Open Class HSK test -

Unit 9

On a business trip 去出差

Learning Objective 

Chinese Grammar

The Chinese grammar section explains the main grammatical structures you need to know in order to make your own sentences.  There are example sentences to show how the language is used. 


Watch our videos to help you understand grammar and listen our audios to help you pronounce the language in an interactive, clear and simple way.

In this unit, learn to:

Use "就" to place between two interrogative pronouns

When "就" is placed between two of the same interrogative pronouns, the mentioned interrogative pronouns are not used to express interrogative, but they refer to the same indefinite person, object or manner.

In addition, when the two clauses of a sentence have the same subject, the subject of the second clause can be omitted. However, when the two clauses of the sentence have different subjects, the second subject is put before “就”.


什么东西便宜? 我买什么? (two interrogative clauses)

什么东西便宜我就买什么。(change to two clauses which share the same subject)

I'll buy whatever is cheap


Go to the movies whenever you have time.

Compare the use of “才”and “就”

Both 才 and 就 are put before a verb as an adverbial modifier to express time. However, they have opposite effects on the tone of a sentence. 才indicates that a speaker has a sense of lateness whereas 就 indicates a sense of earliness.

Using 才 to indicate that a speaker feeling an event occurred later than expected, we use the grammatical phase as “Subj + Time Word + 才 + V”

Examples: (才)


I'm off work at 9 o'clock tonight.


I got on the bus and found that I didn’t bring my mobile phone.

Using就to indicate that a speaker feeling an event occurred earlier than expected, we use the grammatical phase as “Subj + Time Word + 就 + V + Obj+了”

Examples: (就)


I don't need to finish my homework in an hour.


I went to bed at nine o'clock in the evening.

Chinese Vocabulary and Writing

The Chinese vocabulary and writing section introduces new Chinese vocabulary you need to know in order to understand the language.  For each new vocabulary, you learn what it means, how to pronounce and write it. 

Having a good vocabulary will help you improve your language level and become a more confident speaker of Mandarin.  Practising Chinese writing is often one of the best ways to improve your vocabulary.


Chinese character copybooks available online or in printed format enable you to practise your Chinese writing in a stroke by stroke manner.  


In this unit, learn how to pronounce and write new vocabulary below:

菜单[ cài dān ] (n) menu

地图 [ dì tú ] (n) map

久 [ jiǔ ] (adj) for a long time; long

开 [ kāi ] (v) to open out; to fold

面包 [ miàn bāo ] (n) bread

裙子 [ qún zi ] (n) dress; skirt

太阳 [ tài yánɡ ] (n) sun

外地 [ wài dì ] (n) other places

西 [ xī ] (n) west

洗手间 [ xǐ shǒu jiān ] bathroom; restroom

行李箱 [ xínɡ li xiānɡ ] (n) luggage; suitcase

照 [ zhào ] (v) to photograph

照片 [ zhào piàn ] (n) photo

照相机 [ zhào xiànɡ jī ] (n) camera

照顾 [ zhào ɡù ] (v) to take care of

自己 [ zì jǐ ] (pron) self

Supplementary Notes