Open Class HSK test -

On a business trip 去出差

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 

 

Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

Use "就" to place between two interrogative pronouns


When "就" is placed between two of the same interrogative pronouns, the mentioned interrogative pronouns are not used to express interrogative, but they refer to the same indefinite person, object or manner.


In addition, when the two clauses of a sentence have the same subject, the subject of the second clause can be omitted. However, when the two clauses of the sentence have different subjects, the second subject is put before “就”.


Examples:


什么东西便宜? 我买什么? (two interrogative clauses)

什么东西便宜我就买什么。(change to two clauses which share the same subject)

I'll buy whatever is cheap


你哪天有时间就哪天去看电影。

Go to the movies whenever you have time.






Compare the use of “才”and “就”


Both 才 and 就 are put before a verb as an adverbial modifier to express time. However, they have opposite effects on the tone of a sentence. 才indicates that a speaker has a sense of lateness whereas 就 indicates a sense of earliness.


Using 才 to indicate that a speaker feeling an event occurred later than expected, we use the grammatical phase as “Subj + Time Word + 才 + V”


Examples: (才)


我今天晚上九点才下班。

I'm off work at 9 o'clock tonight.


上了公交车才发现没有带手机。

I got on the bus and found that I didn’t bring my mobile phone.



Using就to indicate that a speaker feeling an event occurred earlier than expected, we use the grammatical phase as “Subj + Time Word + 就 + V + Obj+了”


Examples: (就)


我不用一小时就做完功课了。

I don't need to finish my homework in an hour.


我晚上九点就睡觉了。

I went to bed at nine o'clock in the evening.



Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.

 

Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  

 

In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

菜单[ cài dān ] (n) menu


地图 [ dì tú ] (n) map


久 [ jiǔ ] (adj) for a long time; long


开 [ kāi ] (v) to open out; to fold


面包 [ miàn bāo ] (n) bread


裙子 [ qún zi ] (n) dress; skirt


太阳 [ tài yánɡ ] (n) sun


外地 [ wài dì ] (n) other places


西 [ xī ] (n) west


洗手间 [ xǐ shǒu jiān ] bathroom; restroom


行李箱 [ xínɡ li xiānɡ ] (n) luggage; suitcase


照 [ zhào ] (v) to photograph


照片 [ zhào piàn ] (n) photo


照相机 [ zhào xiànɡ jī ] (n) camera


照顾 [ zhào ɡù ] (v) to take care of


自己 [ zì jǐ ] (pron) self





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