How to use the Chinese character "mǎi" (buy) in Mandarin
Learn how to use the Chinese character "mǎi" (buy) to indicate an action or intention to buy something in Mandarin Chinese.
“买. mǎi” is a verb, it means “to buy” or “to purchase”
The simple structure can be :
Subject + "买, mǎi" + object
For an example:
“我买书, wǒ mǎi shū。” (I buy books.)
“我, wǒ” is a subject, means I.
“买, mǎi” means to buy.
“书, shū” are books.
So, combine them, “我买书, wǒ mǎi shū” means “I buy books”.
Let see more examples:
wǒ men mǎi píng guǒ。
We buy apples.
bǐ dé mǎi diàn nǎo。
Peter buys computer.
Its negative form is “不买, bù mǎi”
“不, bù” means no or not.
“不买, bù mǎi” means “do not buy”.
wǒ bù mǎi shū。
I don’t buy books.
wǒ men bù mǎi píng guǒ。
We don’t buy apples.
bǐ dé bù mǎi diàn nǎo。
Peter doesn’t buy computer.
If you want to express “already bought”, we use "买了, mǎi le",
"了, le" has the meaning of completion.
"买了, mǎi le" means you have already bought.
The simple structure can be:
Subject + “买了, mǎi le” + object.
wǒ mǎi le píng guǒ。
I have bought apples.
wǒ mǎi le yī fu 。
I have bought clothes.
Its negative form is "没买, méi mǎi”
“买, méi” means ‘no” or “not”.
“没买, méi mǎi” means “haven’t bought”.
wǒ méi mǎi píng guǒ。
I haven’t bought apples.
wǒ méi mǎi yī fu。 I haven’t bought clothes.
Next, if you want to express "an intention to buy" in Mandarin. We use ”要买, yào mǎi”
"要, yào " has the meaning of "an intention to do".
“要买, yào mǎi” meaning is “intend to buy”.
wǒ yào mǎi píng guǒ 。
I want to buy apples.
wǒ yào mǎi shū。
I want to buy books.
Its negative form is “不要买, bú yào mǎi".
wǒ bú yào mǎi píng guǒ
I don’t want to buy apples.
wǒ bú yào mǎi shū
I don’t want to buy books.