate the passive voice
必须 [ bì xū ] (adv) must
船 [ chuán ] (n) boat；ship
打 [ dǎ ] (v) to send; to remit
东 [ dōnɡ ] (n) east
换 [ huàn ] (v) to change; to substitute
黄 [ huánɡ ] (n) yellow color
黄河 [ huánɡ hé ] Yellow River(the second longest river in China)
解决 [ jiě jué ] (v) to solve
经常 [ jīnɡ chánɡ ] (adv) often
难过 [ nán ɡuò ] (adj) sad
年轻 [ nián qīnɡ ] (adj) young
认为 [ rèn wéi ] (v) to think; to believe
试 [ shì ] (v) to try
万 [ wàn ] (num) ten thousand
小心 [ xiǎo xīn ] (adj) careful
信用卡 [ xìn yònɡ kǎ ] (n) credit card
影响 [ yǐnɡ xiǎnɡ ] (n) influence
遇到 [ yù dào ] (v) to come