Open Class HSK test -

Unit 4

The New House 新房子

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 


Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

1. Use "一 … + 也/都 + 不/没" to indicate “not at all”

Use negative structure "一 … + 也/都 + 不/没" to express "not at all".

The grammatical structure is " 一 + Measure Word + Noun + 也/都 + 不/没 + Verb"



She did not buy any clothes at all yesterday.


Xiao Guang seems very unhappy, he does not say a word at all today.

Sometimes, we can use “一儿” to replace “一 + Measure Word”. In English, “一儿” means ““a little bit”, same in meaning of “not at all”.



I'm very sick and I do not want to eat anything (at all) today.


I've been very busy lately. I have no time at all.

2. To express a period of time

When an action or a status lasts for a period of time, we use “complement of duration” in a sentence to express how long the action or status still keeps going. The complement of duration used in general are:

a quarter (一刻钟),

half an hour (半个小时),

one day (一天),

two weeks (两星期),

three months (三个月),

four years (四年), etc.

Next, we learn how to express “duration” in a sentence. Pay attention on the differences between below two grammatical structures, their meanings are not the same.

a) "Subject + Verb + 了 + Duration + Object" to indicate the duration of action.



I have watched TV for two hours.

(in this example, it expresses the I watched TV for two hours)

b) "Subject + Verb + 了 + Duration + Object + 了" to indicate the duration of action which still keeps going.



I have been watching TV for two hours

(in this example, it expresses the I watched TV for two hours and keep watching it continuously, without stop)

Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.


Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  


In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

安静 [ ān jìnɡ ] (adj) quiet

帮 [ bānɡ ] (v) to help

帮忙 [ bānɡ mánɡ ] (v) to help

不但…而且 [ bú dàn…ěr ] (conj) not only..but also..

层 [ cénɡ ] (m) used for floors

打扫 [ dá sǎo ] (v) to clean; to sweep

地铁 [ dì tiě ] (n) subway

电梯 [ diàn tī ] (n) elevator

房子 [ fánɡ zi ] (n) house; building

附近 [ fù jìn ] (n) nearby; vicinity

干净 [ ɡān jìnɡ ](adj) clean

公园 [ ɡōnɡ yuán ] (n) park

花 [ huā ] (v) to spend

环境 [ huán jìnɡ ] (n) environment

街道 [ jiē dào ] (n) street

邻居 [ lín jū ] (n) neighbor

满意 [ mǎn yì ] (v) to be satisfied

银行 [ yín hánɡ ] (n) bank

主要 [ zhǔ yào ] (adj) main

Supplementary Notes