English phases such as "the apple that my mother bought ..." or "my classmate who lives in Hong Kong ..." contain a subordinate cause that modifies the noun antecedent to the relative pronoun (that and who in these cases). Similar to English, a Mandarin subordinate clause that serves as a modifier puts before the noun it modified, connected by '的'. The modified noun phase uses the grammatical structure: Modifier + 的 + noun. The modifier can be in multiple forms or structures. Some used in common are as follows: a) Modifier = Verb or Verb Phase b) Modifier = Subject + Verb Phase c) Modifier = Location + Verb Phase d) Modifier = Verb-object Phase e) Modifier = Subject + Location + Verb Phase
Use the word ‘的’ to form a phrase which is equivalent to a noun phrase. As the headword in the noun phase is understood based on context, the headword can be omitted.
Use the adverb ‘就’ : a) after a time phrase to indicate an action takes place sooner than expected, like 'as soon/early as (a certain time). Its structure is Subject + date/time + 就 + Verb Phase. b) after a prior action to indicate 'then' or 'consequently' to construct sequential actions. Its structure is Subject1 + Verb1 + 完 + (Object1) + (Subject2) + 就 + Verb Phase.
About the Video
Xiao Nuo, where are you going?
I phoned you before but no one answered.
Any matter I can help?
My brother wants to play basketball with you.
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