Open Class HSK test -

Unit 5

Brother Without Glasses 不戴眼镜的哥哥

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 


Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

To ask where somebody or something location with “呢”

The grammatical structure is “Noun + 呢?”


Sam: 我的书包呢? 你看见了吗?

Jan : 就在桌子上啊。

Sam: Where is my schoolbag? Do you see it?

Jan: It's on the table.

To use complements of possibility with "V得" or "V不"

Use "V得" or "V不" + complements of possibility to express the likelihood whether a goal or an outcome can be achieved.

"V得 + Complements" is an affirmative pattern to express the goal and outcome can be achieved.

"V不 + Complements" is a negative pattern to express the goal and outcome cannot be achieved.

The above mentioned “Complements” can be an adjective, a verb or a complements of result or direction.



Mom accompanies us to the park today, (we) have a good time.

我视力非常好, 很远的东西我也看得见。

My eyesight is very good, I can see things very far away.


I can't always find a good Chinese teacher.


The Everest is too high for me to go up.

For an interrogative sentence, we can use the following grammatical structure to ask if a goal or an outcome can be achieved or not:

"Verb得 + Complements + Verb 不 + Complements" or "Verb 得 + Complements + 吗?"



Can you hear me?


Can you eat such a big cake?

To use "刚" and "刚才"

"刚" and "刚才" means "just" in English. Though both are used to express that an action has happened recently, they are used to express the action occurred in different time contexts.

"刚" is an adverb, it can only be used before a verb to indicate an action just occurred recently, but it did not specify when it happened (maybe, a few minutes ago, a few days ago or a few months ago).

"刚才" is a noun, it can be used at the beginning of a sentence or before a verb to indicate that an action just occurred for a few minutes ago.

Examples :


Mom just went out.


I just traveled to China.

(In the above examples, it expresses that the action occurred recently, but it did not specify when it happened.)


Mom just went out.


It was sunny just now and it suddenly rained.

(In the above examples, it expresses that the action occurred a few minutes ago.)

Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.


Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  


In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

词语 [ cí yǔ ] (n) words; expression

迟到 [ chí dào ] (v) to be late

发现 [ fā xiàn ] (v) to discover

刚 [ ɡānɡ ] (adv) just; only a short while ago

刚才 [ ɡānɡ cái ] (n) just now

黑板 [ hēi bǎn ] (n). blackboard

讲 [ jiǎnɡ ] (v) to tell; to explain

句子 [ jù zi ] (n). sentence

帽子 [ mào zi ] (n) hat ; cap

奇怪 [ qí ɡuài ] (adj) strange; odd

清楚 [ qīnɡ chu ] (adj) clear; distinct

突然 [ tū rán ] (adv). suddenly

眼镜 [ yǎn jìnɡ ] (n). glasses; spectacles

以为 [ yǐ wéi ] (v) to think; to consider

音乐会 [ yīn yuè huì ] (n) concert

作业 [ zuò yè ] (n) homework

终于 [ zhōnɡ yú ] (adv). finally

Supplementary Notes