Open Class HSK test -

Will she be my girlfriend? 她会做我女朋友吗?

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 

 

Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

Use "着" to express the meaning of existence


Use "着" to express the meaning of existence, its general grammatical structure is "Place + Verb + 着 + Numeral + Measure + Noun". A place can be “in a chair”, “on the table”, etc. Verbs that are paired with 着 are usually stative verbs like ““坐(sit), 放 (put)”, “写(write)”, etc.


Examples:


椅子上坐着一位老人。

There is an old man sitting in a chair.


桌子上放着一杯红茶。

There is a cup of black tea on the table.



Negative form of the sentence is as follows:


Place + 没 + Verb + 着 + Noun


Examples:


椅子上没坐着老人。

There is no old man sitting on the chair.


桌子上没放着红茶。

No black tea on the table.






Use two successive numbers to express approximate numbers


To express approximate numbers, we pair two successive numbers, for examples, “一两 (one or two)”, “三四 (three or four)”, etc. The grammatical structure is “Two Successive Numbers + N”.


Examples:


现在寄出去的话,一两天就收到。

If you send it out now, I will receive it in a day or two.


我习惯每天喝三四杯咖啡。

I'm used to drinking three or four cups of coffee a day.






Use reduplication of monosyllabic adjectives to describe and put emphasis on specific characteristics of a person or a thing.


Use reduplication of monosyllabic adjectives to describe and put emphasis on specific characteristics of a person or a thing, its grammatical structure is "Adj + Adj + 的".


Examples:


小妹妹的脸红红的,好像苹果。

The little girl blushes like an apple.


她眼晴大大的,很漂亮。

Her eyes are big and beautiful.




Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.

 

Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  

 

In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

办公室 [ bàn ɡōnɡ shì ] (n) office


聪明 [ cōnɡ minɡ ] (adj) cleaver; smart


衬衫 [ chèn shān ] (n) shirt


当然 [ dānɡ rán ] (adv) of course


放 [ fànɡ ] (v) to put; to place


分 [ fēn ] (m) fen; a unite of money (=1/10 jiao)


花 [ huā ] (n) flower


角 [ jiǎo ] (m) jiao; a unite of money(=1/10 yuan)


旧 [ jiù ] (adj) old; used; worn


可爱 [ kě ài ] (adj) lovely; adorable


裤子 [ kù zi ] (n) pants


绿 [ lǜ ] (adj) green


条 [ tiáo ] (m) used for pants; dresses,etc.


一样 [ yí yànɡ ] (adj) same; as..as..


元 [ yuán ] (m) unite of money


站 [ zhàn ] (v) to stand


重要 [ zhònɡ yào ] (adj) important

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