Open Class HSK test -

Brother Without Glasses 不戴眼镜的哥哥

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 

 

Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

To ask where somebody or something location with “呢”


The grammatical structure is “Noun + 呢?”


Example:


Sam: 我的书包呢? 你看见了吗?

Jan : 就在桌子上啊。


Sam: Where is my schoolbag? Do you see it?

Jan: It's on the table.






To use complements of possibility with "V得" or "V不"


Use "V得" or "V不" + complements of possibility to express the likelihood whether a goal or an outcome can be achieved.


"V得 + Complements" is an affirmative pattern to express the goal and outcome can be achieved.


"V不 + Complements" is a negative pattern to express the goal and outcome cannot be achieved.


The above mentioned “Complements” can be an adjective, a verb or a complements of result or direction.


Examples:


妈妈今天带我们去公园玩耍,玩得很开心。

Mom accompanies us to the park today, (we) have a good time.


我视力非常好, 很远的东西我也看得见。

My eyesight is very good, I can see things very far away.


我总是找不到好的汉语老师。

I can't always find a good Chinese teacher.


珠穆朗玛峰太高了,我上不去。

The Everest is too high for me to go up.



For an interrogative sentence, we can use the following grammatical structure to ask if a goal or an outcome can be achieved or not:


"Verb得 + Complements + Verb 不 + Complements" or "Verb 得 + Complements + 吗?"


Examples:


我的说话到底你听得见听不见? 

Can you hear me?


那么大的蛋糕,你吃得下吗?

Can you eat such a big cake?







To use "刚" and "刚才"


"刚" and "刚才" means "just" in English. Though both are used to express that an action has happened recently, they are used to express the action occurred in different time contexts.


"刚" is an adverb, it can only be used before a verb to indicate an action just occurred recently, but it did not specify when it happened (maybe, a few minutes ago, a few days ago or a few months ago).


"刚才" is a noun, it can be used at the beginning of a sentence or before a verb to indicate that an action just occurred for a few minutes ago.


Examples :


妈妈刚出去。

Mom just went out.


我刚去中国旅行。

I just traveled to China.


(In the above examples, it expresses that the action occurred recently, but it did not specify when it happened.)




妈妈刚才出去了。

Mom just went out.


刚才是晴天,突然下雨了。

It was sunny just now and it suddenly rained.


(In the above examples, it expresses that the action occurred a few minutes ago.)






Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.

 

Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  

 

In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

词语 [ cí yǔ ] (n) words; expression


迟到 [ chí dào ] (v) to be late


发现 [ fā xiàn ] (v) to discover


刚 [ ɡānɡ ] (adv) just; only a short while ago


刚才 [ ɡānɡ cái ] (n) just now


黑板 [ hēi bǎn ] (n). blackboard


讲 [ jiǎnɡ ] (v) to tell; to explain


句子 [ jù zi ] (n). sentence


帽子 [ mào zi ] (n) hat ; cap


奇怪 [ qí ɡuài ] (adj) strange; odd


清楚 [ qīnɡ chu ] (adj) clear; distinct


突然 [ tū rán ] (adv). suddenly


眼镜 [ yǎn jìnɡ ] (n). glasses; spectacles


以为 [ yǐ wéi ] (v) to think; to consider


音乐会 [ yīn yuè huì ] (n) concert


作业 [ zuò yè ] (n) homework


终于 [ zhōnɡ yú ] (adv). finally

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